Every person at some point has to turn to poetry. But not everyone is able to perceive poetry and keep them in their head.
Poems are easier to remember than prose because they have their own rhythmic pattern, rhyme and emotional background. Memorizing poetic lines by heart is recommended for the development of memory. During this process, neurons are additionally supplied with blood. This helps to reduce the risk of blood clots, improve the quality of the walls of blood vessels, and increase the signal permeability between neurons. In brain structures, new connections are formed between cells, stimulating cognitive processes and other abilities of the individual.
Rhythm, melody, imagery, emotional content of poetic works allow the brain to quickly engage in the process of memorization and fix in memory lines that are naturally connected. This results in the formation of the following qualities:
- development and enrichment of speech;
- vocabulary replenishment;
- expansion of erudition;
- improvement of diction;
- stimulation of oratory skills.
Memorizing even a few lines of poetry has a positive effect on the biochemical processes of brain structures. Memorization of verses is necessary for training memory in children and adults. It is necessary to take into account the individual characteristics of the perception of each person. An individual with a motor memory remembers poetry wonderfully if it is accompanied by gestures and pantomime. A well-developed visual memory provides for the memorization of poetic material from a printed publication. People who perceive information well by ear are recommended to memorize the text at the time the audio recording is played, while it is advisable to pronounce it aloud.
To improve fixation in the memory of poems, mnemonics methods are used that activate figurative thinking. The main mistake in memorizing a poetic work is focusing on words, trying to keep them in your memory.
In fact, you need to see vivid images and lively stories in a simple rhyming set of words. This technique is effective.
What verses are suitable?
In childhood, understandable rhymed phrases are easy to remember. Developing quatrains should not consist of difficult and incomprehensible words. For the smallest, for quick memorization, short rhymes with fascinating content are recommended. Poems by Agnia Barto, Samuil Marshak, Elena Blaginina, Korney Chukovsky, Sergey Mikhalkov are suitable for kids. Older children are offered to learn poems about nature. They are offered to play tongue twisters in a certain rhythm so that they resemble rhymes.
We give examples of such tongue twisters.
- Vika chews blackberries, magpie pecks strawberries.
- Kostya mows hay in the hay, Senya carries hay in the canopy. Senya carries hay in the canopy, Senya will sleep on the hay.
In the future, children get acquainted with more voluminous verses. They are advised to take the works of A.S. Pushkin, M.Yu. Lermontov, A.T. Tvardovsky. For high school students, a list of poetic works by A.S. Pushkin should be expanded.
Experts recommend memorizing large fragments from the poem “Count Nulin” and the novel in verse “Eugene Onegin”.
For adults, favorite poems by famous poets are best suited for memorization. They are usually clear to the reader. The clear rhythm of the poem gives the process of fixation in memory lightness and joy. Complex works train the brain well.
Poetry collections are published in sufficient quantities. If necessary, any verses can be found on the Internet. For elaboration for each day they offer to choose works by Fyodor Tyutchev, Afanasy Fet, Vladimir Mayakovsky.
Memorizing poems daily for 15 minutes is the prevention of memory problems. The ability to retain the necessary information in the head is developed. Older people manage to maintain clarity of mind and a solid memory.
What is the best way to teach?
Eidotechnics are used to effectively memorize verses. It is based on figurative representations without the inclusion of logical thinking. The poem is recommended to be memorized line by line. It is necessary to visually turn each line into a bright picture. The created images must obey a certain rhythm.
For example, let’s try to “revive” the poem F. Tyutchev “Morning in the mountains.” First you need to mentally combine the first 2 lines and create colorful images. The word “azure” is associated with the name Lazarus, so you can imagine a biblical character laughing out loud in blue skies. At this point, part of the sky darkens. In the black sky, dotted with bright stars, there is a discharge of lightning, from which a stream of water washes Lazarus.
An imaginary picture is associated with the first lines of the work, reciting them rhythmically aloud.
Then you need to imagine the mountains. An unusual adverb formed from the word “dew” is replaced by the word “racists” for better memorization in the imagination. Maybe someone will imagine people with different skin colors on a zigzag light strip of a valley located between mountains. And again the lines are spoken in rhythm with the mental representation of the newly created bright picture.
The next quatrain can be visualized as follows. They imagine mountains in magnificent dresses, as if they were in high society, at an old ball. The ball gown is only half visible. Beyond is a huge blanket woven from mist. A misty blanket hung over a cartilaginous fish with a flat body, the name of which coincides with the word for a gentle descent. In imagination, you can combine these two concepts and imagine a stingray on an inclined surface covered with a foggy blanket.
The last lines are imagined in the form of beautiful medieval choirs, created from fragmentary clouds, a kind of air ruins. The brighter the image is created, the easier the stanza will be remembered.
The poetic text learned with the help of its own associations is easily reproduced in its entirety at any desired moment.
The option to train memory by memorizing verses is suitable for people of all ages. It is recommended to start training with 4 lines a day. After a day, they should be reproduced from memory and add one more stanza to them. It is necessary to add more and more new lines every day with a daily repetition of already learned material. Each subsequent month, the number of learned lines should double. For memory training, it is advised to repeat the stanzas memorized in the very first month.
With a subsequent increase in the load, it is not difficult to learn verses of any complexity, since the ability to memorize and reproduce a rhymed text is improved. With repeated repetition, poetry is stored in memory for a long time. For memorization, it is necessary to choose the time of the peak of working capacity, for example, the morning hours.
Deep breathing, focusing on remembering, frequent repetition are the key to quick reproduction of the learned material.
Learning rhyming lines is necessary for adults. The effectiveness of memorization is facilitated by their double reading. You need to catch the meaning of what you read and retell it in your own words. The whole work is divided into small semantic blocks. Logical connections make it possible to memorize the poetic text well.
Strict observance of intonation and pauses facilitate memorization. In the process of memorization, you can peep into the book, mentally imagine the plot, or try to imagine yourself in the place of the hero. The learned material is recorded from memory on a piece of paper. In the following days, the verses are to be played aloud.
In preschoolers, the brain is actively developing, so memorizing rhymes brings them great benefits. It is best to use simple, short rhyming rhymes. If only the kid understood the meaning of each word. Their meaning is recommended to be explained to the child, otherwise, during the reproduction of rhymes, incomprehensible words will cause hesitations and hitches.
For better memorization, it is necessary to select interesting and meaningful verses without complex verbal constructions. The introduction of game elements develops the creative abilities of the baby. An effective method of memorization with a parallel story on behalf of the animal with the image of its inherent movements. The child, until the text is fully memorized, must recite a poem on behalf of a bear, fox, crow, chicken. Poems must be age appropriate.
- Children 3–4 years old offer quatrains with an abundance of nouns and verbs. The kid must understand what is at stake. The quatrain is read slowly, using colorful intonation and facial expressions. Such reproduction of verses facilitates memorization. The adult begins to pronounce the stanza, the child continues it.
- By 4–5 years the kids begin to form the motivation to memorize the poem. The kid seeks to learn and tell it in order to demonstrate his skills to adults. In this case, it is recommended to take more complex verses. The process of memorization is facilitated by memorizing the work by roles with playing individual scenes. For example, feeding a doll or rocking a bear.
- Children 5–6 years old capable of mastering more voluminous and complex verses. They can analyze the actions of the characters, imagine themselves in their place, recall similar life stories and answer questions about the topic of the work.
- By 6–7 years logical thinking is formed, so children should be invited to depict the characters of the work on a piece of paper themselves. To connect the child’s logical memory, the beginning of the poem is read with a request to retell the further content.
Adults show efforts of will to memorize verses, and children may resist this process. The child should get used to poetic speech and be able to perceive it. To work with babies, you need to adhere to the following recommendations:
- it is necessary to acquaint with verses from infancy;
- rhyming works should be repeated during walks, various games;
- you need to recite poems expressively, with emotional inspiration;
- the selected material must correspond to the age of the little man;
- the baby should understand all the words;
- it is desirable to illustrate poetic texts with drawings.
It is recommended to start memorizing a poem a few days before the required time. It is necessary to single out the main characters, to be imbued with the feelings and emotions of the poet. A vivid representation of images and events enhances perception and memorization. Effective memorization is facilitated by rewriting stanzas on a piece of paper, slow reading of rhyming phrases, mimic and gesture accompaniment.
Some experts recommend making a cheat sheet in which only the first letters of all lines are shown in a column. It is proposed to use the “snowball” principle, when memorization is carried out by increasing. First, remember the first line, then 2 initial lines, then 3 and all subsequent lines in the aggregate.
Help and benefits can be brought by special applications for memorizing verses available on a smartphone.