the reasons. What to do with absent-mindedness and forgetfulness? How to develop a good memory for faces and names?

Bad memory: causes and their elimination

Bad mem­o­ry can be a huge prob­lem for any­one. When every­thing is often for­got­ten, life becomes more ner­vous and unin­ter­est­ing. How­ev­er, if mem­o­ry laps­es and for­get­ful­ness appear, it is impor­tant not to despair. Let’s see what can help in this sit­u­a­tion.

Main reasons

Dis­trac­tion often leads to for­get­ful­ness.

If you have trou­ble remem­ber­ing the names of peo­ple you know or have a very poor mem­o­ry for faces, then you may be at risk.

The thought process is direct­ly depen­dent on mem­o­ry. So that our ner­vous sys­tem does not suf­fer from neg­a­tive fac­tors, the brain turns on the func­tion of for­get­ting. And this is a nor­mal process. But if you under­stand that some­thing is wrong with your mem­o­ry, then you need to decide on the iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of the type of mem­o­riza­tion that is fail­ing.

There are sev­er­al of these types, let’s con­sid­er them in order:

  • the phe­nom­e­non is for­got­ten At once (this is imme­di­ate mem­o­ry);
  • when infor­ma­tion stored in the brain for more than 30 sec­onds, then this type of reten­tion is called short-term;
  • if infor­ma­tion is processed by the brain over a long peri­od, it is already a long-term mem­o­ry;
  • there is also a slid­ing type of mem­o­ry: infor­ma­tion is stored in the brain for the right amount of time, and then erased as unnec­es­sary.

There are many rea­sons for poor mem­o­ry. It all depends on the cir­cum­stances that sur­round a per­son, and on his age.

We list the main caus­es of poor mem­o­ry:

  • due to stress­ful sit­u­a­tions a per­son becomes dis­tract­ed, and his mem­o­ry comes into a bad state;
  • bad habits (smok­ing, alco­hol, drugs) sig­nif­i­cant­ly reduce brain activ­i­ty and mem­o­ry;
  • con­stant lack of sleep is also a neg­a­tive fac­tor that leads to poor brain func­tion;
  • when the body lacks nutri­ents and vit­a­mins, the brain def­i­nite­ly starts to work worse;
  • rush becomes the main cause of absent-mind­ed­ness, and absent-mind­ed­ness often leads to for­get­ful­ness.

Do not pan­ic if you feel that your mem­o­ry has sig­nif­i­cant­ly decreased. It is pos­si­ble that neg­a­tive process­es are not asso­ci­at­ed with seri­ous dis­eases, but are only tem­po­rary prob­lems, which are quick­ly elim­i­nat­ed by var­i­ous meth­ods.

How­ev­er, in the above ques­tion pri­mar­i­ly bet on age, because the cir­cum­stances of for­get­ful­ness in peo­ple of dif­fer­ent ages are com­plete­ly dif­fer­ent. Con­sid­er each life stage in order.

20 years

Many of us believe that bad mem­o­ry only occurs in sick or elder­ly peo­ple. How­ev­er, in mem­o­ry prob­lems at a young age.

Younger stu­dents suf­fer from for­get­ful­ness, because their men­tal activ­i­ty is forced to be filled with the edu­ca­tion­al process.

The edu­ca­tion­al process and gam­ing activ­i­ties are very dif­fi­cult to com­bine (only with the help of spe­cial tech­niques devel­oped by spe­cial­ists). And so it turns out that the child wants to play and run, but instead he has to learn poem or prob­lem solv­ing. Atten­tion becomes dis­tract­edand as a result, the verse does not lend itself to mem­o­riza­tion, and the task is also not solved.

Next comes teenage years. This time is com­ing hor­mon­al changes through­out the body. This fac­tor affects the men­tal state and brain func­tion. That is why teenagers become irri­ta­ble. Also restruc­tur­ing direct­ly affects mem­o­ry.

At an old­er age, most young peo­ple fac­ing the choice of his life path. They study a lot of edu­ca­tion­al mate­r­i­al and pre­pare for exams. Mem­o­ry is over­loaded, atten­tion becomes less sharp. That’s where the prob­lems come from.

30 years

Dur­ing this peri­od, a per­son is ful­ly formed as a per­son. He is busy build­ing a career, and this takes a lot of ener­gy.

There­fore, you should not pan­ic if you become absent-mind­ed and for­get to do the most basic things. Rest more often and let’s relax your ner­vous sys­tem.

Oth­er­wise, you may be affect­ed by such a prob­lem as psy­cho­so­mat­ics, and then your emo­tion­al expe­ri­ences will devel­op into phys­i­cal ail­ments.

40 years

Until the age of forty, a per­son con­tin­ues to lead an active lifestyle. At that time All peo­ple have dif­fer­ent dif­fi­cul­ties. that cause mem­o­ry loss. If the phys­i­cal exam­i­na­tion did not reveal any neg­a­tive fac­tors, then your prob­lems are not as seri­ous as they seem.

You may be expe­ri­enc­ing tem­po­rary dif­fi­cul­ties due to the fact that:

  • work takes too much time, and you do not have time to focus on the main tasks;
  • there is an addic­tion to bad habits;
  • expe­ri­enc­ing stress;
  • too pas­sion­ate about some­thing;
  • very much in love.

It should be not­ed that the fac­tors lead­ing to mem­o­ry prob­lems are not lim­it­ed to this list. There­fore, any­one at least some­times a per­son should look around and find the root of dif­fi­cul­ties in an inde­pen­dent way.

50 years

When a per­son approach­es the bor­der of a giv­en age and does not have any dis­eases, then his mem­o­ry is in good con­di­tion.

How­ev­er, there are fac­tors that can affect the dete­ri­o­ra­tion of brain activ­i­ty. For exam­ple, women at this age are prone to for­get­ful­ness due to the onset of menopause.

Involved in this process all com­po­nents of the body: both the cir­cu­la­to­ry sys­tem and hor­mones.

As a result of the above rea­sons, the nutri­tion of the brain in women is sig­nif­i­cant­ly reduced. Hor­mon­al changes lead to mood swings and ail­ments. There­fore, one should not be sur­prised that the fair sex at the age of fifty have dif­fi­cul­ty remem­ber­ing.

The male half may also expe­ri­ence some age-relat­ed changes. In some, they are more pro­nounced, while oth­ers do not expe­ri­ence dif­fi­cul­ties. It all depends on lifestyle and genet­ic pre­dis­po­si­tion.

In any case, peo­ple who have crossed the thresh­old of fifty must be pre­pared for var­i­ous patho­log­i­cal changes occur­ring in the body. They are direct sources of mem­o­ry prob­lems.

If you are at that age, try to exclude neg­a­tive fac­tors from your life: lack of sleep, bad habits, stress. To keep your mind at the prop­er lev­el, go in for sports and walk more in the fresh air.

60 years

At this age, thought process­es are sig­nif­i­cant­ly reduced due to aging. The brain can no longer process large amounts of infor­ma­tion mem­o­ry becomes less tena­cious, and atten­tion may be dis­tract­ed.

It should be not­ed that these process­es occur in the minds of not all peo­ple who have crossed the age of six­ty. Some peo­ple who lead an active lifestyle are still able to remem­ber infor­ma­tion at the prop­er lev­el.

This is facil­i­tat­ed by con­di­tions such as reg­u­lar exer­cise of intense brain activ­i­ty.

And if at the same time a per­son observes a cer­tain diet, goes in for sports, often rests in nature, then his life is no dif­fer­ent from the life of peo­ple who are younger.

If you do not have a seri­ous ill­ness, then some neg­a­tive changes in mem­o­ry are a nat­ur­al process, and not the onset of scle­ro­sis. So that for­get­ful­ness both­ers you, take care of your­self. Start train­ing your mem­o­ry and fol­low the sim­ple rules of a healthy lifestyle.

70 years old

In most cas­es at this age there is a sig­nif­i­cant aging of the body. If a per­son was not fond of var­i­ous heal­ing meth­ods or he has poor hered­i­ty, then he may be sus­cep­ti­ble to var­i­ous dis­eases. And first of all, mem­o­ry suf­fers here.

This is quite a com­mon occur­rence. Some elder­ly peo­ple suf­fer from var­i­ous dis­eases lead­ing to absent-mind­ed­ness and mem­o­ry loss. long estab­lished, that more than 15% of peo­ple who are over 70 suf­fer from cog­ni­tive loss and can­not recre­ate pre­vi­ous­ly accu­mu­lat­ed expe­ri­ence.

All this hap­pens against the back­ground of aging of blood ves­sels. They store cho­les­terol accu­mu­lat­ed by a per­son over the years.

The brain begins to “slow down”, the con­scious process is dis­turbed. The fol­low­ing obser­va­tions serve as proof of this.

For exam­ple, an elder­ly per­son remem­bers very well the events that hap­pened in his life at an ear­ly age. But to remem­ber what he ate yes­ter­day for din­ner, this per­son will no longer be able to.

This sug­gests that the atten­tion of an elder­ly indi­vid­ual is scat­tered due to poor brain func­tion. And we know that a per­son can remem­ber only the infor­ma­tion that aroused his inter­est.

80 years old

Patho­log­i­cal changes in mem­o­ry, even at such a late age, do not always occur due to the onset of old age. Often there are cas­es when even at this age a per­son shows good activ­i­ty in terms of brain activ­i­ty.

A major role in brain mal­func­tions play hered­i­ty and unwill­ing­ness to engage in men­tal stress.

For this rea­son At 80, mem­o­ry prob­lems can only get worse. And if this hap­pens, then the per­son needs to under­go an exam­i­na­tion and estab­lish the cause of gaps in mem­o­ry.

They can hap­pen due to:

  • head injuries;
  • var­i­ous sub­tle signs, such as insom­nia, men­tal attacks, dizzi­ness, faint­ing;
  • infec­tious dis­eases;
  • tak­ing drugs that have a neg­a­tive impact on health.

In addi­tion, dis­eases such as Parkin­son’s dis­ease, neo­plasms in the brain, and epilep­sy can occur in old­er peo­ple due to the fad­ing of the immune sys­tem.

Alzheimer’s dis­ease can be stopped there­fore, it is nec­es­sary to mon­i­tor the con­di­tion of their elder­ly rel­a­tives. If you notice signs of this prob­lem, it is nec­es­sary to start treat­ing the dis­ease imme­di­ate­ly. The doc­tor will pre­scribe treat­ment, and the pathol­o­gy will not go to the last stage.

In order for a per­son to live ful­ly, you need to care­ful­ly mon­i­tor his health. Try your best to push back the onset of demen­tia. Oth­er­wise, first there will be speech prob­lems, and lat­er senile demen­tia will lead a per­son to com­plete help­less­ness.

How to improve?

Before start­ing mem­o­ry exer­cis­es, it is nec­es­sary to know what types of mem­o­ry are inher­ent in the human brain. We will study each of them sep­a­rate­ly and con­sid­er rec­om­men­da­tions for improve­ment.


Visu­al images are capa­ble of retain­ing and repro­duc­ing in the minds of visu­al mem­o­ry.

If you think that you have a poor mem­o­ry for faces or you can­not quick­ly nav­i­gate in the right direc­tion, despite the fact that the route is famil­iar to you, then your visu­al mem­o­ry is “lame”.

There­fore, you should learn about some ways to improve it. In this vari­ant, act accord­ing to the prin­ci­ple of “a wedge knocks out a wedge.”

Try despite the dif­fi­cul­ties look close­ly at peo­ple’s faces that you meet along the way. In the evening before going to bed, repro­duce in your mind the images of those passers-by who impressed you

The fol­low­ing tech­nique will help devel­op a good mem­o­ry. Start learn­ing whole sets of num­bers. For exam­ple, mem­o­rize the brands, col­ors and num­bers of cars of all your friends. Hav­ing met a famil­iar num­ber on a car, com­pare it with oth­er data and remem­ber the name of the own­er (if you don’t know a per­son close­ly, then remem­ber in which entrance he lives and on what floor).

Such an activ­i­ty does not take time due to the fact that per­formed auto­mat­i­cal­ly — when you go about your busi­ness.


Respon­si­ble for the mem­o­riza­tion and preser­va­tion of audi­to­ry images audi­to­ry mem­o­ry. For her train­ing, you can choose the fol­low­ing exer­cise. Need to focus and lis­ten to a record­ing of a piece sev­er­al times. Then post­pone the les­son. After some time, do the same exer­cise again.

After these manip­u­la­tions try to retell what you heard by heart. Does not work? Keep prac­tic­ing until you suc­ceed.

Hav­ing learned a work, pro­ceed to the next one, grad­u­al­ly com­pli­cat­ing the texts.


Mem­o­riza­tion of com­plex move­ments is con­trolled by motor (motor) mem­o­ry. If you can’t grasp how a wash­ing machine turns on, then you need to devel­op that kind of mem­o­ry. The best way to devel­op it is through var­i­ous video games.

And remem­ber that gamers are dis­tin­guished by such abil­i­ties as devel­oped hand-eye coor­di­na­tion.


Mem­o­ry, which helps to nav­i­gate in space, called spa­tial. To main­tain it, you must per­form the fol­low­ing exer­cise. On the way to work, try to take dif­fer­ent routes. Nec­es­sar­i­ly mem­o­rize all the items that you meet along the way. They will guide you as you return. Grad­u­al­ly, the mem­o­ry will be restored, and you will begin to cor­rect­ly nav­i­gate the ter­rain.


There is also emo­tion­al mem­o­ry. It stores var­i­ous expe­ri­ences and joy­ful moments that have occurred in a per­son­’s life.

In most cas­es, this type is not worth devel­op­ing. Any indi­vid­ual can remem­ber the good life moments with ease, but it is bet­ter not to remem­ber the bad, neg­a­tive fac­tors.


Respon­si­ble for var­i­ous infer­ences ver­bal-log­i­cal mem­o­ry. To devel­op it, you it is nec­es­sary to read a lot of sci­en­tif­ic and jour­nal­is­tic lit­er­a­ture.

Very well devel­oped men­tal activ­i­ty quotes and thoughts of famous peo­ple. But it is impor­tant to cor­rect­ly under­stand and com­pre­hend the text being read.

What to do if a child has a bad memory?

If a child is per­fect­ly healthy, then in prin­ci­ple he can­not have a bad mem­o­ry.

And if there are prob­lems, then they can be elim­i­nat­ed as fol­lows.

  • Talk to your child more. Let him tell you about his affairs in all details. This is the best mem­o­ry train­ing.
  • Read books with your child before bed and then ask the kid to retell the sto­ries they like the most. So you calm your child and tune in the right way.
  • You can play with words. Name 10 words and ask them to repeat them. Make the exer­cise hard­er every day. You can use whole sen­tences for this.
  • Do mind­ful­ness exer­cis­es. For this, enter­tain­ing pic­tures called “Find 10 Dif­fer­ences” or oth­er sim­i­lar exer­cis­es are suit­able.
  • From child­hood, feed your child with envi­ron­men­tal­ly friend­ly prod­ucts, fol­low his reg­i­men and give vit­a­mins.


The best way to improve your mem­o­ry is to start using it. So try this:

  • when you read a sto­ry visu­al­ize all heroes and their envi­ron­ment;
  • use the asso­ci­a­tions method: think of what you asso­ciate with the smell, object, word;
  • use Cicero’s method: cre­ate a room in your thoughts and arrange imag­i­nary things in it.

Leave a Reply