It is enough for some people to look at the text a couple of times, and they already know it by heart. Others can sit for hours over a book, but not remember a word, and then remember for a long time where they put it last time. In the peculiarities of human memory, much is still unclear to specialists, much has not been studied, and therefore inexplicable. And if our memory plays its games with us, why not give it a decent answer? In this article we will tell you which games contribute to the development of our memory.
Our brain, like our body, needs constant training. Including physical activity. However, to improve memory, there is little exercise in the gym. The brain, like the body, needs to be constantly in good shape. To improve its work and improve memory mechanisms, special games are used, which are called so — for the development of memory. Their great number — from chess known from the most ancient times to popular at the end of the last century «Monopolies».
Crosswords, puzzles, sudoku are also suitable. There are also many educational offers on the Internet on online platforms for both children and adults. In addition, there is a whole a number of programs created specifically for the development of memory. Among them are the counting rhymes known to each of us since childhood, and modern ideas that specialists have worked on using the methods of mathematical programming.
In this variety, one should not forget about the usual tools for developing memory. Such as books, for example. After reading a particular be sure to share your impressions of what you read. And do this after you have closed the book, as well as after some time. The same applies to watched movies, cartoons, and so on.
Features of logic games for improving and developing memory lie in their mechanism of action. Most are aimed at developing and improving long-term memory. In the gameplay, the stages of fixing images occur unobtrusively, as if by themselves. This provides a long-term effect.
Constant training of memory mechanisms based on the creation of figurative and logical connections ensures that memory will not fail even when age-related changes begin.
Review of games for the development of children’s memory
There are many games to improve memory. You can train her both in special classes on didactic materials with the help of a teacher or parents, and with the help of a variety of logical or intellectual computer games. You can train your child’s brain, for example, by starting a word memorization game with him.
One of the options is a game in which you need to complete the following task — to continue the sentence «We went to the store and bought there …». Next, say the name of one purchase. For example, mother says the word «bread». The child needs to name both “bread” and another purchase after that, for example, “toy”. Mom already lists both, and adds one more product, for example, «ball». The list is constantly growing, and the participant in the game must name all the goods named before. The loser is the one who makes a mistake in the sequence.
Another variation of this game has real uses. Send your child out shopping. To begin with, let him remember a list of two or three items, then increase the “grocery basket”. This is good for both memory and vocabulary. The “thimbles” common in the late 90s are not only a way to enrich cheaters, but also a very useful thing for developing memory. Take several plastic cups, hide a small bright toy or button under one of them in front of the child, and then stir the cups without lifting them. Ask the child to remember where the «treasure» is located.
And here’s another one name memory ball game: knocking the ball on the floor with the words “I remember five names of girls (boys) — Liza — one, Tatyana — two”, the task of each next participant is to name those previously voiced by previous players before coming up with their own name.
It’s no secret that children want to touch everything with their own hands, so why not take advantage of this for the development of tactile memory. For example, you can place on the same surface pieces of different materials, pile, wool, plastic, wood, and so on. The next task of the child is to determine by touch what kind of material it is and name it. Each game is aimed at the development of both memory in general and its individual types in particular.
The last described game is quite suitable for the development of sensory memory, which works on the echoes of the senses. The information received is most often stored for a short time and is soon replaced by some other. Ask the child to describe his feelings more often, let it be a story about going to the park, kindergarten, school.
This is very important not only for the formation of sensory memory, but also for expanding horizons and vocabulary.
For its development, one of the most effective methods is to create different atmospheres with the help of sounds. Record on a voice recorder or download various sounds of nature, cars, aircraft, animals to a computer or phone. Explain to the child what it means and where this or that sound comes from, do it in a playful way, and then put on the record. The child’s task is to guess who or what makes this or that sound.
In order to teach a child to remember colors, images, letters and numbers, there are also various games. Collect in one big pile all the buttons and mosaics that are in the house. Child task — disassemble this variety by colors. Thus, the names of colors will be well remembered, and fine motor skills will develop, and, accordingly, speech will develop. Exercises for memorizing images and their sequences train mindfulness.
It helps the child develop coordination, and therefore, be more mobile, dexterous. To improve it, the following exercise is suitable, reminiscent of a small physical education lesson. Show the movements and ask the child to repeat them. You can play «Crocodiles», the essence of the game comes down to the fact that you need to show an object or animal with gestures without making a sound. The rest of the players must guess who or what exactly the child is showing.
These games are best played outdoors. This will have a double benefit.
This is the memory of sensations — joy, sadness, happiness, grief, fear, grief and other emotions.. Therefore, for its development, it is necessary to use not only games, but also show as much empathy as possible while communicating with the child. Say nice words to him, praise, encourage, tell him how much you love him and thus give a feeling of joy.
However, it is also necessary for adults. After all, it is loneliness and lack of attention from others that often causes memory problems. And to solve them, you can also resort to games specially designed for this.
First of all, these are board games. Checkers, chess, dominoes, backgammon will make your brain work. During the game, you will not only think through the moves, but also carefully monitor the actions of your opponent. The development of memory will contribute to the memorization of objects located on the game board.
There are also card games. Poker and preference are excellent options that make you not only think logically, but also solve questions in psychology. They teach to concentrate attention, to control emotions. And don’t despair if you can’t find an opponent in the game yet. All these and many other games that develop memory can be played virtually. There are many such offers on the Internet.
There is also an option that does not require a partner in the game. Try mentally flipping the words backwards. First, try short ones, for example, “grass”, in this case it should turn out “avart”.
Make things harder every day. The main thing is not to be lazy.
Laziness as a phenomenon must be excluded from your life, like other bad habits. Drinking alcohol, smoking adversely affect not only the body as a whole, but also memory in particular. You need to sleep at least 8-9 hours a day. Particular attention should be paid to food. Include at least a few of the dozens of “magic” foods that help preserve memory in your daily menu.
Here is a small list of them.
- Seeds and nuts. They are rich in vitamins A, B, E, as well as fatty acids, amino acids and essential oils.
- Fatty fish (mackerel, tuna, salmon, herring). It contains very useful fatty acids, in particular, Omega-3. And in other seafood, even in seaweed, there is a lot of zinc, phosphorus, magnesium and iodine, which are useful for brain development and memory training.
- Dried fruits (especially dried apricots). They contain iron and vitamin C, which stimulate the brain.
- Pomegranates and cranberries. They are useful not only for blood vessels, but also for the whole organism. These are pantries of antioxidants, which, in turn, are very successful in fighting free radicals.
- Milk. It is rich in vitamin B12, which develops the ability to better remember information.
- Spinach, lettuce, broccoli and Brussels sprouts. They are famous for their rich composition, in particular, they contain a lot of folic acid, iron, and also vitamins C, E, K, as well as carotenoids, thanks to these elements brain cell metabolism is established.
- beans. They contain minerals, proteins, fiber and vitamins that provide the brain with energy.
This list goes on and on: olive oil, beef liver, oysters, blueberries, blackberries and blueberries, lemon and apples, honey, green tea, cocoa and dark chocolate, rosemary and even garlic, which speeds up blood circulation, thereby helping the brain in time get oxygen and work faster.
Free your mind from negative thoughts. Walk more, communicate with people who are pleasant for you, visit interest clubs, museums, exhibitions and theaters. And be sure to include in your daily routine at least short physical education classes or just walk more. Many people like jogging. But before loading yourself with one or another physical activity, be sure to consult your doctor. Only he can determine the physical activity available to you.
By the way, about the daily routine. Its experts also recommend changing from time to time, as well as favorite routes. Try to walk to a public transport stop not in the usual way, but on a new road. And in general, walk more in the fresh air to improve cerebral circulation.
Compliance with such simple recommendations, or at least some of them, will help improve memory, restore what has been lost.