Memory and attention training

Problems with memory and attention are relevant both for children and adolescents, and for adults. Most often, their cause is a lack of training, so regular exercise will help significantly improve concentration and memory ability. From the article you will learn about the most effective methods for developing memory and attention at any age.

How to improve adults?

Memory and attention training are different — often the same exercises help improve both concentration and memory — these two brain functions are inextricably linked.

Memory and attention inevitably decline in adulthood, but science knows memory techniques and concentration techniques that will lead to noticeable improvements.

If you want to develop these qualities, the following methods can help you.

  • Learning foreign languages: they are now needed for work and travel, and they also allow you to perfectly develop your ability to memorize — choose the language that you need or are interested in. It is important to practice every day, otherwise it will not be of any use to the memory. Make it a rule to learn 5-10 new words a day. Work with them, apply them in simple sentences, learn new ones and gradually increase your vocabulary: pay attention to pronunciation and spelling.
  • The Pythagoras exercise is considered effective for the development of memory and attention for adults. Every evening you should remember in as much detail as possible everything that happened to you over the past day: it is strongly recommended to write it down — to keep a kind of diary. It is very important, when compiling such records, to remember everything sequentially and not to jump from one event to another. Get in the habit of rereading what you have written in the morning so you can remember more information at once. Over time, start rereading not only the entries about yesterday, but also, for example, entries for the whole week.
  • For memory and attention, it can also be very useful to memorize poems. Poems are different, and you can choose the right ones for you — it is important that the task causes difficulties, but is feasible. If your memory is really bad, take a short simple poem. If a few stanzas are easy for you, you can take on part of the poem. In such classes, it is extremely important that the poems are not forgotten immediately after class: try to remember them during the day, repeat them after a few days or after a week.
  • If you love to read, but notice that you do not remember the content well, you can improve your memory by retelling what you read. Try to read a few pages, and then reproduce the content of what was written in as much detail as possible. Over time, increase the number of pages for retelling, but do not reduce the length of your story — it should be as detailed as possible. Try to retell the content of what you read immediately after reading, in a few days, in a week.
  • Try board or online games to develop concentration and memory. Now there are all kinds of tables, crossword puzzles, computer games aimed specifically at attention and memory. So you can have fun and exercise. The advantage of games is that you don’t have to allocate separate time for them in the middle of the day: you can study with your phone or with a piece of paper while riding public transport or standing in line.
  • For the development of memory and attention can help mnemonics is a set of simple techniques that make it easier to remember large amounts of information. These techniques are mostly based on the convenient structuring of knowledge or on the search for successful associations. For numerical information, associations are usually used: for example, you can associate numbers with the dates of birth of your friends, phone numbers you know, the number of rooms or floors in your house. If non-numeric information is required to be remembered, a categorization method can be used for this.


Unsystematic facts are difficult to assimilate, so you need to divide them into interconnected groups and blocks.


Exercises for children


It is also very important for children of preschool and school age to develop both attention and memory — these qualities are necessary for them to succeed in their studies. There are all kinds of programs to reduce attention deficit — including gaming techniques. It is very important to be able to interest the child in activities and regularly devote time to training to increase cognitive abilities. All methods are effective only if you manage to do at least a little, but every day. Problems with attention and memory in children can be solved in the following ways.

  • Read fairy tales to children and discuss them together later. Motivate the child to remember the content of the tale, details and details as much as possible. Ask probing questions to help you remember what you read. You can draw up a thesis plan according to which the child will have to retell the tale. Pay attention to the fact that the child does not forget the content too quickly: ask him to answer questions on the content after a few days and a week after reading. Increase the number of pages over time.
  • Try asking your child questions before reading the text — This exercise is especially effective for concentration. If the child is focused on finding answers to specific questions, he will listen more carefully and notice the little things. Try to keep the questions not about the main storyline, but about the details that are secondary to the plot. This method will not only help turn reading into an interesting game, but will positively affect the development of attention and interest the child in literature.
  • Learn poems with your child — it is both useful for memory and for attention. Children often confuse stanzas with each other, because they coincide in rhythm: it is necessary to ensure that the child carefully understands the content of the poem and does not miss anything important. You can take long verses and learn them in parts — for example, add one stanza every day. However, it is important to start each lesson by repeating the entire poem in order to train long-term memory.
  • Children will certainly enjoy all kinds of play techniques. Use cartoons or toys to develop their attention and memory. Encourage them to memorize the plots of their favorite cartoons and programs in great detail — let them remember how the characters are dressed and what they say. You can sit toys on the table and ask for a few seconds to remember their position relative to each other, and then turn away and retell.
  • Keeping a diary can be fun for kids too.. Try to implement the Pythagorean exercise with them.
  • Computer educational games or applications for smartphones will also be useful and will be able to interest children.

There are many multimedia games aimed at improving attention and memory for children of all ages — from simple to quite complex games.


How to train the memory of the elderly?


In old age, memory inevitably fails, and concentration becomes worse. To fight these processes, training is simply necessary. Mindfulness and memory skills can be trained with the help of simple techniques and tasks — they will help strengthen memory and increase concentration.

  • Try to quickly look around the room for a few seconds, and then go out and write down in as much detail as possible what objects are in the room and how they are located relative to each other.. Such a game will help you learn to remember better — over time, you will be able to list items in more detail. To make things harder, ask family members to deliberately arrange familiar household items in a different order. Give yourself these memory tasks every day.
  • Learn famous people and interesting historical facts with dates. Read them several times, make yourself cards with names and dates, try to match them. When the first successes appear, complicate the classes and take more names and dates. Such a game will not only be a memory training, but will also help improve your erudition. You can take names and facts from the category of general knowledge or from specific areas that interest you.
  • Memorize new routes while walking around the city. Try to memorize the number of houses, their color, location, presence of shops, traffic lights and intersections in as much detail as possible. Very often, older people are poorly oriented in the area — this is one of the consequences of a deterioration in memory and attention. This problem can be solved with regular practice: if you consciously try to remember roads and streets, over time it will come easy.
  • Develop fine motor skills — it is very important for brain function and for the development of attention and memory. Knitting, modeling and other needlework is not only exciting, but also useful.
  • Try to learn new things for yourself. Learn how to use a computer if you’re not good at it, start reading non-fiction in a field you don’t know, or find a new hobby.

It is new things that stimulate the development of new neural connections that do not allow the brain to grow old. And for the development of a new business, memory and attention will be useful — so you will inevitably train.

Useful gymnastics


Not only mental exercises are useful for memory and attention. Fine motor skills are directly related to the work of the brain — improving it, you can develop cognitive abilities. And any physical exercise can also affect the brain. Try the following techniques.

Finger

Finger gymnastics will always be useful for the development of fine motor skills. It’s no secret that finger movements are connected with the work of our brain, and the more skillfully we can make small precise movements with our fingers, the better the brain feels. To stimulate memory improvement, you can make animal figures from your fingers, try to unbend or bend them, resisting with the second hand, try to bend one finger, leaving the rest in a static position.

It is unlikely that the development of fine motor skills alone will be enough to seriously improve memory, but in parallel with other activities, this will be of great help.

Kinesiology exercises

These exercises involve all muscle groups — during physical exertion, our body sends certain signals to the brain that can stimulate mental activity. Such exercises are different and suitable for people of any age.

The simplest thing is stretching, try to exercise every day, trying to stretch the muscles, but not overdo it — it is better to do this after a normal charge and not bring yourself to severe pain. Another simple kinesiology exercise is to stretch in a standing position and strain all the muscles, and then completely relax. You need to do this in several ways. Finally, Breathing exercises can also help — for example, breathe alternately through different nostrils, closing the other with your fingers.


Fingers


These are brain development exercises that are performed with one finger — they are aimed at coordinating the two hemispheres. Their essence is to perform different movements with the fingers on the right and on the left hand. The simplest fingering is to connect the little finger with the thumb on one hand, and the thumb with the index finger on the other. After that, it is necessary to successively change fingers — on one hand moving from the little finger to the index finger, on the other — vice versa. Exercises are best done regularly, speed and accuracy are important in them — at first it is better to do them slowly, but correctly, and increase the pace over time.

Recommendations

Good memory and attention are important at work, in school, and at home. The problem of deterioration in the ability to remember, as well as difficulties with concentration, are relevant for adults and children at any age. There are many methods to improve your memory and attention, including psychology, but it is important to remember the general points that will affect the effectiveness of classes.

  • First of all, regularity is very important. — if you start skipping classes, being lazy and returning to the exercises once a week, there will be no point in them. Even if you have a very busy schedule, you can find a few minutes a day for training — their duration is not as important as regularity and consistency. When classes become a habit, it will be much easier for you, and you will achieve results faster. To motivate yourself, choose a technique that will be pleasant and interesting for you.
  • Motivate yourself to succeed. If you only do easy tasks without striving to strain your mind, there will be no results. When you feel that the exercise does not cause any problems, complicate it. Let large amounts of information cause errors and hitches, but this is how you will learn. It is difficult tasks that will bring you a sense of satisfaction when you notice how your memory and attention have improved.
  • Don’t stop exercising when you start to see the first improvements. This state must be maintained, and there are no limits to the development of memory and attention.


Try at least sometimes to return to game exercises or mnemonics in order to maintain a good memory and concentration for a long time.


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