How to memorize everything quickly?

In the life of every person there are moments when it is simply necessary to remember something as quickly as possible. The issue of assimilation of large amounts of information for schoolchildren and students is especially relevant. Today, the Internet is literally replete with the methods of various specialists with recommendations on how to quickly memorize everything, where you can choose the best option depending on the personal characteristics of a person.

What are the types of memory?

Memory can be either voluntary or involuntary. Involuntarily, information is remembered with strong impressions or interest, as well as something unusual or new. That is, what arouses interest in a person is remembered by itself. Arbitrary memory is activated when willpower is applied — this is logical thinking, memorization.

The reasons for poor memory can be as follows.

  • Lack of interest in an area that needs to be learned.
  • Low concentration, lack of attention management skills. This feature is typical for modern society, which daily filters the flows of unnecessary information. The process, which has become a habit, complicates the development of mastery of the material as a whole.
  • Lack of attention skills. Memory needs to be developed throughout our lives.
  • Physiological factors — such as beriberi and the lack of fresh air can significantly impair the memory ability of the brain.
  • depression.

memorization techniques


The most common method is thoughtful reading or insight. In this way, it is convenient to memorize small amounts of information. For large texts, you will need to first break the material into parts. The procedure will be like this.

  • Slow, careful reading. Mostly aloud. We define the essence and main idea of ​​information.
  • If the material is divided into parts, then we comprehend each part separately and determine the keywords in each.
  • We manually rewrite the material on paper, delving into the essence.
  • Retelling of what has been written.
  • We rewrite what we remember.
  • Again, we reread the entire amount of information in full and retell it.

«edge effect» German psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus is based on the fact that a person quickly remembers information that is at the beginning and end of the text. This method helps to quickly memorize the most difficult and incomprehensible moments of the material. To do this, you need to select such fragments and try to learn them first or last.

Another method is called the «Ebbinghaus curve». The scientist built a special technique so that you can remember the information for a long time. The basis is repetition of material at certain intervals: the first time — immediately after reading, the second — after 20 minutes, the third — after 8 hours, the fourth — a day after the third repetition.


Physicist R. Feynman proposed this algorithm based on the advantage of explaining complex material in simple terms.. It really makes the process of memorization much easier. The principle of the so-called Feynman method is as follows:

  • thesis writing out the necessary information;
  • complex fragments should be written in simple words without complex sentences and concepts;
  • all the material is assembled into a text so that a primary school student (about 8 years old) can understand it.


Rereading or listening to such a text, a person easily absorbs the material and notices possible gaps in knowledge. As a test, you can ask for help from a friend, relative, or the same child if he is interested in the topic. The listener can and should even ask questions and ask for clarification on certain points. If it is not possible to clearly explain the material, then it is worth understanding the topic in more detail. You can also write explanations. Particular attention in such cases is given to the most confusing and illogical points.


interference method acts like this. Similar memories have the ability to mix and lead to unreliable information. Similar information is best taught in different rooms (or different settings) and at different times. Similar information blocks should be interleaved with completely different ones.


You can learn to summarize the material you read in simple and understandable words. Or create graphic drawings, each of which will contain the meaning of a particular information block.


Ways


There are 3 main ways to memorize the necessary material.

  1. Rational memorization. This method involves the use of logical memory. When mastering the information, the process of its awareness takes place, which greatly simplifies the memorization of the material. Rational memorization not only helps memorization, but also contributes to the training of the intellect. This method of memorization includes highlighting micro-themes in the material, determining the meaning of each sub-topic, drawing up plans, establishing a logical connection between the selected topics.
  2. Method of mnemotechnical memorization. A very unusual and useful technique that can save a person from forgetfulness, increase everyday memorization. The method is based on memorization, starting from life experience, by translating information into familiar images. It is so easy to learn large amounts of material that does not carry a semantic load. For example, address, telephone numbers.
  3. mechanical memory method. This is the usual cramming of the material. The method is the most popular, but less effective. Such memorization can easily fail, confuse, especially at the slightest hesitation in voicing jagged material. With age, the ability to mechanical memorization is significantly reduced.

In more detail it is worth considering the mnemonic method. There are actually a lot of such techniques, which makes it possible to choose any one to your taste and according to the characteristics of a person. Also, mnemonics allow you to quickly master foreign languages ​​and voluminous texts. The main mnemonic techniques are as follows.

  • Chain. The pieces of information that need to be remembered are linked together by associations. So, we connect the first fragment with the second, the second with the third and so on. Fragments should have approximately the same volume.
  • Matryoshka. The reception is similar to the previous one, but each subsequent block of information has a smaller volume and is included in the previous one.
  • Cicero’s method. Reception involves the creation of a chain of reference images. By memorizing them, a person is able to subsequently reproduce all the information. It is worth noting that the images should be very bright and memorable.
  • Free associations are similar to Cicero’s method, but only the images should be spontaneous, and not logically conditioned.
  • Pictogram method. For such a technique, it is necessary to compose a letter composed of symbols denoting the meaning of sentences or phrases.
  • Multi-digit numbers and numbers can be remembered by division into pairs of numbers, with which certain dates or events may be associated.


Various mnemonic methods can overlap, which helps to achieve the best results in memory training. And the creation of images and associations is especially good for its development.


Helpful Hints


There are 11 more simple and effective secrets for quickly memorizing material.

  1. When reading, it is worth highlighting the main points and significant words in the text with a bright marker.
  2. Sing the text of the material to any motive you like or read it in the manner of a prose poem.
  3. Reading information must be continued until it is fully understood.
  4. Reading text aloud with expression is more likely to focus on important passages.
  5. Rewriting the text of the material with another (uncomfortable) hand.
  6. Involvement of a partner (assistant) for training.
  7. Record the text on a voice recorder and listen to it periodically.
  8. Interval repetition of material at different time intervals.
  9. Take a break every 20 minutes of memorization.
  10. It is best to transfer the memorization of the material to another time if you feel unwell.
  11. When tired, short sleep is recommended to increase the efficiency of the brain.

You always need to train your memory. You can use even the most primitive ways and methods, as they are able to keep brain activity in good shape.

Such classes will be especially useful in pairs with young children, stimulating both participants to simplify and better understand the information.


Оставьте комментарий

Ваш адрес email не будет опубликован.