In the life of each person, it may be necessary to remember some information. This may be the content of educational literature, a speech for an important event, a theatrical role, or something else. You can not do without memory training when learning a foreign language.
However, this should not be scary. There are many effective techniques that make it easy to memorize texts of any size. You just need to familiarize yourself with each of them and choose the option that suits you.
Memorizing various texts can help not only in specific situations, but also in later life. This is an excellent memory training that develops the intellect, makes a person more quick-witted, resourceful.
Specialists distinguish visual and auditory memory. Each type develops differently in different people. Some people find it easier to remember text when they speak it out loud. Others need information visualization. Therefore, it is worth trying different methods of memorization and identifying which one is right for you. In some cases, a combination of different techniques works best. This option is also welcome. The main thing is to understand what the text is about, to identify the main idea and theses.
But mindless memorization of the material is usually ineffective. Even if you manage to memorize the text without realizing its meaning, at any moment you can stumble, get distracted by something. After that, it will be difficult to continue the presentation of the material from the place where you left off.
In addition, in most people the ability to rote memorization is well developed only in childhood, and then gradually deteriorates.
Quick Memorization Methods
Consider effective ways to quickly and permanently memorize information in more detail.
Recording what we learn
The first method is writing. Both visual memory is involved here (since you see the words that appear on paper), and muscle memory (the movements of the hand that writes down the phrases are also deposited in the mind).
At first, you should slowly and carefully read all the information and highlight the key points. Can be read aloud. Then you need to take a sheet of paper and rewrite the text by hand. Do it without haste. It is important to delve into the essence of each sentence that you write.
When all the material is on paper, retell what you remember. You don’t have to look at the sheet. This can be done 1-2 times at most. Then again take a blank sheet and write down on it what you managed to remember. Reread what you wrote and retell it again. The procedure can be repeated several times.
This technique is easy to learn. To get started you need read the text and highlight the main ideas. Then each important point should be depicted graphically. Do it at your convenience. It can be a realistic drawing, a drawing, a set of symbols, or an abstract image.
The quality of the drawing doesn’t matter. The main thing is to make it clear to you what is depicted on paper, and what each graphic element is associated with. In this case, it is better not to do inscriptions. Try to express everything in images.
If there are several images, their sequence should correspond to the course of the main idea of the text. You can try to combine all the pictures into one, creating a general graphic description of the article. Such an associative image will remain in memory for a long time.
You can not immediately start drawing, but first read the entire text in full. If this is not a book, but sheets printed on a printer or information in electronic form, it is advisable to highlight key ideas in bright colors.
You can also make notes on separate sheets, placing them in the margins. Perhaps this will help you create a visualization of what you read.
Division into parts
If the volume of material is large, it can be divided into several parts. Each passage should be taught separately, using any of the techniques described above. You can just read aloud and repeat if this method is more convenient for you.. It is permissible to divide into parts and medium-sized texts. In this case, if you give one passage, for example, a minute, you can absorb the entire amount of information in 5 minutes.
If you need to learn the text by heart, you can use an interesting reminder technique. This method can be used if you have enough time to memorize the material. You will need to devote quite a bit of time to this during the day, doing your usual household chores, but the result will pleasantly surprise you.
In this case, the text is also divided into parts. Each passage is written by hand or printed on a piece of paper. Then these notes are hung around the house. Try to place the leaflets in the places you visit or see most often: in the bathroom, on the refrigerator, on the mirror, above the kitchen sink. So you will return your thoughts to the text being studied while brushing your teeth, washing dishes and other things. In this case, the information will be securely fixed in the mind.
You can not rewrite the entire text, but mark key phrases on paper. Looking at the sheet, you will remember the entire passage that applies to the highlighted sentence.
How to remember text in a foreign language?
The most difficult is memorizing foreign texts. Here a special approach is needed. For example, you can read what you want to learn aloud, recording everything on a voice recorder. Then during the day you can listen to the recording on the audio player. This can be done not only at home, but also on the street, in public transport, public institutions.
Of course, it is not enough just to listen to the material. You should think about it, mentally repeat it, periodically pressing the pause. It is advisable to translate the text in advance in order to understand the meaning of all sentences, and not memorize words you do not understand. This method can also be used to memorize material in the native language.
In conclusion, it is worth giving some valuable recommendations to all who wants to make the process of memorizing texts fast and productive.
- Empirically, experts have determined the best time to memorize new information. According to scientific data, this is 3-4 hours before bedtime and 3-4 hours after getting up in the morning. Although, of course, you can also study at other times of the day.
- Create a calm atmosphere for learning and memorizing the material. It is desirable that the room be quiet. Turn off the TV, radio. Do not be distracted by the Internet, correspondence in social networks. External stimuli should not interfere with the process. An exception can be made to those people who, on the contrary, concentrate better under quiet background music. Of course, these should be melodies without words.
- Be sure to take breaks. You can’t study from morning to evening. You will only create unnecessary stress for your body, and the information will be confused in your mind. Do not forget to eat, breathe fresh air, warm up, do exercises. After short breaks, you can return to work with renewed vigor. In this case, the process will be much more efficient.
- Complete sleep — Another important condition for a good assimilation of information. It is better to go to bed in the evening and continue to study in the morning than to sit all night drinking liters of coffee. Rest will not only keep you feeling good, but it will also give your brain a chance to process the information it has received and prepare to receive new information.
- If there is a summary and a plan before the article, do not ignore them. It will take a couple of minutes to study this information, but it will immediately give an idea of the main theses, the general idea of \u200b\u200bwritten.
- If verbatim memorization is not necessary, you can concentrate on the middle part of the material.. Usually, there is little specific and important information at the beginning and end of the text. As a rule, these are only introductory words and logical conclusions.
- If you are one of those people who perceive information better by ear, read without expression. It is important to pronounce words clearly. In this case, muscle memory (lip movement) is connected. As for intonation, it will only distract you from the meaning.
- If possible, start learning the material not at the last moment, but in advance. It is better to finish the process a couple of days before the speech (exam, report). This way you can break up the information into several parts so that there is an optimal number of pages for each day, and on the eve of a crucial event, you can pay special attention to repeating the most difficult sections and restoring the overall structure of the article to memory.
- If you will be speaking in public, practice speaking in front of a mirror. Imagine that you are already in front of the audience, connect facial expressions, gestures. This will help reduce the excitement and tension during the performance. You will no longer be distracted by how to present yourself to the audience and fully focus on the text.