Has it ever happened to you that you read the text, but did not really remember anything? How many students and schoolchildren have come across this — you need to read a large amount of information and (ideally) remember at least 80 percent of it. But the brain refuses. But there are special techniques that will help you remember what you read, if not completely, then a lot of the text. Having mastered them, you will never again worry about what you read — it will itself be deposited in your head!
There are basic techniques that allow you to remember what you read.
- Understanding. A person remembers only what he understood. As soon as he caught the idea embedded in the text, the beginning of the memorization process has already been laid. To check, it is enough to retell the content in other words. If you succeeded, then you remember what you wrote.
- Intention. A person remembers what he decided to fix in memory. The main thing is the desire to put aside in your memory what you need. If it is, then the process of fixing information in memory will be successful.
- Cramming. This is perhaps the oldest method. It requires significant effort from a person, a lot of time and does not always give the desired result. However, if a person does not just memorize large pieces of text, but reads thoughtfully, critically comprehends it, draws up a plan or summary, and then reinforces what he has read by repetition, the chance of successful memorization greatly increases.
- Consistency. This method is good when you need to remember a large number of dates. It is necessary to come up with a system for them, thanks to which it will be for you to understand, comprehend, and therefore remember what you read. Structure the text, then it will be much easier to fix it in memory in blocks.
- Associations. Try to come up with something like a «binding» to the information that is to be remembered. Then each definition will evoke certain associations in your memory, thanks to which you will remember the text.
The memorization sequence consists of 6 steps.
- Evaluation of what needs to be stored in memory, highlighting the purpose of reading. At this stage, it is important to understand the complexity of the text.
- Choosing the Right Reading Technique depending on what goal you are pursuing.
- Determining important facts, memorizing the necessary. Search for associations, connecting details that are necessary to fix what has been read in memory.
- Formation of records by text. The use of own abbreviations, signs, words to convey thoughts. At this stage, you can use any technique that helps you — a «tree» of ideas, building diagrams, identifying relationships, etc. Recording is one of the most important reserves for awakening memory. Reading them later, you will be able to restore almost the entire text in your head.
- Repetition. This can be done by forming questions on the text, retelling the text based on the notes made. It is better to retell not at once, but after several days after the formation of the records.
- Application of knowledge — final stage. Every knowledge needs to be used.
The more often you use it, the better you remember it.
One thing must be remembered — in no case should you learn or memorize something really important in a hurry, panic, stress, nervousness.
If possible, provide yourself with silence, peace, good light. To remember everything quickly and correctly, you need to tune in to fruitful work — sleep, relax, get rid of unnecessary thoughts and experiences. Don’t try to do everything quickly. Yes, you can memorize something in the first half hour, but with a high probability you will forget it just as quickly.
Take your time. Everything you have to remember should be read slowly and thoughtfully. Reading comprehension is very important.a thoughtless desire to read as much as possible in the shortest possible time will not give absolutely no benefit — you will remember the text poorly, and the perception of what you read will be difficult.
Surprisingly, the notes of two people who listened to the same lecture or read the same textbooks differ. Because all people are different, they formulate, think and reason differently. It has long been noted that a student who has his own summary in his hands orients himself in it better and more freely than if he has another person’s summary, even if it is very similar. This once again proves the importance of personal notes in the course of what is heard, read, seen.
The abstract is what seemed important to one particular person, which is why he will easily remember what he thought, what he felt and even what he did when he wrote it.
Memory, like any feeling or state of a person, can be improved and trained. The less you make her tense up, the weaker she becomes. There are a lot of techniques for training memory, however, the following options are still the most effective:
- poems learned by heart, preferably little-known and difficult to remember;
- learn one word a day in different languages: say, «scissors» — in English, German, Polish, Swedish and Spanish;
- learn foreign languages;
- read encyclopedias and reference books, memorize information, etc.
Personal notes are something that people often forget while reading. But this method is nothing more than a written fixation of the main idea. You can underline the wording you like or write it out in a notebook specially designed for this. Later, looking at your notes, you will be able to recall most of what you read, especially if you read not fluently, but deliberately.
If you work with a significant amount of information, try to catalog it, break it into subgroups. For example, «quotes», «ideas», «slogans», etc. If you read non-fiction on a topic that is quite applicable in life, apply what is advised in the book.
Describe your impressions about this, record what happens to you, and how your life changes after implementing the advice from the book.
A great way to remember information for people who think in pictures is visualization. If you are reading a fiction book, you probably have a movie unfolding before your eyes — you see the characters, watch how they act in given circumstances, follow the development of events. In the same way, you should do with any text that you need to fix in your memory — be it an essay about a winter forest or an article about the advantages of bequeathing an apartment over a donation agreement. Only the visualization should be a little different, one that will help you remember a little better.
Perhaps it will be combined with the association technique, that is, you visualize not quite a picture from what you read, but an association that you will have in connection with reading. This works in the same way that when we hear a song, we remember how we danced to it with a cute classmate, and mentally transport ourselves to that time. Thus, one can remember not only the events that took place at that time, but also conversations, smells, who was wearing what and how their hair was combed — after all, all this information is stored in our memory, not disappearing anywhere from it, and it depends only on us, Will we remember her?
One of the most accessible and at the same time easy ways — come up with associations with what you are reading about and what you need to fix in memory. These can be the first letters of words, or, conversely, if you need to remember a letter code (EAMDKT, for example), come up with a sentence where each letter is the beginning of each word (the spruce avocado moved gently towards the plate). You can come up with absolutely any associations that will help you remember better — color, digital, visual, auditory.
Coming up with completely stupid, at first glance, sentences is quite justified — we give them meaning, which means we remember them perfectly. When we come up with a sentence, we visualize it, that is, we see with the eyes of the soul an avocado that is moving towards the plate. As soon as we saw it, we remembered it.
The method of repetition I.A. Korsakov
A very peculiar method of memorization was proposed by I. A. Korsakov. It is based on repeated recall. It is proposed to memorize the material using any of the mnemonics that are convenient for you, after which, without peeping (since it is assumed that you remember everything), remember — write out or reproduce in another way, for example, by dictating to the phone all the information that you remember.
The next step is to check with the source of the information. If there are mistakes or you missed something, then you need to remember this information again, and then recall it again. As soon as you have reproduced all the information correctly and without gaps, you need to start recalling it many times, that is, reproducing it many times without checking with the original source.
This method is very simple and extremely effective. It is based on the so-called arrangement of memorized units of information in the room, which is well known to the memorizer, in order. If you did everything right, then as soon as you remember the situation in this room, you will reproduce the information that you remembered. This is how Cicero acted, preparing to speak to the public — he walked around the rooms of his house and engaged in the arrangement of the key points of his speech.
If you would like to try this memory enhancement technique, decide what sequence you will have during the walk around the room. Decide where you will put what you want to remember.
If you have a lot to remember, write a list of placements. In the future, you can do without the list.
This method was proposed by A. R. Luria and was originally proposed for memorization by children. Its essence is that some words were read to the child in an amount of 20. For every word he was offered draw a so-called pictogram, that is, a schematic drawing that would reflect the essence of the named concept. Next, the child had to, looking at each of the pictograms, remember what concept he “encrypted” in it. This did not happen immediately, but after half an hour or an hour.
The technique of creating a dossier works well — from a person to a book. If you need to remember information about a person — create a file where you upload his photo and biography, but not widely spread facts, but what you personally formulated. The same goes for the book. cover, summary, favorite quotes, your thoughts about what you read.
Pay attention — it is easier for someone to remember the text that he types on the computer, and someone has a close relationship between writing information by hand with a pen and storing it in memory. Therefore, knowing yourself, choose the method that suits you personally. Whether it’s writing in a notebook or on the phone.
The resurgent and growing book clubs are a great opportunity to read a book and discuss it with people who love to read. This will not only help you remember the contents of the book better, but will also show the events in it from the point of view of other readers, and this may be an opinion completely opposite to yours. You certainly won’t forget this!
Writing a review is another great opportunity to remember the contents of a book. Create a profile on one of the book discussion sites or even an online bookstore and write reviews for every book you read.
You will not only fix everything you read in your memory, you will learn how to formulate your thoughts better, and you will also receive bonuses for paying for orders in the online store. For written reviews of books, the largest online bookstores provide such an opportunity.