place of work by profession. Training and salary. Responsibilities and job description

All about the profession of an auto mechanic

Know­ing every­thing about the pro­fes­sion of an auto mechan­ic, about what his place of work is, is very impor­tant for many peo­ple. It is use­ful to find out how the train­ing is car­ried out and what salary can be received. Addi­tion­al­ly, it is worth­while to deal with the duties of auto mechan­ics and oth­er items of the job descrip­tion.

Description of the profession

The high rel­e­vance of auto mechan­ics is ques­tioned by few due to the wide­spread use of cars. But not all peo­ple know the intri­ca­cies of this pro­fes­sion and what spe­cial­ists in this posi­tion do. It’s not just about repair­ing vehi­cles in the spir­it of “replace this, trans­fer this wiring to anoth­er con­tact, change the oil and check the hydraulics.” A real auto mechan­ic comes into con­tact with peo­ple by default. Cus­tomers do not always know the struc­ture of machines, the prin­ci­ples of oper­a­tion of indi­vid­ual devices and engi­neer­ing ter­mi­nol­o­gy.

It is this spe­cial­ist who should lis­ten to com­plaints and under­stand what exact­ly is behind them. Some­times the wrong direc­tion of trou­bleshoot­ing means spend­ing sev­er­al hours on unnec­es­sary pro­ce­dures. Auto mechan­ics are also involved in mon­i­tor­ing the con­di­tion of the car. They are con­tact­ed if there are no obvi­ous prob­lems, but the car needs to be checked. For exam­ple, after an acci­dent, a long down­time, dep­reser­va­tion, a cer­tain mileage, or before a respon­si­ble trip that should not be dis­rupt­ed. The auto­mo­tive indus­try is con­stant­ly improv­ing. New tech­nolo­gies are con­stant­ly emerg­ing. In a few years, you can become a high­ly demand­ed mas­ter.

It is impos­si­ble to get into a large ser­vice sta­tion from scratch, espe­cial­ly those that repair expen­sive cars.

Pros and cons of work

One of the advan­tages of this pro­fes­sion has already been named — we are talk­ing about its con­stant demand. The num­ber of cars does not even think of decreas­ing, more­over, it will only increase. The com­plex­i­ty of the design of mod­ern trans­port is quite high, and the prob­a­bil­i­ty of its suc­cess­ful repair in the garage is reduced to almost zero. There­fore, spe­cial­ists who can cope with var­i­ous prob­lems are unlike­ly to remain idle. Those who are well versed in tech­nol­o­gy and engi­neer­ing will find some­thing to their lik­ing. Earn­ings are almost guar­an­teed. The thresh­old for enter­ing the pro­fes­sion is low, a com­plex edu­ca­tion is not need­ed (although it will be an advan­tage). Those who want to devel­op in one direc­tion or anoth­er in repair­ing cars can def­i­nite­ly become first-class nar­row spe­cial­ists. Poten­tial­ly, there is an oppor­tu­ni­ty to work indi­vid­u­al­ly, although here more and more firms are crowd­ing out pri­vate traders. Estab­lished pro­fes­sion­als can earn extra mon­ey.

How­ev­er, there are also weak­ness­es in the activ­i­ties of an auto mechan­ic. First of all, even with the cur­rent lev­el of tech­nol­o­gy, the need to “pull weights” and make efforts has hard­ly decreased com­pared to the 1960s. You will have to come into con­tact with vapors of gaso­line, sol­vents, oils and many oth­er unsafe sub­stances. A risk fac­tor is the dan­ger of elec­tric shock.

In addi­tion, many mechan­ics often work out­doors regard­less of the sea­son. Some­times you will need to work over­time, out­side of any sched­ules, if there is an influx of appli­ca­tions or urgent orders come in.

Job description


Depend­ing on qual­i­fi­ca­tions, auto­mo­tive mechan­ics can inspect and repair:

  • run­ning parts;
  • motors;
  • anti-lock sys­tems;
  • fuel equip­ment;
  • gear­box­es;
  • noz­zles;
  • crankcas­es and oth­er parts of the car.

The described oper­a­tions as a first approx­i­ma­tion should be known by a spe­cial­ist of any pro­file. You also have to reg­u­lar­ly check the align­ment, engage in tire fit­ting, bal­anc­ing. Any ongo­ing repair, diag­nos­tic manip­u­la­tions and their results must be entered in the tech­ni­cal sheet. When appro­pri­ate, the mechan­ic must use per­son­al pro­tec­tive equip­ment. He is also instruct­ed to inform the cus­tomer of the repair and / or offi­cials of the enter­prise about the results achieved and oth­er impor­tant facts.

Knowledge and skills

Any auto mechan­ic should know:

  • prin­ci­ples of oper­a­tion of the main equip­ment of the car;
  • the func­tion­ing of the part of the car in which he spe­cial­izes;
  • arrange­ment of key nodes;
  • the main nuances of the oper­a­tion of elec­tri­cal equip­ment;
  • types of igni­tion sys­tems;
  • the sub­tleties of the oper­a­tion of aux­il­iary equip­ment and sig­nal­ing.

The pro­fes­sion­al stan­dard in the spe­cial­ty “auto mechan­ic” indi­cates addi­tion­al knowl­edge and skills. In par­tic­u­lar, this is a full range of rou­tine main­te­nance to keep cars in good con­di­tion. Also, spe­cial­ists are required to advise vis­i­tors on the ser­vice and exe­cu­tion of all required doc­u­ments. In addi­tion, they must:

  • be able to inde­pen­dent­ly con­trol the tim­ing and scope of work;
  • be able to keep a war­ran­ty account;
  • be able to keep records of com­po­nents and assem­blies used in the repair;
  • know every­thing to advise man­agers on the devel­op­ment of the ser­vice.

ETKS adds more skills such as:

  • knowl­edge of the prop­er­ties of mate­ri­als;
  • under­stand­ing of anti-cor­ro­sion lubri­cants and oils;
  • tech­ni­cal test stan­dards;
  • knowl­edge of the dimen­sions and tol­er­ances of parts;
  • knowl­edge of accu­ra­cy class­es;
  • knowl­edge about the device, prin­ci­ples of oper­a­tion and meth­ods of using con­trol and mea­sur­ing equip­ment.

Personal qualities

This point also needs to be giv­en spe­cial atten­tion. Auto mechan­ics are required to have first-class vision and hear­ing. Even a slight vio­la­tion of these per­cep­tions, as well as the sense of smell, leads to dis­qual­i­fi­ca­tion in the pro­fes­sion. Oth­er impor­tant nuances:

  • excel­lent three-dimen­sion­al think­ing (the abil­i­ty to imag­ine what works how);
  • decent phys­i­cal shape;
  • the abil­i­ty to respond quick­ly;
  • high intel­lec­tu­al lev­el;
  • abil­i­ty to work dili­gent­ly;
  • pick­i­ness in the diag­no­sis of cars and their com­po­nents;
  • will­ing­ness to thor­ough­ly fol­low the instruc­tions of the man­age­ment;
  • endurance;
  • obser­va­tion;
  • self-dis­ci­pline;
  • pre­cise coor­di­na­tion;
  • accu­ra­cy and accu­ra­cy of move­ments.

A responsibility

The mechan­ic must be respon­si­ble for:

  • untime­ly or incom­plete per­for­mance of their duties;
  • mis­lead­ing man­age­ment, oth­er employ­ees of enter­pris­es and cus­tomers;
  • caus­ing mate­r­i­al dam­age;
  • offens­es spec­i­fied in the cur­rent leg­is­la­tion;
  • vio­la­tion of labor reg­u­la­tions and dis­ci­pline;
  • waste of funds;
  • vio­la­tion of fire and elec­tri­cal safe­ty stan­dards;
  • non-com­pli­ance with oth­er safe­ty stan­dards.


Auto mechan­ics of the 1st cat­e­go­ry must already have an idea about mar­riage and meth­ods for pre­vent­ing it. They need to clear­ly under­stand what con­sum­ables are and how to use them. Addi­tion­al­ly, knowl­edge of the norms of indus­tri­al san­i­ta­tion is con­sid­ered a duty. Such spe­cial­ists are ful­ly pre­pared to deal with basic main­te­nance. They also do airbags.

Tier 2 spe­cial­ists can assem­ble sim­ple knots. They can car­ry out fix­ing work and estab­lish the elec­tri­cal infra­struc­ture of the car. Dur­ing the work apply all spec­trum of the elec­tric and pneu­mat­ic tool. You will have to study the tol­er­ances and qual­i­fi­ca­tions. Mechan­ics of the 3rd cat­e­go­ry repair all brands of cars and ser­vice their motors. They are ready to work not only with cars, but also with trucks. It is imper­a­tive to know the sub­tleties of var­i­ous met­als and gen­er­al safe­ty rules.

A grade 4 mechan­ic clear­ly under­stands, among oth­er things, rough­ness para­me­ters and heat treat­ment tech­niques for parts. For the 5th cat­e­go­ry are required:

  • readi­ness for adjust­ment and bench test­ing of com­plex units;
  • abil­i­ty to install elec­tri­cal equip­ment accord­ing to the scheme;
  • the abil­i­ty to bring details to 6 or 7 qual­i­fi­ca­tions;
  • abil­i­ty to deal with com­plex met­al­work.

The 6th pro­fes­sion­al cat­e­go­ry often implies the pres­ence of a tech­ni­cal edu­ca­tion. Must know:

  • fea­tures of cars, bus­es and trucks of var­i­ous brands;
  • tech­ni­cal con­di­tions for the repair, test­ing and deliv­ery of espe­cial­ly com­plex and crit­i­cal parts;
  • meth­ods of com­plete restora­tion and hard­en­ing of car parts;
  • repair work rules and meth­ods of reg­u­la­tion of all major vehi­cle com­po­nents.


Usu­al­ly, train­ing in the spe­cial­ty of an auto mechan­ic does not mean that you have to pass an exam in his­to­ry or oth­er human­i­ties, since this is a pure­ly tech­ni­cal pro­fes­sion. True, each edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tion may have its own approach, and you need to care­ful­ly check what it requires from appli­cants. You can start your jour­ney into the pro­fes­sion after the 9th grade in col­leges and tech­ni­cal schools with the appro­pri­ate spe­cial­ty. How­ev­er, it must be borne in mind that the require­ments are steadi­ly increas­ing. And there­fore, only those who are ready to receive high­er edu­ca­tion at spe­cial­ized fac­ul­ties of insti­tutes and uni­ver­si­ties can count on achiev­ing real heights in their pro­fes­sion.

There­fore, the best strat­e­gy would be to grad­u­ate from school with the best pos­si­ble knowl­edge that it can give, and then study in an engi­neer­ing spe­cial­ty of the appro­pri­ate pro­file. Of course, one can­not do with­out an empha­sis on math­e­mat­ics, which will cer­tain­ly come in handy in prac­ti­cal work. Again, although what sub­jects you need to take is deter­mined by a par­tic­u­lar edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tion, in addi­tion to math­e­mat­ics and physics, it will most like­ly also be Russ­ian. It makes sense to pay atten­tion to class­es in this sub­ject from the school bench.

It must be tak­en into account that both with an aver­age pro­fes­sion­al and a high­er pro­fes­sion­al lev­el of edu­ca­tion, auto mechan­ics peri­od­i­cal­ly need retrain­ing in order to keep up with the real­i­ties of life.

Among the uni­ver­si­ties of the Russ­ian Fed­er­a­tion that train spe­cial­ists in the repair of vehi­cles and engi­neers in relat­ed fields, we can dis­tin­guish:

  • Ural Fed­er­al Uni­ver­si­ty;
  • Peters­burg Uni­ver­si­ty of Com­mu­ni­ca­tions;
  • Sama­ra Nation­al Research Uni­ver­si­ty;
  • Pacif­ic and Togli­at­ti State Uni­ver­si­ties;
  • Ural Uni­ver­si­ty of Com­mu­ni­ca­tions;
  • Kuzbass Tech­ni­cal Uni­ver­si­ty;
  • MSTU named after Bau­man;
  • NCFU;
  • Crimean Engi­neer­ing and Ped­a­gog­i­cal Uni­ver­si­ty;
  • St. Peters­burg Min­ing Uni­ver­si­ty;
  • OmSTU;
  • Voronezh For­est Engi­neer­ing Uni­ver­si­ty;
  • Tver Agri­cul­tur­al Acad­e­my;
  • Fra­ter­nal State Uni­ver­si­ty.

You can try to study in sec­ondary spe­cial edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tions. Among them, a spe­cial place is occu­pied by:

  • mul­ti­dis­ci­pli­nary col­lege of Mag­ni­to­gorsk Tech­ni­cal Uni­ver­si­ty;
  • Moscow Col­lege No. 54;
  • tech­ni­cal col­lege of St. Peters­burg;
  • Moscow Poly­tech­nic Col­lege No. 8;
  • Moscow Col­lege of Road Trans­port No. 9;
  • Nizh­ny Nov­gorod Auto­mo­tive Col­lege;
  • Nizh­ny Nov­gorod Indus­tri­al and Mechan­i­cal Col­lege;
  • Motor Trans­port Col­lege of Ros­tov-on-Don;
  • Ural Col­lege named after Polzunov;
  • Chelyabin­sk Motor Trans­port Col­lege;
  • Omsk Col­lege of Pro­fes­sion­al Tech­nolo­gies;
  • Omsk Col­lege of Trans­port Con­struc­tion;
  • Kras­no­yarsk Col­lege of Trans­port and Ser­vice;
  • Pri­morsky Poly­tech­nic Col­lege.

Place of work

Get­ting into any job with­out a cov­er let­ter is hard enough. It is bet­ter to take care of obtain­ing such a doc­u­ment in advance. It will raise inter­est in your resume. Some com­pa­nies are will­ing to hire can­di­dates with­out expe­ri­ence — but in this case, you will not be able to count on any sol­id income. Rather, it will be at a min­i­mum lev­el or slight­ly high­er. This lev­el can only be con­sid­ered as a stage in the for­ma­tion of a pro­fes­sion. Often start with a job as an assis­tant auto mechan­ic. It is pos­si­ble to take such a posi­tion even after grad­u­a­tion. It is impos­si­ble to make the next step in a career in a month, even if you make a thor­ough effort. It will take 1–2 years to gain expe­ri­ence and prac­ti­cal qual­i­fi­ca­tions.

Before tak­ing a sol­id posi­tion in a car repair com­pa­ny, you will have to get an edu­ca­tion as an auto mechan­ic engi­neer. Small­er com­pa­nies some­times offer on-the-job train­ing, but that oppor­tu­ni­ty is becom­ing rar­er and rar­er. Regard­less of the lev­el of edu­ca­tion, only after a long set of expe­ri­ence will it be pos­si­ble to take the posi­tion of a senior car ser­vice mas­ter. In addi­tion to spe­cial­ized ser­vices, you can also work in:

  • bus parks;
  • taxi com­pa­nies;
  • car depots;
  • indus­try;
  • logis­tics com­pa­nies;
  • motor­sport cen­ters;
  • deliv­ery ser­vices;
  • agri­cul­tur­al and con­struc­tion com­pa­nies;
  • var­i­ous oth­er orga­ni­za­tions that own a more or less large fleet of their own.

How much does he get?

The salary of car mechan­ics in Rus­sia is high­ly depen­dent on the place where you have to work. Almost the high­est incomes are pre­dictably achieved in the cap­i­tal. The aver­age lev­el is about 50 thou­sand rubles. At the same time, only a fifth of all Moscow mechan­ics earn more than 68,000 rubles. It is worth con­sid­er­ing that the lev­el of income promised by employ­ers in ads is not always pro­vid­ed. There­fore, in real­i­ty, income may be notice­ably less. On aver­age in the coun­try, if you trust the ads, it is 30,000 rubles. Some­times they say that in the Sakhalin region the aver­age salary will be equal to 70 thou­sand rubles. How­ev­er, the num­ber of vacan­cies there is lim­it­ed for objec­tive rea­sons.

There are quite sol­id salaries in the YaNAO and in Trans­baikalia — 67 and 52 thou­sand rubles. In St. Peters­burg, a mechan­ic has an income of 50 thou­sand rubles. The same rate is assigned in Irkut­sk. In Kazan, Krasnodar and Sama­ra, the aver­age wage will be 45,000. There­fore, it is obvi­ous that such a pro­fes­sion is unlike­ly to be high­ly paid. It is nec­es­sary to under­stand the con­di­tion­al­i­ty of sta­tis­tics. Novice auto mechan­ics receive from 15 thou­sand when apply­ing for a job. After work­ing for 2–3 years, you can already reach the lev­el of 25 thou­sand. To raise income to an aver­age of 40,000, you will have to gain expe­ri­ence from 5 to 7 years.

It is obvi­ous that it will not work to count on sol­id well-being. Even expe­ri­enced mechan­ics can only claim rel­a­tive­ly mod­est rates; plays a role, how­ev­er, and the lev­el of the ser­vice cen­ter.

Leave a Reply