place of work. Responsibilities of a PTO in construction and a construction control engineer. Salary and job description

Who is a civil engineer and what does he do?

Not all peo­ple ful­ly under­stand who a civ­il engi­neer is and what he does, what his place of work is. It is worth pay­ing atten­tion to the duties of the VET in con­struc­tion and the duties of the con­struc­tion con­trol engi­neer, to the salary and job descrip­tion. If you firm­ly decid­ed to con­nect your life with this pro­fes­sion, you will also need to deal with the nuances of train­ing.

Description of the profession

The main task of a civ­il engi­neer is to coor­di­nate var­i­ous con­struc­tion works. It is nat­ur­al that it is need­ed not when build­ing a pri­vate house, but when work­ing on a larg­er scale. It is from such a spe­cial­ist that the deter­mi­na­tion of the bud­get and the recruit­ment of per­form­ers for var­i­ous posi­tions depends. The last point inevitably sug­gests that this is also a qual­i­ty spe­cial­ist. His spe­cial­iza­tion is clas­si­fied as “man-tech­nique”.

Civ­il engi­neers are always busy and down­time is extreme­ly rare. It is believed that this is one of the most ver­sa­tile and inter­est­ing con­struc­tion spe­cial­iza­tions. It is close­ly con­nect­ed with geo­desy, as evi­denced by the range of mas­tered dis­ci­plines. Only self-con­fi­dent peo­ple who will become team lead­ers and make impor­tant deci­sions can take such a posi­tion.

It is also worth not­ing that you will con­stant­ly have to work with doc­u­ments and very scrupu­lous­ly fol­low the rules for their prepa­ra­tion.

Speak­ing about the pros and cons, it must be indi­cat­ed that a civ­il engi­neer:

  • always in demand;
  • can work both in the city and beyond;
  • does not direct­ly engage in phys­i­cal labor;
  • can be just­ly proud of the cre­ative nature of their work and per­son­al­ly observe the result;
  • receives a rel­a­tive­ly good income.

But at the same time:

  • the work­ing day is not always stan­dard­ized;
  • some­times you have to trav­el very far for work, some­times even to remote places;
  • the respon­si­bil­i­ty is very great;
  • there are strict stan­dards that must be impec­ca­bly observed;
  • cus­tomers and con­trac­tors can some­times put for­ward con­flict­ing require­ments;
  • prob­lems can be cre­at­ed by the indis­ci­pline of the per­form­ers or oth­er sur­pris­es dur­ing con­struc­tion.

Who can work?

A civ­il engi­neer can apply for a job as one of the fol­low­ing pro­fes­sion­als.

Road construction laboratory engineer

This is a slight­ly dif­fer­ent spe­cial­iza­tion. Those hold­ing such a posi­tion can con­trol not only the con­struc­tion, but also the repair and restora­tion of roads. It is they who con­trol that a coat­ing of a strict­ly defined thick­ness and qual­i­ty is applied, and if this is not the case, they imme­di­ate­ly raise the alarm. The lab­o­ra­to­ry can be sta­tion­ary or mobile. This deter­mines the num­ber of exam­i­na­tions that can be car­ried out, their com­plex­i­ty and accu­ra­cy.

In some cas­es, tech­nol­o­gists eval­u­ate the wear of the can­vas on the track and say whether it needs to be repaired or not.

shipbuilding engineer

Such pro­fes­sion­als are employed in the field of:

  • design;
  • con­struc­tion;
  • con­struc­tion con­trol;
  • expert study of sea and riv­er ves­sels, their indi­vid­ual parts, equip­ment and aux­il­iary water­craft.

It is their efforts and dili­gence that deter­mine:

  • what the ships will look like;
  • what will be their car­ry­ing capac­i­ty, speed and oth­er char­ac­ter­is­tics;
  • how effi­cient­ly and safe­ly the ship will be used;
  • whether sea­far­ers and/or pas­sen­gers will be com­fort­able there.

Engineer surveyor

Basi­cal­ly, such employ­ees are engaged in deter­min­ing the lev­els of the ter­rain and mea­sur­ing ele­va­tion changes. Their activ­i­ties are car­ried out in a vari­ety of con­di­tions, and some­times they have to walk many kilo­me­ters through dif­fi­cult ter­rain, mea­sur­ing and ana­lyz­ing the results of mea­sure­ments. In gen­er­al, sur­vey­ing engi­neers answer 4 main ques­tions:

  • whether the area is suit­able for build­ing at all;
  • is it pos­si­ble to build some­thing con­crete there;
  • what mea­sures need to be tak­en to elim­i­nate the neg­a­tive aspects of the relief;
  • how expen­sive and dif­fi­cult it will be to car­ry out such prepara­to­ry work.

Design engineer

The main activ­i­ty of a design engi­neer is the prepa­ra­tion of archi­tec­tur­al and exec­u­tive draw­ings. It is he who will devel­op schemes for water sup­ply and sew­er­age, elec­tri­cal infra­struc­ture. Even the most ordi­nary-look­ing build­ing could not have appeared with­out the par­tic­i­pa­tion of design engi­neers. They con­stant­ly inter­act with archi­tects and design­ers in order to obtain not only a com­plete­ly func­tion­al and com­fort­able, but also a har­mo­nious­ly beau­ti­ful object.


A civ­il engi­neer for tech­ni­cal con­struc­tion is main­ly engaged in the con­struc­tion of indus­tri­al, ener­gy, trans­port and infra­struc­ture facil­i­ties. The ship­builder, as already men­tioned above, works to obtain first-class ships and ves­sels that will ful­fill their task in any con­di­tions. There is no sep­a­rate spe­cial­iza­tion in the field of land­scape gar­den­ing con­struc­tion. Such func­tions are per­formed in pass­ing by gen­er­al con­struc­tion engi­neers or lead­ing engi­neers of land­scape gar­den­ing. There is also an engi­neer for the con­struc­tion of rail­ways and com­mu­ni­ca­tions.

Such a pro­fes­sion­al is able to design and orga­nize a struc­ture:

  • rail­way lines;
  • trans­port inter­changes;
  • bridges and tun­nels;
  • aux­il­iary struc­tures for trans­port com­mu­ni­ca­tions.

Job description

The hir­ing and dis­missal of civ­il engi­neers is made by the deci­sion of the head of the orga­ni­za­tion. Only in excep­tion­al cas­es and with a very large size of the orga­ni­za­tion, this func­tion can be assigned to the deputy head. Most often, sub­or­di­na­tion to chief engi­neers is pro­vid­ed, option­al­ly to archi­tects. Chief Engi­neers have the right to tem­porar­i­ly appoint an employ­ee replac­ing the retired civ­il engi­neer. But atten­tion should be paid to the func­tion­al­i­ty of such spe­cial­ists.


The main func­tions of civ­il engi­neers are:

  • elab­o­ra­tion and coor­di­na­tion of design solu­tions;
  • elab­o­ra­tion of work sched­ules, their adjust­ment as nec­es­sary;
  • coor­di­na­tion of cur­rent changes with con­trac­tors, cus­tomers and gov­ern­ment agen­cies;
  • pro­pos­al of mea­sures to improve con­struc­tion activ­i­ties;
  • ongo­ing inspec­tions of facil­i­ties being con­struct­ed and repaired (on their own or in coop­er­a­tion with oth­er peo­ple);
  • track­ing cur­rent trends in the con­struc­tion indus­try.

But even all this, as well as the prepa­ra­tion of as-built doc­u­men­ta­tion that would suit the chief engi­neer and cus­tomers, does not exhaust the func­tions per­formed. Addi­tion­al­ly you will need:

  • devel­op esti­mates in accor­dance with estab­lished require­ments and forms of man­age­ment;
  • pre­pare tech­ni­cal spec­i­fi­ca­tions for third-par­ty per­form­ers (exter­nal con­trac­tors);
  • accept (togeth­er with oth­er spe­cial­ists) fin­ished objects;
  • help the com­pa­ny pre­pare for ten­ders;
  • com­ply with tech­ni­cal and fire safe­ty stan­dards.

Knowledge and skills

The key knowl­edge of civ­il engi­neers are:

  • under­stand­ing of the laws and reg­u­la­tions in this area;
  • stan­dards for work­ing with tech­ni­cal and project doc­u­men­ta­tion;
  • para­me­ters of mate­ri­als and tech­ni­cal struc­tures;
  • fea­tures of weath­er con­di­tions and oth­er fac­tors affect­ing the con­struc­tion, oper­a­tion of build­ings;
  • fire and elec­tri­cal safe­ty require­ments;
  • safe­ty require­ments in a par­tic­u­lar indus­tri­al area;
  • cri­te­ria for eval­u­at­ing the work per­formed and the degree of their com­ple­tion.

The pro­fes­sion­al stan­dard for an engi­neer of the cap­i­tal con­struc­tion depart­ment implies the fol­low­ing pro­fes­sion­al skills:

  • col­lec­tion and stor­age of spe­cial doc­u­men­ta­tion;
  • prepa­ra­tion of ini­tial data for design;
  • the abil­i­ty to esti­mate the amount of work;
  • readi­ness to form pro­pos­als for con­trac­tors and sub­con­trac­tors;
  • pos­ses­sion of math­e­mat­ics and physics at a high lev­el;
  • abil­i­ty to read maps, plans and dia­grams;
  • abil­i­ty to work with com­put­er-aid­ed design sys­tems.

A responsibility

The civ­il engi­neer will be respon­si­ble for:

  • improp­er per­for­mance or com­plete fail­ure to per­form their duties aris­ing from the job descrip­tion, con­tracts and reg­u­la­tions;
  • vio­la­tion of the require­ments pre­scribed by civ­il, admin­is­tra­tive and crim­i­nal leg­is­la­tion;
  • caus­ing mate­r­i­al dam­age to your orga­ni­za­tion, cus­tomers, con­trac­tors, oth­er per­sons and orga­ni­za­tions;
  • trade secret vio­la­tion.


The civ­il engi­neer has the fol­low­ing pow­ers:

  • par­tic­i­pate in the dis­cus­sion of pre­pared doc­u­ments, reg­u­la­tions and oth­er deci­sions of the orga­ni­za­tion’s man­age­ment;
  • make sug­ges­tions that will improve the work, get a more attrac­tive result with min­i­mal time and mon­ey;
  • noti­fy man­agers and oth­er inter­est­ed par­ties of iden­ti­fied vio­la­tions with­in their author­i­ty;
  • to estab­lish the rea­sons why the work sched­ule has been dis­rupt­ed, its qual­i­ty has been vio­lat­ed, or oth­er short­com­ings have arisen;
  • track the elim­i­na­tion of pre­vi­ous­ly dis­cov­ered short­com­ings and prob­lems, give instruc­tions for each stage and nuance of improve­ments;
  • make deci­sions that allow you to per­form work effi­cient­ly in the event of a change in the com­po­si­tion of mate­ri­als, adjust­ments in terms, changes in the size of the bud­get dur­ing con­struc­tion, achiev­ing the same unchanged qual­i­ty of fin­ished struc­tures and their parts.

In the ETCS, a close ana­logue of such pro­fes­sion­als are employ­ees of VET in con­struc­tion or engi­neers super­vis­ing con­struc­tion works. They are oblig­ed:

  • car­ry out tech­ni­cal con­trol in the inter­ests of the cus­tomer;
  • mon­i­tor the imple­men­ta­tion of work plans;
  • help to devel­op more promis­ing meth­ods and schemes of work;
  • par­tic­i­pate in the devel­op­ment of new build­ing mate­ri­als;
  • con­duct tech­ni­cal accep­tance of fin­ished objects;
  • take into account com­plet­ed con­struc­tion and instal­la­tion works and pre­pare final report­ing doc­u­ments based on such mate­ri­als;
  • own the prin­ci­ples of labor pro­tec­tion and safe­ty (since the opti­miza­tion of the con­struc­tion process to the detri­ment of them is not allowed).

Personal qualities

The speci­fici­ty of the activ­i­ty of civ­il engi­neers leaves an expres­sive imprint on their per­son­al­i­ty. Or, rather, a per­son must ini­tial­ly have cer­tain qual­i­ties in order to qual­i­fy for such a posi­tion. It is imper­a­tive to have an ana­lyt­i­cal mind­set, oth­er­wise it will not be pos­si­ble to pre­pare every­thing so scrupu­lous­ly. Also impor­tant:

  • excel­lent visu­al mem­o­ry;
  • advanced tech­ni­cal think­ing;
  • the abil­i­ty to quick­ly switch between dif­fer­ent objects and dis­trib­ute their atten­tion;
  • the abil­i­ty to work care­ful­ly, even if you have to deal with a monot­o­nous func­tion for a long time;
  • accu­ra­cy.


Even a gen­er­al acquain­tance with the spe­cial­ty of a civ­il engi­neer shows that in order to obtain the nec­es­sary edu­ca­tion, one must pass main­ly physics and math­e­mat­ics. How­ev­er, each edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tion (and even indi­vid­ual fac­ul­ties) has the right to estab­lish its own norms and require­ments, vary the sub­jects for admis­sion and set a cer­tain bar. These require­ments may also change from year to year. There­fore, it is nec­es­sary every time to study the most up-to-date infor­ma­tion on the offi­cial web­site and in oth­er sources. The nec­es­sary train­ing is pro­vid­ed by a wide vari­ety of insti­tutes and uni­ver­si­ties.

The choice of an edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tion should be done very respon­si­bly. In the Urals, you can go to study, for exam­ple, in:

  • Mag­ni­to­gorsk Uni­ver­si­ty named after Nosov;
  • UrFU;
  • SUSU;
  • Ural Uni­ver­si­ty of Com­mu­ni­ca­tions.

Large edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tions that train civ­il engi­neers are locat­ed in the Russ­ian cap­i­tal. Among them stand out:

  • Moscow Poly­tech­nic Uni­ver­si­ty;
  • RUDN;
  • Geo­log­i­cal Prospect­ing Uni­ver­si­ty named after Ordzhonikidze;
  • Agri­cul­tur­al Acad­e­my named after Timiryazev;
  • Moscow Con­struc­tion Uni­ver­si­ty;
  • MADI.

Very good chances in St. Peters­burg. There, the nec­es­sary pro­fes­sion­al train­ing and advanced train­ing can be offered by:

  • Poly­tech­nic Uni­ver­si­ty named after Peter;
  • min­ing Uni­ver­si­ty;
  • Uni­ver­si­ty of Rail­way Trans­port.

If for some rea­son these edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tions do not suit you, you can apply to:

  • Far East­ern Fed­er­al Uni­ver­si­ty;
  • Kuban Agrar­i­an Uni­ver­si­ty named after Tru­bilin;
  • Ufa Oil Tech­ni­cal Uni­ver­si­ty;
  • Far East­ern Uni­ver­si­ty of Com­mu­ni­ca­tions;
  • Voronezh and Yugra Tech­ni­cal Uni­ver­si­ties;
  • Kazan Research Tech­ni­cal Uni­ver­si­ty;
  • Sib­strin;
  • Tech­ni­cal Uni­ver­si­ty of Kalin­ingrad;
  • OmSTU;
  • State Uni­ver­si­ty of Oren­burg.

Place of work

Although some of these spe­cial­ists may even get a job in col­leges and oth­er edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tions where cer­tain tech­ni­cal dis­ci­plines will be taught, this is far from the main option. Basi­cal­ly, civ­il engi­neers are employed in com­pa­nies involved in the con­struc­tion and repair of var­i­ous facil­i­ties. Some of them go to spe­cial­ized design orga­ni­za­tions. After a rel­a­tive­ly sim­ple retrain­ing, one can become an archi­tect.

Anoth­er quite pos­si­ble area of ​​appli­ca­tion of their efforts can be expert and eval­u­a­tion activ­i­ties.

How much does he earn?

Despite a cer­tain stag­na­tion in the con­struc­tion indus­try in Rus­sia, the aver­age salary of civ­il engi­neers can still stand out favor­ably against the gen­er­al back­ground. The more impor­tant the object, the more sig­nif­i­cant it is. At large con­struc­tion sites of nation­al impor­tance (or rel­e­vant for sev­er­al regions at once), such a spe­cial­ist receives from 70 to 85 thou­sand rubles. True, it is extreme­ly dif­fi­cult to get to such a posi­tion, it is cus­tom­ary to super­vise all such projects from begin­ning to end, and they are rare. The least expe­ri­enced employ­ees can earn an income of 19–25 thou­sand rubles a month.

Civ­il engi­neers, hav­ing worked for 1 year or more, can already find a place with an income of up to 55–60 thou­sand rubles. The most expe­ri­enced can be offered a bet of up to 100–200 thou­sand. Income above the aver­age is found in areas with a dif­fi­cult cli­mate. For exam­ple, in the regions of the Far North, in Ust-Ilim­sk and oth­er places, a salary of 150 thou­sand is quite com­mon.

Addi­tion­al mon­ey can be paid for:

  • expe­ri­ence in the con­struc­tion of large indus­tri­al facil­i­ties;
  • pos­ses­sion of spe­cial­ized pro­grams;
  • knowl­edge of for­eign lan­guages.

In addi­tion to direct pay­ments, bonus­es can be award­ed based on the results of work. Addi­tion­al bonus­es are:

  • cater­ing by the employ­er;
  • com­pen­sa­tion for fuel and lubri­cants and depre­ci­a­tion of per­son­al vehi­cles;
  • trans­porta­tion by com­pa­ny trans­port;
  • cell phone pay­ment.

In Moscow, the sit­u­a­tion is ambigu­ous. The city is active­ly built up, but the income of civ­il engi­neers varies great­ly. The aver­age lev­el is from 62,000 to 80,000, the peak val­ue is about 160,000. But the aver­age income of such spe­cial­ists in the coun­try is 40–47 thou­sand rubles.

Abroad, in eco­nom­i­cal­ly devel­oped coun­tries, it cor­re­sponds either to the lev­el of the most advanced domes­tic spe­cial­ists (in Ger­many), or 1.5–2 times high­er (USA).

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