An agronomist is a profession common in our country, which is in great demand at the present time. It is connected with work on the land and with varieties of plants growing in rural areas. In the article, we will consider what an agronomist does, what are the pros and cons of this profession, what is necessary in order to obtain this specialty.
The origin of the name of the profession is connected with two Greek words — agros (field) and nomos (law). She appeared a long time ago. This is explained by the fact that the life of people in ancient times largely depended on the land and its fertility, and therefore they needed to know how to properly grow certain plants that yield crops and cultivate the land.
The most important task for those times fell on the shoulders of agronomists — the cultivation and cultivation of wild growth, as well as their protection. In our country, such scientists as Bolotov, Dokuchaev and Timiryazev are considered outstanding agronomists. Their labors, which fell on the XVIII-XIX centuries, were very fruitful.
In the modern world, this profession is still relevant. However, do not confuse it with the profession of a landscape designer, gardener or florist. They may seem similar due to the fact that the object of their professional activity is focused on plants, but they are completely different professions. So, an agronomist is a person who is familiar with agricultural machinery and understands the types of agricultural plants, plans work for all seasons and not only.
Those wishing to become a specialist in the field of agronomy should take into account that this profession has both advantages and disadvantages.
Let’s start with the positives.
An agronomist is an interesting profession and does not tie a person to the office. It allows you to spend a lot of time in nature, which favorably affects the health and emotional state of a person. This profession has prospects, allowing you to grow to the chief agronomist. Often, the activities of such a specialist are paid quite high, provided that they work in a prosperous economy. In addition, agronomists have the opportunity to open their own business. It is also important here that agronomy is an actual area, and the demand for specialists from this area is unlikely to decrease in the near future.
However, it is impossible not to mention the disadvantages of this profession.
Agronomists spend a lot of time not only outdoors, but also on their feet, which is very tiring. At the same time, a great responsibility falls on the shoulders of a person, and in the season he, as a rule, does not have days off and works overtime. Plus, there is a possible occurrence of an allergic reaction to plants or products that are used to process them.
Speaking about the profession of an agronomist, it should be noted that it has a number of medical contraindications, due to which a person simply will not be able to work in this direction. This is also important to consider when choosing a profession. So, such contraindications include color blindness, problems in the work of the neuropsychic system, serious problems with vision, hearing aid, coordination of movement and the musculoskeletal system, as well as allergies.
The agronomist profession, like most others, has a certain professional standard, as well as a specific job description that a specialist must follow.
The main duty of such a specialist is scientific activity. Even with a busy schedule, he must be familiar with new methods in his field of activity in order to successfully implement them into the workflow.
The agronomist is engaged in the development of new ways to eliminate parasitic insects and weeds, drawing up plans for sowing, processing and harvesting. He also controls the field work, the quality of seeds and prepares them for sowing, monitoring their effectiveness, takes soil samples, and analyzes the results.
Of course, everything that was considered in the process of work, the agronomist draws up in the form of reports, documents — that is, this work is connected not only with plants and being in the fresh air, but also with the inevitable paperwork.
In addition to professional qualities, some personality traits are also important for an agronomist, which in many cases make him a more valuable specialist.
A person whose activities are related to agronomy must be able to take responsibility, have organizational skills, a developed eye in order to use the land in the most beneficial way, good memory, endurance and health.
Very important here are such human qualities as communication skills, the ability to work in a team and find a common language with others. An agronomist often has to make contact with people who are engaged in work in the field of agriculture, explain to them what changes need to be made to work in order to increase performance and eliminate possible marriage.
What should you know?
Of course, professional qualities are no less important for an agronomist than personal ones.
Such a specialist should have in-depth knowledge in the field of biology, chemistry and botany. As a rule, the first two subjects must be taken for admission to a university in this specialty.
An agronomist must also know how to determine the quality of the soil, have the skills to conduct laboratory research and cultivate different crops, be familiar with agricultural machinery and plant species, agriculture, agrochemistry, and the basics of land and labor legislation.
To become an agronomist, first of all, you need to complete 11 classes and pass the necessary subjects for admission — as a rule, these are chemistry, biology and the Russian language. Some of the educational institutions also require you to pass a foreign language exam.
To obtain a profession in this specialty, it is important to choose a university that trains young specialists whose activities are related to agronomy. Education takes place at agricultural universities and institutes, of which there are a large number in our country: the Kuban State Agrarian University, the Russian State Agrarian University and other educational institutions.
In the process of studying, the student receives knowledge that allows him to understand how to achieve great results in terms of fruiting plants, how to increase the fertility of the earth and not only. However, it is important to note here that it is unlikely that you will be able to get a job in your specialty during your studies.
Further, upon completion of training, you can improve your skills in special courses.
Place of work
Speaking about the work of an agronomist, it must be said that it will not work to get a position in the specialty immediately after graduation. Usually, when applying for the position of an agronomist, a specific work experience of at least 1 year or more is required. For this reason, you will first need to work for some time as an agronomist’s assistant, which will allow you to move up the career ladder in the future.
In general, a specialist in the field of agronomy can carry out his activities in organizations such as agro-industrial and greenhouse complexes, greenhouses, farms, research institutes and not only, as well as devote himself to scientific or teaching activities. As one develops in one’s career, a person can advance to the position of chief agronomist, and in some places to the head of the direction.
If desired, an agronomist can work in several farms, which will significantly increase his earnings. It is also possible to change the direction of one’s activity somewhat, becoming, for example, a gardener, florist, or even opening one’s own company.
How much does he earn?
In the labor market in Russia, the demand for agronomists is very high. This is due to the fact that agriculture in our country is developing, and very rapidly. This also affects the salaries of such specialists. It starts from 30,000 thousand, but when working on large farms, it can reach more than 100,000 rubles. Of course, such earnings are possible only with good professional skills and proper work experience.