A pharmacist is a person who sells medicines in a pharmacy. The specificity of his activity is extensive and implies the presence of certain knowledge and skills, as well as personal qualities of character. That’s just to get a higher medical education requires a lot of time and effort, although they are justified.
Pharmacy has been around for a long time. This is explained by the inevitability of treatment with the identification of new methods and the possibility of sterilizing objects. Initially, they included herbs, minerals, chemicals. Now the responsibilities of pharmacists are wider — from researching the effect of medicines to monitoring and advertising issues.. The activity of the doctor became isolated during the Middle Ages.
Also, places for the sale of funds began to form, when their actions were dictated by the state. For the preparation of ointments and potions, you need the appropriate education and license. Now pharmacy is divided into different specialties, for the development of which you need a professional education of a higher or middle level.
For the implementation of medical activities, it is important to possess certain knowledge and skills.
Pros and cons of the profession
According to preferences, a specialist has the right to choose an exciting, suitable direction for him and develop in it.
The profession of a pharmacist should highlight a number of advantages.
- Career growth prospects — taking courses and special training will increase knowledge, which will allow you to apply for high positions.
- Prestige — the profession is in demand in the labor market. Especially when there is a shortage of personnel, it is quite possible to get a vacancy.
- Salary is high, but with minor differences. So, in the regions of Russia it is 25-50 thousand, in the capital — up to 85 thousand rubles. Salary is calculated depending on job responsibilities and field of activity.
- Getting Started as a Student — companies accept in their headquarters employees of the last courses or only those who have completed training. Initial position — assistant specialist. This opportunity provides invaluable experience with which graduates can apply for leadership positions later.
- Social orientation of the profession — the opportunity to participate in the organizational and educational activities of the population, to receive moral satisfaction from this.
In addition to the variety of positive aspects of work, The specialty also has minor shortcomings. They should be taken into account when the question of choosing a profession arises.
- Interaction with hazardous substances (biological and chemical) in the composition of the drug, from which an allergic reaction may develop.
- Risk of infection. During exacerbations or epidemics, the pharmacist is able to catch the infection from pharmacy visitors.
- Increased responsibility for the life of the people.
- Voltage – inevitable goodwill when working with different groups of people, stress is possible.
- Heavy work schedule – 12 hour working irregular day, evening/night shifts are also possible. This increases fatigue.
Regardless of the positive and negative aspects of the specifics, the profession is interesting and in demand.
How is it different from a pharmacist?
A pharmacist is a top-level employee in the field of pharmacy. It operates in pharmacy, hospital, research enterprises. The pharmacist acquired only a secondary vocational education. He can work independently or in company with a pharmacist — in a pharmacy. He has a narrow range of responsibilities: no right to leadership; the main task is consultation, sale and accounting of medicines.
The difference between a pharmacist and a pharmacist lies in the specialized education. The difference is not always visible in the skill / experience in a pharmacy, the salary of a drug seller. At the initial stage of pharmaceutical activity, wages are approximately the same. But the pharmacist has a clear advantage, since he has a higher education, which is so necessary for applicants.
Labor functions of a specialist:
- sale of medicines and other pharmaceutical products to buyers;
- taking and controlling the amount of medicines;
- compliance with storage rules;
- tracking the expiration date of goods and the unity of packaging;
- informing pharmacy visitors about the rules for taking and storing, the existence of side effects, prescribing medicines and other drugs;
- participation in the production of drugs depending on the formulation.
The pharmacist also follows similar instructions, but the pharmacist has the right to claim leadership of the pharmacy. Specialists are responsible for controlling the dispensing of drugs, paying customers through the cash register. In addition, their job is to lay out pharmaceuticals on the shelves, study the demand for goods.
The specialty of the pharmacist is divided into types.
- Clinical – consultation of a doctor about drug therapy, about reducing side effects, about the correct combination of drugs. When the need is high, it adjusts the cost of treatment. The right to carry out their activities in the analysis of the action and effectiveness of medicines. Do not confuse — the pharmacist does not make a conclusion and does not contact patients, he only informs the doctor.
- hospital — provides reliable information to the doctor about the innovations that have arisen in pharmacy. Together with the head physician, he supplies the necessary drugs to the medical institution. The obligations consist of monitoring and evaluating medicines, keeping track of their integrity and replenishment.
- Pharmacist-technologist — Responsible for the creation of medicines, their storage and sale.
- Pharmacist-researcher — checks the action of drugs, makes an analysis of the positive and negative effects of the components of the drug on the body. The possibility of releasing funds into production and distributing it to medical institutions and companies depends on the outcome.
- Pharmacist-agent — Responsible for the distribution and delivery of pharmacological agents to the pharmacy or companies. He acts as the main one for one specific network in which he is arranged.
The pharmacist is a senior staff member who primarily holds managerial positions. His activities have some features depending on the field. So, even bookkeeping requires special knowledge and training.
Therefore, this specialty is in demand and highly paid in the labor market.
The professional standard of a pharmacist implies the need for higher education with narrow qualifications (residency or postgraduate studies). According to the professional standard, you cannot work in your specialty without a license. Educational requirements also include special personal qualities and skills.
Higher medical education (pharmacist) suitable for people who have special character traits:
- the impulse to learn new things;
- predisposition to analysis;
- emotional stability.
These qualities indicate a person’s predisposition to medical activity. Suitable for a pharmacist and pharmacist, as well as many other professions.
Knowledge and skills
The specialist must have a propensity for the activities of medical staff. It is the pharmacist who must have at least key skills, know:
- chemical properties of elements and medicines;
- chemical-physical reactions of substances;
- features of the manufacture of medicines;
- rules for storage and sale;
- distinguish varieties and groups;
- navigate the composition and dosage;
- rules for the use of pharmacological agents;
- understand the original and finished substances.
In addition to existing skills, a specialist must also have mandatory knowledge, such as:
- device and technology of medical equipment;
- the basis of the activities of «clean zones»;
- international standards;
- drug production technology;
- the market for popular drugs;
- basics of marketing;
- rights and obligations on the legal side (trade and manufacture of medicines);
- rules for conducting transactions — agreements and contracts.
The pharmacist has the opportunity to carry out his activities abroad, so knowledge of foreign languages \u200b\u200b- English and the official language of the country in which you have to work may be required.
To get a higher education in the specialty «pharmacy», you must apply to a medical school, and for a secondary one, a college is enough. The duration of training after grade 11 is 2 years 10 months, after grade 9 — a year more. Medical education involves a full-time full-time form.
To enter, it is important to present all the documents to the commission:
- certificate of general education;
- photographs 3 by 4 cm;
- copies of the passport and the results of the GIA / Unified State Examination;
- certificate of medical examination.
The main subject is chemistry. Psychological testing for secondary education is optional. If you have a professional education, the training period will be 1 year 10 months. That’s just the commission to the documents you need to provide a copy or original of the diploma. After a student has graduated as a pharmacist, he can go to college.
Studying as a pharmacist involves a longer education, so there are features:
- you need to pass basic exams in chemistry, biology and the Russian language, sometimes entrance tests may be required (from the institution itself);
- have to study 5 years at the university before receiving a specialist diploma;
- obtain a license to carry out medical activities through accreditation, only then can a graduate become an active pharmacist.
To improve professional skills, a student has the right to take courses and seminars of distance learning. In general, the pharmacist must be trained full-time, but exceptions are possible. So, if a student already has a professional medical education, then he has the right to switch to a part-time form. This is mostly in the 4th or 5th year. Correspondence form is possible, but only some institutions practice it.
For continuous medical activity, a pharmacist must constantly undergo retraining and advanced training. A continuous period of learning and skill improvement is important as pharmacy evolves and new medicines emerge that need to be known (characteristics and effects).
In addition to a diploma, a certificate confirming the right to conduct medical practice is required to carry out professional activities. For certification, a pharmacist needs training on the basis of professional education in a higher medical institution (in internship and postgraduate studies). A specialist without a certificate can work in the profession, but only under the guidance of senior colleagues.
Obtaining a certificate is necessary for full-fledged work. But there are some nuances in the form of specialized courses and the cost of education. The specialist must pay for an additional direction of medical activity from his own budget.. As for obtaining higher professional education, independent admission is real only with the successful passing of the Unified State Examination (for this, they study the main subjects).
There is a list of the most prestigious places of study, but each person chooses the right place depending on the geographical location, their own preferences.
The most demanded following institutions in Russia, after training in which you can work as a pharmacist:
- St. Petersburg State Medical University named after Pavlov;
- Kazan State Medical University;
- Pirogov Russian Research Medical University;
- Moscow State Medical University named after Sechenov;
- Saratov State Medical University named after Razumovsky.
The choice of education is in front of every student. Successful admission requires good USE results and an impulse to learn new things. A medical university will allow you to get a secondary or higher education in your chosen profession. The pharmacist is in demand and earns well.
The field of activity of a pharmaceutical specialist is multifaceted, but mainly focused on a pharmacy. The exact salary is formed individually, it is influenced by certain factors:
- geographical remoteness of the object;
- skill level;
- experience and acquired skills;
- job activity;
- working hours, number of shifts.
The pharmacist receives a higher salary than a pharmacist or novice specialists. The average salary in Russia for a pharmacist with higher education is from 25 to 70 thousand (this is an approximate figure).
When working with foreign companies, the amount increases significantly, approximately 2 times.
After completing training in the specialty of a pharmacist, the graduate is looking for a job. In the future — a prestigious and highly paid place (often this comes with experience). Depending on the field of activity, the position of a pharmacist also differs. Now there are many interesting offers from employers for pharmacologists on the service market, so it is possible for anyone to find a suitable place.
With advanced training, a specialist has the right to apply for a high position and a different salary (higher than for beginners). The work is not affected by external factors. Even when moving, the profession is still in demand and interesting. A medical graduate can try different jobs, such as:
- pharmacy manager;
- pharmacy network management;
- consultation of a doctor in a hospital on pharmacy issues;
- warehouse or pharmacy employee;
- responsible for the production and quality of drugs;
- a senior officer capable of issuing licenses and certificates;
- managing the process of selling pharmaceutical products;
- responsible for drug market monitoring.
In addition to the usual work in medical institutions, a pharmacist-pharmacist can get a job in the field of teaching, especially at a university that he graduated from. This is lecturing in professional disciplines:
- in college;
- at the university, institute;
- by invitation — part-time, in this case it is possible to combine with the main job.
A specialist can work with a diploma when setting up his own business, if you open a pharmacy or a whole network. To do this, you just need to settle the legal side of the issue.