Who is a repairman and what does he do?

All kinds of devices, large units and small devices surround people in all sectors of life without exception. Technique has become so firmly entrenched in our lives that as soon as it breaks down, a person immediately loses his usual comfort. In order for all devices to work smoothly, a repair specialist is needed.

What is this profession?

The profession of a mechanic-repairman is rooted in the distant past. It appeared at a time when mankind began to master the manufacture of complex mechanisms: locksmiths were required for their maintenance. In the old days, these craftsmen were responsible for the assembly of devices, their commissioning, subsequent technical support, and repairs if necessary.

This specialty got its name from several words — the German «lock» (schlosser) and the French «replacement» (remonte). This is no coincidence, because the first locksmiths repaired broken locks. The first mention of these craftsmen is contained in the Danish archives, it is dated 1463. In the history of Russia, the Lefty from the work of Nikolai Leskov is considered the most famous repairman. He managed not only to repair a metal flea, but also to forge it.

With the development of technology, the functionality of these masters expanded. Today, it is no longer limited to repairing lock mechanisms alone. Nowadays, the profession is divided into many narrow areas, which directly depend on what devices the master works with. Thus, the ETKS designates a specialist in the repair of machine-building, chemical, and mining equipment, a car mechanic, a toolmaker, an NGO mechanic, a plumber, and even a generalist. It is possible to single out such a new direction as a fitter. This position, in accordance with the tariff and qualification directory, is classified as a repairman, but at the same time it is functionally slightly different. Masters in this field are more likely to be responsible for assembling and adjusting devices and mechanisms for the subsequent achievement of equipment efficiency. They do a lot less maintenance work.


In any case, regardless of the direction of specialization, the professional standard and job responsibilities of each master will certainly include several types of locksmith work:

  • assembly, adjustment, as well as repair and replacement of elements, parts and assemblies;

  • metal bending;

  • grinding;

  • thread cutting;

  • scraping and other works.

In most cases, this specialist deals with steel and other types of metals. Although certain areas involve the use of plastics, wood and some other materials. In their work, they use mostly simple tools such as a screwdriver, hammer, saw, pliers and chisel. Technological machines and units are not used by them.


With the development of modern technology, the position of a repairman has become one of the most sought after. Almost every enterprise — both industrial and commercial — has its own department, whose employees are engaged in various types of repair work:

  • current — when it is necessary to quickly replace a defective part;

  • preventive — when the functionality and correct operation of all production units and mechanisms are checked with a given regularity, if necessary, they are commissioned and then brought to working condition;

  • capital — when worn out and broken systems are replaced to improve their efficiency and productivity.

Thus, the main task of a repairman is to identify all breakdowns in a timely manner, correct them correctly, restore broken / worn out elements, adjust and grind together, and also protect against corrosion processes. At the same time, the quality and speed of such actions largely determine the efficiency of the entire enterprise as a whole.


Pros and cons


Technological progress does not stand still, mechanisms are constantly being improved. Therefore, the main advantage of master repairmen is that they are always in demand in the service market. A certified instrument repairman with experience in any socio-economic environment will be able to find a job for himself. And if he has extensive work experience and high qualifications, he can claim a good salary.

The realities of the profession are such that the repairman in his work has to use many different tools. It is no coincidence that representatives of this profession can be called generalists, as they say, of all trades. The specificity of the activity develops in him the ability to understand any mechanisms, devices and devices. This is a big plus, since such skills often become a source of additional income — every home and office has equipment, so experienced repairmen earn extra money in their spare time.

The disadvantages of the specialty are associated with its irregular working day. Equipment breaks down beyond the clock, so locksmiths have to carry out repairs in the evening and at night, weekends and holidays. And if the breakdown is large-scale and delays the production process, then the master is forced to work literally for days on end, completely forgetting about the lunch break and a night’s sleep.

The conditions in which the repairman works can in no way be attributed to comfortable. Professional activity involves an abundance of dirt in the truest sense of the word.

This profession requires maximum attention, concentration and scrupulousness. This is a monotonous work that not everyone can endure. Agree, not everyone will be able, without experiencing internal irritation, to repeatedly assemble and disassemble the same device again in an attempt to establish the cause of the breakdown. Only the person who is predisposed to monotonous work and understands it is capable of this work. People who are impatient in this profession are unlikely to achieve noticeable success.


Responsibilities


The full list of duties of a repairman depends on his qualifications and the direction of his professional activity. In its most general form, its labor functions include:

  • carrying out repair work;

  • assembly-disassembly, as well as adjustment of instruments and production units;

  • installation and dismantling, adjustment and repair of components, assemblies and other equipment, as well as their delivery after repair work;

  • locksmith processing of mechanisms;

  • manufacture of complex devices for installation and restoration;

  • carrying out rigging work using lifting and transport units and specialized devices;

  • timely detection and prompt elimination of any flaws in the working mechanisms during their use, compilation and submission of a defective statement;

  • testing of restored equipment under load, reconciliation of the accuracy of its functioning.


The repairman has the right to:

  • give instructions to employees subordinate to him within the scope of his official functions;

  • keep under control the fulfillment of the assigned tasks by subordinate employees;

  • request documents and other materials related to the scope of his work;

  • interact with related departments of the company on any issues included in the list of professional duties;

  • take part in the development of company development projects in the part related to the work of the department;

  • offer the authorities for consideration any proposals for optimizing work within their competence;

  • inform the head of the enterprise about any identified violations in connection with the performed professional tasks.


In accordance with Russian law, a repairman is liable, in some cases even criminal. The reasons may be:

  • non-fulfillment or improper fulfillment of orders and instructions of the immediate superior;

  • non-fulfillment or improper fulfillment of the tasks delegated to him;

  • use of official powers for personal gain;

  • inaccurate data in the course of the delegated work;

  • failure to take timely response measures in case of detection of violations of fire safety standards, safety regulations and other norms that led to a threat to the activities of the company and its employees.


Primary requirements


Personal qualities

The law does not regulate demographic restrictions on this position. However, as practice shows, such a profession is too difficult for women, so the overwhelming majority of repairmen are men. However, there are a number of medical contraindications. These include:

  • pathology of the musculoskeletal system;

  • diseases of the cardiovascular system and respiratory organs;

  • predisposition to allergic diseases;

  • visual defects;

  • neuropsychiatric disorders.

Applicants for the position of a repairman must have a certain set of personal characteristics:

  • good eye;

  • developed fine motor skills of the hands;

  • spatial thinking;

  • high organization;

  • attentiveness;

  • perseverance;

  • accuracy;

  • persistence;

  • creativity;

  • a responsibility.


Knowledge and skills


In order to perform their job professionally, a repairman must be well versed in:

  • design and arrangement of serviced mechanisms, instruments and other equipment;

  • rules and norms of regulation of devices and units;

  • techniques for eliminating technical defects during assembly, subsequent testing and restoration of equipment;

  • device, purpose and operational features of CIMs;

  • the structure of devices of universal and specialized types;

  • marking options and methods for processing units and mechanical parts;

  • principles of operation of the system of landings and tolerances;

  • technical and chemical parameters of alloys, including acid-resistant ones;

  • basic standards for scheduled maintenance of production equipment;

  • codes of technical standards for assembly, adjustment, testing, adjustment, restoration, units and other equipment;

  • stages of the technological course of assembly, installation and restoration of production devices;

  • norms and rules for testing production devices for balancing;

  • the intricacies of the geometry of constructions when marking;

  • methods for identifying the degree of wear of the working parts of mechanisms;

  • technique of restoration of worn-out elements;

  • coating methods.


In his work, the repairman must be guided by:

  • current regulatory acts of federal and municipal significance;

  • methodological materials on all aspects of the duties performed;

  • the requirements of the internal regulations of the company;

  • orders of the company’s management.

The locksmith must also be familiar with the basic rules of safety, labor protection, instructions for fire protection and industrial sanitation.


The mechanic-repairman must confirm his qualifications. Evaluation of its activities is carried out:

  • by the head — constantly in the course of the daily performance by the master of his official functions;

  • certification commission — periodically, but not less than once every two years.

The basic criterion for evaluating the professional activity of a repairman at an enterprise is the completeness, quality and efficiency of the work they carry out, provided for by the DI.


Education


Training for the profession of a repairman can be completed at a college where there is a direction “master of locksmith work”. Training can be carried out in several programs:

  • repair of tractors and other agricultural machines;

  • repair of boiler equipment;

  • repair of communication lines and rolling stock, and many others.

Admission to technical schools is made on the basis of 9 or 11 classes. There is no need to take exams — enrollment is based on the competition of certificates.

Since the activity of a repairman is primarily related to practical skills, it is possible to master the intricacies of the profession only in the process of work. Theoretical knowledge alone will not be enough. To do this, future masters are employed by apprentices in production workshops, where, under the patronage of a qualified employee, they acquire the basic skills required to perform the work.

On its own, a college degree, even along with a record of an apprenticeship in the workplace, will not help you advance in your career. The only thing that young specialists can count on is the position of a foreman or a senior foreman. That is why many graduates continue their studies at universities in the direction of «mechanics». This opens up much broader professional prospects.


Salary


Repairmen can get a job in companies operating in the construction machinery industry:

  • agricultural, refrigeration, oilfield and industrial equipment;

  • reloading devices and GPM;

  • fuel equipment;

  • agricultural machinery.

The career growth of a repairman consists in increasing his qualification level, followed by a corresponding increase in the amount of wages. That is why it is unlikely that it will be possible to make a career and achieve highly paid positions without obtaining additional education with confirmation of qualifications.

However, all these expenditures of time and effort are fully justified, contractors and utilities are always interested in specialists with a category above 3 (4 or 5), with more than 2 years of experience. And if a driver’s license is attached to this, then the chances of finding a job increase dramatically.

On average in Russia, the salary of a repairman is from 20 to 30 thousand rubles. The higher the qualification, the higher the salary. In harsh working conditions, in remote regions, employers can pay 1.5-2 times more — there the payment can reach up to 75 thousand. In Moscow and St. Petersburg, the maximum bar is kept at around 90 thousand rubles.

Many locksmiths work privately in their free time. Moreover, this income is often comparable to the size of their official salary.


You will learn even more information about such a sought-after profession as a repairman by watching the following video.



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