ETKS, job description, professional standard for work. Responsibilities of a locksmith for the repair and maintenance of equipment 4 and other categories

Who is a repairman and what does he do?

All kinds of devices, large units and small devices sur­round peo­ple in all sec­tors of life with­out excep­tion. Tech­nique has become so firm­ly entrenched in our lives that as soon as it breaks down, a per­son imme­di­ate­ly los­es his usu­al com­fort. In order for all devices to work smooth­ly, a repair spe­cial­ist is need­ed.

What is this profession?

The pro­fes­sion of a mechan­ic-repair­man is root­ed in the dis­tant past. It appeared at a time when mankind began to mas­ter the man­u­fac­ture of com­plex mech­a­nisms: lock­smiths were required for their main­te­nance. In the old days, these crafts­men were respon­si­ble for the assem­bly of devices, their com­mis­sion­ing, sub­se­quent tech­ni­cal sup­port, and repairs if nec­es­sary.

This spe­cial­ty got its name from sev­er­al words — the Ger­man “lock” (schloss­er) and the French “replace­ment” (remonte). This is no coin­ci­dence, because the first lock­smiths repaired bro­ken locks. The first men­tion of these crafts­men is con­tained in the Dan­ish archives, it is dat­ed 1463. In the his­to­ry of Rus­sia, the Lefty from the work of Niko­lai Leskov is con­sid­ered the most famous repair­man. He man­aged not only to repair a met­al flea, but also to forge it.

With the devel­op­ment of tech­nol­o­gy, the func­tion­al­i­ty of these mas­ters expand­ed. Today, it is no longer lim­it­ed to repair­ing lock mech­a­nisms alone. Nowa­days, the pro­fes­sion is divid­ed into many nar­row areas, which direct­ly depend on what devices the mas­ter works with. Thus, the ETKS des­ig­nates a spe­cial­ist in the repair of machine-build­ing, chem­i­cal, and min­ing equip­ment, a car mechan­ic, a tool­mak­er, an NGO mechan­ic, a plumber, and even a gen­er­al­ist. It is pos­si­ble to sin­gle out such a new direc­tion as a fit­ter. This posi­tion, in accor­dance with the tar­iff and qual­i­fi­ca­tion direc­to­ry, is clas­si­fied as a repair­man, but at the same time it is func­tion­al­ly slight­ly dif­fer­ent. Mas­ters in this field are more like­ly to be respon­si­ble for assem­bling and adjust­ing devices and mech­a­nisms for the sub­se­quent achieve­ment of equip­ment effi­cien­cy. They do a lot less main­te­nance work.

In any case, regard­less of the direc­tion of spe­cial­iza­tion, the pro­fes­sion­al stan­dard and job respon­si­bil­i­ties of each mas­ter will cer­tain­ly include sev­er­al types of lock­smith work:

  • assem­bly, adjust­ment, as well as repair and replace­ment of ele­ments, parts and assem­blies;

  • met­al bend­ing;

  • grind­ing;

  • thread cut­ting;

  • scrap­ing and oth­er works.

In most cas­es, this spe­cial­ist deals with steel and oth­er types of met­als. Although cer­tain areas involve the use of plas­tics, wood and some oth­er mate­ri­als. In their work, they use most­ly sim­ple tools such as a screw­driv­er, ham­mer, saw, pli­ers and chis­el. Tech­no­log­i­cal machines and units are not used by them.

With the devel­op­ment of mod­ern tech­nol­o­gy, the posi­tion of a repair­man has become one of the most sought after. Almost every enter­prise — both indus­tri­al and com­mer­cial — has its own depart­ment, whose employ­ees are engaged in var­i­ous types of repair work:

  • cur­rent - when it is nec­es­sary to quick­ly replace a defec­tive part;

  • pre­ven­tive — when the func­tion­al­i­ty and cor­rect oper­a­tion of all pro­duc­tion units and mech­a­nisms are checked with a giv­en reg­u­lar­i­ty, if nec­es­sary, they are com­mis­sioned and then brought to work­ing con­di­tion;

  • cap­i­tal - when worn out and bro­ken sys­tems are replaced to improve their effi­cien­cy and pro­duc­tiv­i­ty.

Thus, the main task of a repair­man is to iden­ti­fy all break­downs in a time­ly man­ner, cor­rect them cor­rect­ly, restore bro­ken / worn out ele­ments, adjust and grind togeth­er, and also pro­tect against cor­ro­sion process­es. At the same time, the qual­i­ty and speed of such actions large­ly deter­mine the effi­cien­cy of the entire enter­prise as a whole.

Pros and cons

Tech­no­log­i­cal progress does not stand still, mech­a­nisms are con­stant­ly being improved. There­fore, the main advan­tage of mas­ter repair­men is that they are always in demand in the ser­vice mar­ket. A cer­ti­fied instru­ment repair­man with expe­ri­ence in any socio-eco­nom­ic envi­ron­ment will be able to find a job for him­self. And if he has exten­sive work expe­ri­ence and high qual­i­fi­ca­tions, he can claim a good salary.

The real­i­ties of the pro­fes­sion are such that the repair­man in his work has to use many dif­fer­ent tools. It is no coin­ci­dence that rep­re­sen­ta­tives of this pro­fes­sion can be called gen­er­al­ists, as they say, of all trades. The speci­fici­ty of the activ­i­ty devel­ops in him the abil­i­ty to under­stand any mech­a­nisms, devices and devices. This is a big plus, since such skills often become a source of addi­tion­al income — every home and office has equip­ment, so expe­ri­enced repair­men earn extra mon­ey in their spare time.

The dis­ad­van­tages of the spe­cial­ty are asso­ci­at­ed with its irreg­u­lar work­ing day. Equip­ment breaks down beyond the clock, so lock­smiths have to car­ry out repairs in the evening and at night, week­ends and hol­i­days. And if the break­down is large-scale and delays the pro­duc­tion process, then the mas­ter is forced to work lit­er­al­ly for days on end, com­plete­ly for­get­ting about the lunch break and a night’s sleep.

The con­di­tions in which the repair­man works can in no way be attrib­uted to com­fort­able. Pro­fes­sion­al activ­i­ty involves an abun­dance of dirt in the truest sense of the word.

This pro­fes­sion requires max­i­mum atten­tion, con­cen­tra­tion and scrupu­lous­ness. This is a monot­o­nous work that not every­one can endure. Agree, not every­one will be able, with­out expe­ri­enc­ing inter­nal irri­ta­tion, to repeat­ed­ly assem­ble and dis­as­sem­ble the same device again in an attempt to estab­lish the cause of the break­down. Only the per­son who is pre­dis­posed to monot­o­nous work and under­stands it is capa­ble of this work. Peo­ple who are impa­tient in this pro­fes­sion are unlike­ly to achieve notice­able suc­cess.


The full list of duties of a repair­man depends on his qual­i­fi­ca­tions and the direc­tion of his pro­fes­sion­al activ­i­ty. In its most gen­er­al form, its labor func­tions include:

  • car­ry­ing out repair work;

  • assem­bly-dis­as­sem­bly, as well as adjust­ment of instru­ments and pro­duc­tion units;

  • instal­la­tion and dis­man­tling, adjust­ment and repair of com­po­nents, assem­blies and oth­er equip­ment, as well as their deliv­ery after repair work;

  • lock­smith pro­cess­ing of mech­a­nisms;

  • man­u­fac­ture of com­plex devices for instal­la­tion and restora­tion;

  • car­ry­ing out rig­ging work using lift­ing and trans­port units and spe­cial­ized devices;

  • time­ly detec­tion and prompt elim­i­na­tion of any flaws in the work­ing mech­a­nisms dur­ing their use, com­pi­la­tion and sub­mis­sion of a defec­tive state­ment;

  • test­ing of restored equip­ment under load, rec­on­cil­i­a­tion of the accu­ra­cy of its func­tion­ing.

The repair­man has the right to:

  • give instruc­tions to employ­ees sub­or­di­nate to him with­in the scope of his offi­cial func­tions;

  • keep under con­trol the ful­fill­ment of the assigned tasks by sub­or­di­nate employ­ees;

  • request doc­u­ments and oth­er mate­ri­als relat­ed to the scope of his work;

  • inter­act with relat­ed depart­ments of the com­pa­ny on any issues includ­ed in the list of pro­fes­sion­al duties;

  • take part in the devel­op­ment of com­pa­ny devel­op­ment projects in the part relat­ed to the work of the depart­ment;

  • offer the author­i­ties for con­sid­er­a­tion any pro­pos­als for opti­miz­ing work with­in their com­pe­tence;

  • inform the head of the enter­prise about any iden­ti­fied vio­la­tions in con­nec­tion with the per­formed pro­fes­sion­al tasks.

In accor­dance with Russ­ian law, a repair­man is liable, in some cas­es even crim­i­nal. The rea­sons may be:

  • non-ful­fill­ment or improp­er ful­fill­ment of orders and instruc­tions of the imme­di­ate supe­ri­or;

  • non-ful­fill­ment or improp­er ful­fill­ment of the tasks del­e­gat­ed to him;

  • use of offi­cial pow­ers for per­son­al gain;

  • inac­cu­rate data in the course of the del­e­gat­ed work;

  • fail­ure to take time­ly response mea­sures in case of detec­tion of vio­la­tions of fire safe­ty stan­dards, safe­ty reg­u­la­tions and oth­er norms that led to a threat to the activ­i­ties of the com­pa­ny and its employ­ees.

Primary requirements

Personal qualities

The law does not reg­u­late demo­graph­ic restric­tions on this posi­tion. How­ev­er, as prac­tice shows, such a pro­fes­sion is too dif­fi­cult for women, so the over­whelm­ing major­i­ty of repair­men are men. How­ev­er, there are a num­ber of med­ical con­traindi­ca­tions. These include:

  • pathol­o­gy of the mus­cu­loskele­tal sys­tem;

  • dis­eases of the car­dio­vas­cu­lar sys­tem and res­pi­ra­to­ry organs;

  • pre­dis­po­si­tion to aller­gic dis­eases;

  • visu­al defects;

  • neu­ropsy­chi­atric dis­or­ders.

Appli­cants for the posi­tion of a repair­man must have a cer­tain set of per­son­al char­ac­ter­is­tics:

  • good eye;

  • devel­oped fine motor skills of the hands;

  • spa­tial think­ing;

  • high orga­ni­za­tion;

  • atten­tive­ness;

  • per­se­ver­ance;

  • accu­ra­cy;

  • per­sis­tence;

  • cre­ativ­i­ty;

  • a respon­si­bil­i­ty.

Knowledge and skills

In order to per­form their job pro­fes­sion­al­ly, a repair­man must be well versed in:

  • design and arrange­ment of ser­viced mech­a­nisms, instru­ments and oth­er equip­ment;

  • rules and norms of reg­u­la­tion of devices and units;

  • tech­niques for elim­i­nat­ing tech­ni­cal defects dur­ing assem­bly, sub­se­quent test­ing and restora­tion of equip­ment;

  • device, pur­pose and oper­a­tional fea­tures of CIMs;

  • the struc­ture of devices of uni­ver­sal and spe­cial­ized types;

  • mark­ing options and meth­ods for pro­cess­ing units and mechan­i­cal parts;

  • prin­ci­ples of oper­a­tion of the sys­tem of land­ings and tol­er­ances;

  • tech­ni­cal and chem­i­cal para­me­ters of alloys, includ­ing acid-resis­tant ones;

  • basic stan­dards for sched­uled main­te­nance of pro­duc­tion equip­ment;

  • codes of tech­ni­cal stan­dards for assem­bly, adjust­ment, test­ing, adjust­ment, restora­tion, units and oth­er equip­ment;

  • stages of the tech­no­log­i­cal course of assem­bly, instal­la­tion and restora­tion of pro­duc­tion devices;

  • norms and rules for test­ing pro­duc­tion devices for bal­anc­ing;

  • the intri­ca­cies of the geom­e­try of con­struc­tions when mark­ing;

  • meth­ods for iden­ti­fy­ing the degree of wear of the work­ing parts of mech­a­nisms;

  • tech­nique of restora­tion of worn-out ele­ments;

  • coat­ing meth­ods.

In his work, the repair­man must be guid­ed by:

  • cur­rent reg­u­la­to­ry acts of fed­er­al and munic­i­pal sig­nif­i­cance;

  • method­olog­i­cal mate­ri­als on all aspects of the duties per­formed;

  • the require­ments of the inter­nal reg­u­la­tions of the com­pa­ny;

  • orders of the com­pa­ny’s man­age­ment.

The lock­smith must also be famil­iar with the basic rules of safe­ty, labor pro­tec­tion, instruc­tions for fire pro­tec­tion and indus­tri­al san­i­ta­tion.

The mechan­ic-repair­man must con­firm his qual­i­fi­ca­tions. Eval­u­a­tion of its activ­i­ties is car­ried out:

  • by the head — con­stant­ly in the course of the dai­ly per­for­mance by the mas­ter of his offi­cial func­tions;

  • cer­ti­fi­ca­tion com­mis­sion — peri­od­i­cal­ly, but not less than once every two years.

The basic cri­te­ri­on for eval­u­at­ing the pro­fes­sion­al activ­i­ty of a repair­man at an enter­prise is the com­plete­ness, qual­i­ty and effi­cien­cy of the work they car­ry out, pro­vid­ed for by the DI.


Train­ing for the pro­fes­sion of a repair­man can be com­plet­ed at a col­lege where there is a direc­tion “mas­ter of lock­smith work”. Train­ing can be car­ried out in sev­er­al pro­grams:

  • repair of trac­tors and oth­er agri­cul­tur­al machines;

  • repair of boil­er equip­ment;

  • repair of com­mu­ni­ca­tion lines and rolling stock, and many oth­ers.

Admis­sion to tech­ni­cal schools is made on the basis of 9 or 11 class­es. There is no need to take exams — enroll­ment is based on the com­pe­ti­tion of cer­tifi­cates.

Since the activ­i­ty of a repair­man is pri­mar­i­ly relat­ed to prac­ti­cal skills, it is pos­si­ble to mas­ter the intri­ca­cies of the pro­fes­sion only in the process of work. The­o­ret­i­cal knowl­edge alone will not be enough. To do this, future mas­ters are employed by appren­tices in pro­duc­tion work­shops, where, under the patron­age of a qual­i­fied employ­ee, they acquire the basic skills required to per­form the work.

On its own, a col­lege degree, even along with a record of an appren­tice­ship in the work­place, will not help you advance in your career. The only thing that young spe­cial­ists can count on is the posi­tion of a fore­man or a senior fore­man. That is why many grad­u­ates con­tin­ue their stud­ies at uni­ver­si­ties in the direc­tion of “mechan­ics”. This opens up much broad­er pro­fes­sion­al prospects.


Repair­men can get a job in com­pa­nies oper­at­ing in the con­struc­tion machin­ery indus­try:

  • agri­cul­tur­al, refrig­er­a­tion, oil­field and indus­tri­al equip­ment;

  • reload­ing devices and GPM;

  • fuel equip­ment;

  • agri­cul­tur­al machin­ery.

The career growth of a repair­man con­sists in increas­ing his qual­i­fi­ca­tion lev­el, fol­lowed by a cor­re­spond­ing increase in the amount of wages. That is why it is unlike­ly that it will be pos­si­ble to make a career and achieve high­ly paid posi­tions with­out obtain­ing addi­tion­al edu­ca­tion with con­fir­ma­tion of qual­i­fi­ca­tions.

How­ev­er, all these expen­di­tures of time and effort are ful­ly jus­ti­fied, con­trac­tors and util­i­ties are always inter­est­ed in spe­cial­ists with a cat­e­go­ry above 3 (4 or 5), with more than 2 years of expe­ri­ence. And if a dri­ver’s license is attached to this, then the chances of find­ing a job increase dra­mat­i­cal­ly.

On aver­age in Rus­sia, the salary of a repair­man is from 20 to 30 thou­sand rubles. The high­er the qual­i­fi­ca­tion, the high­er the salary. In harsh work­ing con­di­tions, in remote regions, employ­ers can pay 1.5–2 times more — there the pay­ment can reach up to 75 thou­sand. In Moscow and St. Peters­burg, the max­i­mum bar is kept at around 90 thou­sand rubles.

Many lock­smiths work pri­vate­ly in their free time. More­over, this income is often com­pa­ra­ble to the size of their offi­cial salary.

You will learn even more infor­ma­tion about such a sought-after pro­fes­sion as a repair­man by watch­ing the fol­low­ing video.

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