In the age of high technological possibilities, a stream of various information falls upon a person. It is often required to master a large amount of information in a short period of time, quickly process new material, extract the most important information from it and filter out false data. Such goals can be achieved with the help of a diagonal reading of texts.
What it is?
Speed reading means reading the whole book or even several sources in a day. This means that a person is able to instantly cover a whole page with his eyesight and understand it. The technique of speed reading is reduced to viewing the entire text with a glance, when the eyes move from one line to another along a broken trajectory in the form of a snake. The gaze is directed diagonally from left to right. In order to fully understand the fragment, a person uses peripheral vision.
For a good understanding of quickly read texts, expanding horizons and improving memory, a meaningful and reasonable approach to the results obtained is required. Speed reading is used in the study of scientific articles, textbooks and special literature. It increases the speed of preparing for exams and acquiring a general level of knowledge. This method is not suitable for reading works of art, since such literature involves a colorful presentation of the events described and obtaining aesthetic pleasure from reading.
Rational reading frees up extra time to do other things.
Those who want to learn how to read quickly need to set themselves up for this process and isolate themselves from external stimuli. It is important to concentrate on working with the text. The reader’s eyes should move as they please. In this case, it is desirable not to control the direction of your gaze. Fight involuntary attempts to go back to previous lines.
You can quickly read books in a zigzag way by turning the text you see into images or information blocks. Speaking a fragment slows down the speed of perception of information. Silent articulation also negatively affects the speed of reading, so any movement of the lips and mental pronunciation of the text should be completely excluded. Do not go back to the fragments you read, otherwise you can knock down the concentration of attention and get confused. Do not try to see the whole line, learn to recognize it by one word.
There are a few other very important rules.
- Focus on the entire text. It is necessary to focus on the entire text, and not on individual fragments. A high level of concentration contributes to complete immersion in the contents of the book. The reader perceives and understands information better.
- Eye movement diagonally. The reading direction should be from the top left corner to the bottom right of the page. It is not allowed to move the gaze to the left and right. Eyes should be moved only diagonally. Stops are allowed only at the main points.
- Maximum coverage of information. It is necessary to try to survey a large amount of information without unnecessary eye movements. The goal is to familiarize yourself with the content of the entire page. It is necessary to fix your gaze in the center of the sheet. One fixation should be enough to understand the entire printed text. Information that has not fallen into the field of vision should be actively thought out using the imagination.
- Ignoring verbal garbage. We must learn to isolate key information, instantly removing water and skipping turns of speech in which there is no semantic load.
You can learn to read quickly with the help of traditional exercises for the development of speed reading, described in various methods. To increase the field of view during the process of reading books allows special gymnastics for the eyes. It contributes to the efficient use of the visual system. Reducing the time and number of commits per line increases the speed of reading. Stillness of the eyes while viewing the text helps to see most of it. There are various hemispheric synchronization techniques that contribute to the development of speed reading.
At the initial stage of learning speed reading, you can use a pointer or any other stick. The pointer slides over the lines, and the person does not return to the read material. After some time, the speed of reading increases, and the wand is no longer needed. The sighting method of diagonal reading involves the perception of the material without reading it. You need to view a specific fragment without reading it. Then you need to close your eyes and think about what it was about. Next, you should review the information again and understand what new information you have learned. Other effective methods are also very popular.
Expanding the angle of view with Schulte tables
Tables are numbers arranged randomly. You need to mentally silently arrange them in order. Randomly scattered numbers in a grid force a person to use peripheral vision. When looking for numbers, you need to focus your eyes on the central part of the table. Horizontal eye movements are prohibited.
If you can’t find all the numbers without taking your eyes off the center box, you can quickly look up and down. The goal is to view the entire grid while fixing the central digit with the left, right, bottom, top numbers. It is not so much the search for numbers that is important, but the concentration of attention and the simultaneous vision of the entire zone.
Mastering such actions contributes to an increase in reading speed through the use of a single-stage mode for analyzing printed characters and covering a voluminous field of readable text.
Reading for speed
You need to open a new book or article, note the time and read it at speed. Count the number of words you read in one minute. After the first reading, the speed should be more than 250 words. While practicing diagonal reading, try to pay attention to neighboring words. After a while, you will learn to concentrate on the word forms located around the main word. Gradually, the reading speed will increase. Fast diagonal reading of literature activates thought processes, which increases the percentage of memorization of the material.
Integral Reading Algorithm
The book should not only be read, but also understood, comprehended, remembered. This technique involves extracting the necessary information from the text without reading it completely. It is best to use imaginative thinking at this moment. You can use a ready-made scheme or come up with it yourself. To do this, you need to divide the information into separate blocks. For example, the title of the article, author, topic, main content, interesting facts, novelty of the material, controversial points. The integral reading method is suitable for studying various publications.
Isolation of semantic strong points
This method involves isolating the main idea. The content is reduced to concise phrases that highlight the main idea of the book. Associative rows can serve as a support. Choose bright and memorable associations.
Focusing on the main idea of the text helps to navigate well in the learned material.
Anticipation and reception
The reader can rely on the meaning of a large fragment. He is able to understand the entire text in a few sentences. Understanding occurs due to the accumulated semantic stereotypes and text stamps. Processing of the information read comes to automatism. It is enough for a person to see a few words to fully perceive the entire content. This semantic conjecture is called anticipation. A person, by some indirect signs of a work, foresees the development of events.
Reception means a mental return to the material read in order to better understand the text. Unlike regression, which is an involuntary return to read phrases, reception is a conscious return to a specific fragment in order to clarify incomprehensible points. The mechanical return to the read passages that occurs during regressions reduces the effectiveness of reading.
In reception, rereading links together previous and current phrases, so there is a more complete understanding of the text. Reading efficiency is greatly improved.