profession description. Training of specialists in universities. relevance in the modern world. pros cons

Roboticist: description and place of work

In the mod­ern world, robots began to be used lit­er­al­ly in all indus­tries, and robot­ics began to rapid­ly gain pop­u­lar­i­ty. In this regard, new pro­fes­sions began to appear that are relat­ed to the mod­el­ing, devel­op­ment and cre­ation of robot­ic sys­tems. One such pro­fes­sion is a roboti­cist.


A roboti­cist or a robot­ic engi­neer is one of the newest pro­fes­sions in the mod­ern world, the rel­e­vance and demand of which is only grow­ing rapid­ly over time. A spe­cial­ist work­ing in the field of robot­ics is an engi­neer in the field of micro­me­chan­ics. He is engaged in the cre­ation of robots and robot­ic sys­tems.

At the present time, such spe­cial­ists are in great demand in the glob­al labor mar­ket, and their work is pres­ti­gious and high­ly appre­ci­at­ed by employ­ers. This hap­pens because robots are cur­rent­ly used almost every­where. They are used for domes­tic pur­pos­es to sim­pli­fy house­keep­ing, for sci­en­tif­ic and research pur­pos­es, and some­times in com­bat. Robots are able to per­form dan­ger­ous work for peo­ple and per­form accu­rate and fast actions that a per­son is sim­ply not phys­i­cal­ly capa­ble of repeat­ing.

In addi­tion, robots can per­form their activ­i­ties effi­cient­ly and with­out inter­rup­tions, and in many indus­tries they can become a good replace­ment for humans. All this con­tributes to the robo­t­i­za­tion of almost all spheres of life. In this regard, we can say for sure that the demand for roboti­cists and oth­er spe­cial­ists who will be involved in the main­te­nance of smart devices and their cre­ation will only grow in the near future.

How­ev­er, it is worth con­sid­er­ing that a per­son who has decid­ed to become a spe­cial­ist in this field must have cer­tain skills and qual­i­ties. First of all, this is the pres­ence of a math­e­mat­i­cal mind­set and the abil­i­ty to solve com­plex math­e­mat­i­cal prob­lems — it will be very dif­fi­cult for a human­ist in this area. This should also include love for the exact sci­ences, since with­out in-depth knowl­edge of alge­bra, pro­gram­ming lan­guages, applied physics and math­e­mat­ics, math­e­mat­i­cal analy­sis and geom­e­try, robot­ics sim­ply will not be able to car­ry out their activ­i­ties effi­cient­ly and ful­ly.

Such a per­son must have good com­mu­ni­ca­tion skills and be able to work in a team, since sev­er­al spe­cial­ists are often involved in the cre­ation of com­plex robot­ic sys­tems at once.

It is also worth men­tion­ing here abil­i­ty to think crit­i­cal­ly and ana­lyze as well as the pres­ence of such qual­i­ties as per­se­ver­ance and per­se­ver­ance, because even the most expe­ri­enced roboti­cist is not always able to quick­ly and the first time deal with a par­tic­u­lar prob­lem or error.

Anoth­er impor­tant human qual­i­ty is obser­va­tion, which helps in time and quick­ly notice an error or defect in the sys­tem. The pres­ence of imag­i­na­tion and devel­oped fan­ta­sy, a pen­chant for exper­i­men­ta­tion are also use­ful for a spe­cial­ist who works in the field of robot­ics. It is a good imag­i­na­tion that large­ly con­tributes to the cre­ation of new devices and the improve­ment of those that already exist.

Of course, a spe­cial­ist who works in this field, It is impor­tant to be able to sys­tem­atize your knowl­edge. All knowl­edge relat­ed to the field of mechan­ics, pro­gram­ming and not only, a spe­cial­ist must be able to com­bine and apply in prac­tice. This also includes such a skill as the rapid assim­i­la­tion and pro­cess­ing of large vol­umes of very dif­fer­ent infor­ma­tion.

In addi­tion, of great impor­tance for robot­ics is abil­i­ty and desire for self-learn­ing. This is due to the fact that lit­er­al­ly every day new, more advanced tech­nolo­gies appear in the world, and there­fore even the most expe­ri­enced spe­cial­ist will peri­od­i­cal­ly need to update their knowl­edge, improve their skills in work­ing with updat­ed devices. Cours­es can help him with this, and many of them can be tak­en on the Inter­net for free.

pros cons

The pro­fes­sion of robot­ics, like any oth­er, has its advan­tages and dis­ad­van­tages. Let’s talk first about the pos­i­tive aspects of this pro­fes­sion. The most obvi­ous ben­e­fit is high salary of such a spe­cial­ist. The work of robot­ics is quite com­pli­cat­ed and painstak­ing, but it is appre­ci­at­ed. The amount of wages large­ly depends on the place of work and field of activ­i­ty. So, spe­cial­ists who take part in impor­tant projects or car­ry out their activ­i­ties in the mil­i­tary or space indus­try can earn about 300 thou­sand rubles a month.

Anoth­er big plus is the demand for spe­cial­ists in this pro­fes­sion in for­eign coun­tries. A roboti­cist who knows his job well and per­forms his work with high qual­i­ty has the oppor­tu­ni­ty to get a job in an inter­na­tion­al cor­po­ra­tion and move abroad. This is quite a pres­ti­gious and promis­ing oppor­tu­ni­ty, espe­cial­ly con­sid­er­ing the fact that the work of such spe­cial­ists in for­eign coun­tries is very high­ly paid.

Anoth­er advan­tage is employ­ment. Robot­ics, due to its wide range of com­pe­ten­cies, is easy to find a job, not only in the field of robot­ics, but also in many oth­er indus­tries. In addi­tion, it is impor­tant to note such a dig­ni­ty of this pro­fes­sion as rel­e­vance.

The pro­fes­sion of robot­ics can right­ful­ly be con­sid­ered the pro­fes­sion of the future, because every year it becomes more and more in demand and pop­u­lar. There­fore, a per­son who has received an edu­ca­tion in this area may not wor­ry that in the future his pro­fes­sion will lose its sig­nif­i­cance.

Now let’s move on to the dis­ad­van­tages of this spe­cial­ty. The first of these is dif­fi­cul­ties with employ­ment in the Russ­ian labor mar­ket spe­cif­ic to this spe­cial­i­ty. In the con­di­tions of our coun­try, such spe­cial­ists can receive high wages, but first they need to find a job. Dif­fi­cul­ties may arise with this, since the num­ber of vacan­cies is extreme­ly small, and the com­pe­ti­tion for them, on the con­trary, is quite high.

Anoth­er down­side is poor edu­ca­tion. Robot­ics is a rel­a­tive­ly new pro­fes­sion. Spe­cial­ties that are asso­ci­at­ed with this field of activ­i­ty appeared not so long ago. Because of this, edu­ca­tion­al pro­grams in these areas may vary depend­ing on the uni­ver­si­ty. As a result, it often turns out that a grad­u­ate sim­ply does not have the prop­er knowl­edge and skills that he needs to suc­cess­ful­ly find a job.

In addi­tion, anoth­er major draw­back is dif­fi­cul­ties with admis­sion. As men­tioned above, robot­ics and mecha­tron­ics is a new spe­cial­ty that is not found in all uni­ver­si­ties. In this regard, in order to enter train­ing in this area on a bud­getary basis, you will have to make every effort.

Professions related to robotics

There are many pro­fes­sions relat­ed to robot­ics. This is a fair­ly broad direc­tion, which is not tied to a spe­cif­ic indus­try. A spe­cial­ist in this pro­fes­sion, in sim­ple terms, must cre­ate and main­tain robots, includ­ing robot­ic tech­ni­cal sys­tems. Anoth­er pro­fes­sion is robot design­er. It has sev­er­al branch­es: a design­er of neur­al inter­faces for con­trol­ling robots, a design­er of chil­dren’s robot­ics, a design­er of med­ical robots, a design­er of home robots, and more. Each of these areas has its own nuances and its own specifics.

So, chil­dren’s robot­ics design­er cre­ates edu­ca­tion­al games and oth­er prod­ucts for chil­dren, while always tak­ing into account the psy­chophys­i­o­log­i­cal char­ac­ter­is­tics of chil­dren. And the design­er of home robots, on the con­trary, puts more empha­sis on the func­tion­al­i­ty of a smart machine, which should make life eas­i­er. But, if we talk about the pro­fes­sion of a design­er in gen­er­al, a spe­cial­ist work­ing in this field is respon­si­ble for the devel­op­ment, design and pro­gram­ming of smart devices.

There is anoth­er pro­fes­sion that is direct­ly relat­ed to robots — this is mobile robot­ics. A spe­cial­ist work­ing in the field of mobile robot­ics is respon­si­ble for the instal­la­tion, com­mis­sion­ing, oper­a­tion and main­te­nance of mobile robot­ic sys­tems. He also devel­ops, mod­els and opti­mizes the activ­i­ty of mobile robot­ics, is engaged in its repair and improve­ment. If you look at it as a whole, then a per­son who wants to con­nect his life with robot­ics has a place to roam. It remains only to choose the area of ​​\u200b\u200bactivity that you like.


The pro­fes­sion of robot­ics is quite com­plex and time-con­sum­ing.. A per­son who works in this field has a large num­ber of respon­si­bil­i­ties. So, he is engaged in mod­el­ing, devel­op­ment and cre­ation of robots and robot­ic sys­tems, as well as selects and devel­ops mate­ri­als and electro­mechan­i­cal equip­ment nec­es­sary for them, iden­ti­fies and cor­rects crit­i­cal errors in the cre­at­ed devel­op­ments. His duties also include orga­ni­za­tion of main­te­nance and repair of robot­ic equip­ment and con­trol over it.

This pro­fes­sion­al’s respon­si­bil­i­ties also include par­tic­i­pa­tion in con­duct­ing exper­i­ments and test­ing of imple­ment­ed robot­ic sys­tems, con­trol over con­sump­tion and avail­abil­i­ty of nec­es­sary spare parts and parts in ware­hous­es, per­son­nel train­ing, as well as main­tain­ing reports and work­ing doc­u­ments. Of course, all this, as a rule, is not done by one per­son.

Often, to cre­ate a smart machine, pro­gram its actions, devel­op mechan­ics and elec­tron­ic parts, spe­cial­ists have to unite and work in a team.


To become a roboti­cist, high­er edu­ca­tion is required. First of all, the future spe­cial­ist needs to grad­u­ate from col­lege, study 11 class­es at school, pass the nec­es­sary exams or under­go pro­fes­sion­al retrain­ing. How­ev­er, voca­tion­al retrain­ing is only suit­able for peo­ple who already have a high­er edu­ca­tion. If we talk about edu­ca­tion after col­lege or school, then in order to mas­ter the pro­fes­sion, you need to enter the uni­ver­si­ty at the Fac­ul­ty of Mechan­ics in one of the fol­low­ing areas: “mecha­tron­ics and robot­ics”, “com­put­er con­trol tech­nolo­gies in robot­ics and mecha­tron­ics” or “robot­ic sys­tems and com­plex­es”.

There are few high­er edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tions in our coun­try that have these direc­tions. These include the fol­low­ing uni­ver­si­ties: MPEI Nation­al Research Uni­ver­si­ty, Ural Fed­er­al Uni­ver­si­ty named after the first Pres­i­dent of Rus­sia B. N. Yeltsin, Ural State Trans­port Uni­ver­si­ty, Novosi­birsk State Tech­ni­cal Uni­ver­si­ty and Far East­ern Fed­er­al Uni­ver­si­ty.

You will have to study for this pro­fes­sion for 4 years. How­ev­er, at this stage, a per­son will only receive a bach­e­lor’s degree. For the devel­op­ment in the field of robot­ics will have to enroll in grad­u­ate school and go through a few more years of study. Of course, at this stage, even after employ­ment, train­ing does not end. In order to improve their skills and fur­ther move up the career lad­der, a per­son will have to take addi­tion­al cours­es, the dura­tion of which, as a rule, is at least 3 months. Such cours­es will not only allow a spe­cial­ist to gain new knowl­edge and skills, but also increase his val­ue as an employ­ee in the labor mar­ket.

Place of work

Robot­ics is a fair­ly broad area. Hav­ing mas­tered this pro­fes­sion, a per­son gets the oppor­tu­ni­ty of employ­ment in many indus­tries, whether it be media, med­i­cine or pro­duc­tion. For the most part, spe­cial­ists work in research cen­ters, at var­i­ous enter­pris­es that spe­cial­ize in the cre­ation of robot­ics and the cre­ation of robot­ic sys­tems. Among such com­pa­nies are those that relate to the mil­i­tary indus­try, oil pro­duc­tion, min­ing, engi­neer­ing and more.

How much does he earn?

The salary of spe­cial­ists who are engaged in robot­ics can be dif­fer­ent. This large­ly depends on the expe­ri­ence of the spe­cial­ist, the com­plex­i­ty of his activ­i­ties, the amount of knowl­edge that he has and applies in prac­tice, as well as on what con­tri­bu­tion he makes to the cre­ation and devel­op­ment of the robot­ic sys­tem. In addi­tion, the amount of wages large­ly depends on the region of the coun­try where the spe­cial­ist lives and oper­ates. So, the salary of robot­ics in Moscow starts from 50 thou­sand rubles and more. Its exact size depends only on the field of activ­i­ty.

In the north­ern cap­i­tal of our coun­try, the salary of such a spe­cial­ist starts from 40 thou­sand rubles or more. If we talk about salary in the regions, then in this case it depends to a greater extent on the knowl­edge, skills and abil­i­ties of a spe­cial­ist.

In gen­er­al, the income of such work­ers is about 50 thou­sand rubles. If we talk about the aver­age salary in the CIS, then it ranges from 40 thou­sand rubles a month.

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