training and work of an electrician-diagnostician for trucks and cars. How to become a car electrician on your own from scratch? Job description


Auto electrician: duties and training

Auto elec­tri­cians are peo­ple who love cars, are inter­est­ed in them. Every year this pro­fes­sion is becom­ing more in demand, and the wages of pro­fes­sion­als are grow­ing. Below we will con­sid­er the pro­fes­sion­al duties of such a spe­cial­ist, insti­tu­tions where you can get spe­cial skills, as well as career prospects.

Description

The demand for the pro­fes­sion of an auto elec­tri­cian is explained by the fact that there are more and more cars every year. In addi­tion, each device must be ser­viced. A car elec­tri­cian can work at a ser­vice sta­tion, in a car repair shop and engage in pri­vate prac­tice.

The main duties of a spe­cial­ist in this pro­file are trou­bleshoot­ing the elec­tri­cal equip­ment of a car, trou­bleshoot­ing, as well as diag­nos­tics and tech­ni­cal inspec­tion for the pur­pose of pre­ven­tion.

Most of the short­com­ings are detect­ed through spe­cial equip­ment, and this great­ly facil­i­tates the work­flow.

Job description


The pro­fes­sion­al stan­dard of an auto elec­tri­cian (pro­fes­sion code: OKPDTR — 185118) includes the fol­low­ing work require­ments:

  • diag­nos­tics for break­downs;
  • car­ry­ing out repair work of elec­tri­cal wiring;
  • car alarm instal­la­tion;
  • diag­nos­tics by means of spe­cial equip­ment;
  • repair of elec­tron­ic con­trol units;
  • dis­man­tling, instal­la­tion of elec­tri­cal equip­ment.

By the nature of his posi­tion, the auto­di­ag­nos­ti­cian must car­ry out any work that is relat­ed to elec­tri­cal equip­ment, wiring, elec­tron­ic cir­cuits and vehi­cle con­trol sys­tems.

Responsibilities

The duties of a diag­nos­ti­cian include the study and elim­i­na­tion of break­downs using var­i­ous equip­ment. It is he who is engaged in diag­nos­tics, instal­la­tion and dis­man­tling of anti-theft sys­tems, auto light­ing devices. The spe­cial­ist must find and then trou­bleshoot the wiring: short cir­cuits, breaks. His respon­si­bil­i­ties include the repair of out­door auto­mo­tive light­ing.

Besides, a spe­cial­ist in this field should always be ready for unfore­seen cir­cum­stances, take ade­quate mea­sures to resolve prob­lems as soon as pos­si­ble. An expe­ri­enced spe­cial­ist with work expe­ri­ence in the pro­file quick­ly under­stands the break­down, and also quick­ly elim­i­nates it with the appro­pri­ate tools and parts. Oth­er labor duties of this spe­cial­ist are deter­mined by the job doc­u­men­ta­tion approved at the enter­prise or orga­ni­za­tion. At the same time, his pro­file of activ­i­ty does not mat­ter much.


Rights


The fol­low­ing rights are assigned to such a spe­cial­ist:

  • obtain­ing a uni­form with a remov­able set and the nec­es­sary pro­tec­tive equip­ment at the expense of the employ­er;
  • famil­iar­iza­tion with the doc­u­men­ta­tion relat­ing to its activ­i­ties;
  • the require­ment to main­tain the con­di­tions nec­es­sary for fruit­ful, effi­cient work;
  • pro­mote and pro­pose activ­i­ties to improve per­for­mance;
  • time­ly receipt of data required in the work.

A responsibility

The pro­fes­sion­al in the course of his activ­i­ty is respon­si­ble for:

  • for dam­age caused to the orga­ni­za­tion through his fault with­in the lim­its of the cur­rent Russ­ian leg­is­la­tion, the col­lec­tive agree­ment (but the respon­si­bil­i­ty of the employ­ee for dis­ci­pli­nary pun­ish­ment accord­ing to inter­nal doc­u­men­ta­tion stan­dards should not be stricter than it is pro­vid­ed for by the frame­work of Russ­ian laws);
  • for non-ful­fill­ment of oblig­a­tions stip­u­lat­ed by the rel­e­vant doc­u­men­ta­tion;
  • for non-com­pli­ance with safe­ty reg­u­la­tions in order to pre­vent acci­dents, con­t­a­m­i­na­tion of parts and mech­a­nisms, and oth­er risk sit­u­a­tions;
  • for vio­la­tion of the law in the course of their activ­i­ties.

Who suits?


This pro­fes­sion is suit­able for those who know a lot about cars, all tech­ni­cal inno­va­tions. The spe­cial­ist must have a num­ber of per­son­al char­ac­ter­is­tics:

  • socia­bil­i­ty, the abil­i­ty to come to a com­mon denom­i­na­tor with clients;
  • the abil­i­ty to cor­rect­ly inter­pret tech­ni­cal dia­grams, draw­ings;
  • the abil­i­ty to work in a not very uncom­fort­able posi­tion with var­i­ous details;
  • a clear eye, the abil­i­ty to remem­ber the main nuances;
  • good knowl­edge of physics, prin­ci­ples of elec­tric­i­ty;
  • accu­ra­cy, coher­ence of actions;
  • per­for­mance, per­se­ver­ance.

In addi­tion, you need to love your job, con­stant­ly devel­op, learn new things. After all, auto­mo­tive tech­nol­o­gy is con­stant­ly being updat­ed, mech­a­nisms are becom­ing more com­pli­cat­ed. If you do not devel­op, then you can be unnec­es­sary in your pro­fes­sion and lose your client base.

Education


Inter­est in auto electrics is good, but edu­ca­tion in this area is sim­ply nec­es­sary. Auto­di­ag­nos­tic spe­cial­iza­tion can be obtained in dif­fer­ent edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tions.

  • Sec­ondary spe­cial­ized edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tions and col­leges of voca­tion­al edu­ca­tion teach many spe­cial­ties. In such a place, it is pos­si­ble to get the spe­cial­iza­tion of a mas­ter in the repair and main­te­nance of auto­mo­biles, in the main­te­nance of motor vehi­cles, the oper­a­tion of trans­port equip­ment and automa­tion. The pos­i­tive aspects are the acqui­si­tion of a huge amount of knowl­edge, the dis­ad­van­tages are the small num­ber of hours allot­ted for prac­tice. There­fore, in order to become a high-class spe­cial­ist, it is nec­es­sary to con­stant­ly prac­tice inde­pen­dent­ly in the pro­fes­sion.
  • You can learn to become auto­di­ag­nos­tics at spe­cial­ized cours­es that are held in many large Russ­ian cities. Grad­u­ates receive an offi­cial doc­u­ment based on the results of pass­ing exams. The terms of train­ing, as a rule, are up to 2 months.
  • You can improve your skills through intern­ships in work­shops or at enter­pris­es. Some work as stu­dents of an auto elec­tri­cian, learn­ing all the basics of the pro­fes­sion from scratch.
  • For uni­ver­si­ty edu­ca­tion, appli­cants need to suc­cess­ful­ly pass the exam in the fol­low­ing sub­jects: math­e­mat­ics, Russ­ian, physics or social stud­ies.
  • Pupils after the end of the 9th grade will be trained in sec­ondary spe­cial­ized edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tions for 3 years. After the 11th grade, study­ing at uni­ver­si­ties for a bach­e­lor’s degree is 4 years, a spe­cial­ist’s degree is 5 years.
  • There is the pos­si­bil­i­ty of dis­tance learn­ing, but only in the the­o­ret­i­cal part. This pro­fes­sion requires mas­tery of prac­ti­cal knowl­edge.

Place of work


Among the employ­ers of diag­nos­ti­cians of auto­mo­tive equip­ment are:

  • tun­ing stu­dio;
  • auto repair shops;
  • ser­vice sta­tions;
  • ser­vice cen­ters of the largest auto­mo­bile man­u­fac­tur­ers;
  • com­pa­nies with an impres­sive fleet of vehi­cles: trans­port com­pa­nies, pub­lic trans­port com­pa­nies, ser­vice cen­ters for trucks;
  • the most promis­ing employ­ees pro­vide ser­vices at home.

In turn, mod­ern ser­vice work­shops should always have:

  • mobile diag­nos­tic equip­ment of mod­ern class;
  • spe­cial equip­ment for car repair, out­side the ser­vice room;
  • the most demand­ed auto parts to be replaced.

How much do they get?


Now there are not so many high­ly qual­i­fied spe­cial­ists in the labor mar­ket. There­fore, employ­ers are ready to increase the wages of auto­di­ag­nos­tics. The aver­age salary for pro­fes­sion­als of this lev­el is about 50,000 rubles, and they are ready to pay extra up to 75,000 rubles to a diag­nos­ti­cian, espe­cial­ly in the periph­ery. In pri­vate salons, car repair shops, diag­nos­ti­cians earn more. A large num­ber of vacan­cies are open to large cities, due to the huge flow of vehi­cles.

Career and prospects

An employ­ee’s career will go up if per­son­al and pro­fes­sion­al qual­i­ties are well devel­oped. An ordi­nary auto elec­tri­cian can become the head of a work­shop or a spe­cial­ized salon. And start­ing your own busi­ness should always be a pri­or­i­ty.

Of course, if this is a state type enter­prise, then addi­tion­al edu­ca­tion will be required. To move up the career lad­der, some­times you need to secure good char­ac­ter­is­tics from clients, man­age­ment. At the moment, doors are open­ing every­where for high-class spe­cial­ists. And the mar­ket for cars and elec­tric vehi­cles has improved sig­nif­i­cant­ly. There­fore, smart heads, work­ing hands are wait­ing every­where. An auto elec­tri­cian is a fair­ly broad spe­cial­ist. Every year his pro­fes­sion­al skills become more and more in demand.

To become an extra-class spe­cial­ist, one needs not so much the­o­ret­i­cal knowl­edge as prac­ti­cal skills. They start their careers as an assis­tant to a qual­i­fied auto­mo­tive elec­tri­cian.

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