A description of the profession of a correspondent and the main duties of a reporter is very useful for those interested in such a specialization. It is important to find out in advance what the correspondent does and how much he receives. Other relevant points are how to become one without education, what subjects you need to take, etc.
Characteristics of the profession
A correspondent (reporter) is a person who prepares information blocks for various media. He will have to deal not only with simple «information inclusions», but also author’s programs. You can learn such a profession in various educational institutions or in your own practice. Correspondents, like other journalists, appeared in the 17th and 18th centuries, when large newspapers and magazines with significant circulations arose. As technology has advanced, so has journalism practice.
It is customary to divide correspondents into full-time and freelance staff. The first type is constantly collaborating with only one media outlet or editorial team. The second — independently chooses with whom to interact.
One way or another, they all work in irregular mode almost always. Business trips are also quite frequent.
What are there?
Writers of articles for the media are divided into many varieties. Even court reporters vary considerably in their specialization. Some write more about economic and arbitration disputes, others about criminal trials. In the courtroom, many restrictions must be observed, and communication with participants in the process is strictly regulated.
You will also have to master the skills of shorthand.
Closely related to judicial specialization and crime report. Such activities are sometimes very dangerous.
You can also report on:
- secular scandals;
- cultural issues;
- automotive technology;
- household appliances;
More correspondents are divided into:
- preparing materials for printed publications;
- cooperating with the Internet press;
- working on the radio;
- TV hosts.
The main job of a correspondent is to prepare reports.
By definition, they cannot have clear deadlines.
Media directors can be appointed to this position. They are introduced by the editor-in-chief. According to a typical job description, a correspondent is required to understand:
- media legislation;
- rules for the preparation of materials;
- features of information work;
- intricacies of editing;
- interview methods;
- journalistic ethics;
- rules for the use of voice recorders, cameras, and other equipment.
When working, the journalist is guided by the legislation of Russia (as well as other countries where he has to collect information). For full-time specialists, the norms of the organization’s routine and other regulations, direct orders from the management are significant. Regardless of the field of journalistic work, the correspondent does approximately the same types of work. Its most important function is to inform the editorial office of operational information and other materials, as well as to prepare its own publications.
He is also obliged, having received an editorial task, to establish contact with:
- civil servants;
- other journalists;
- members of the public;
- local government;
- celebrities and their environment;
- opinion leaders;
- politicians, union leaders.
A good journalist travels to the scene personally, if necessary, accompanied by a team of assistants. If required, he must himself obtain accreditation in the prescribed manner.
Interviewing is also an art. It goes through a pre-prepared list of questions, the compilation of which is not so easy to master. After interviewing and collecting other materials, testimonies and official comments, it is imperative to process all this, draw your own conclusions and assumptions.
The correspondent makes notes on his own — in notebooks or using audio and video equipment.
At the same time, both during the analysis of records and during the final processing of materials, you will have to personally verify the accuracy of the information collected.
Correspondents also help editors develop current and future work plans. They have the right to make suggestions on what topics to cover, to independently search for new topics. Journalists are also responsible for the accuracy of:
- dates and other facts.
The professional standard for media correspondents has been in force since 2014. According to him, their duties are:
- collect, prepare and provide relevant information through the media;
- follow the newsbreaks;
- plan interviews and reports, articles and notes;
- collect data that is necessary for a particular material;
- to form the material at a level that allows it to be easily edited, and ideally, immediately send it to print, transfer it to the broadcasting service;
- coordinate the topics of materials with editors;
- deeply study your topic or several topics, related information;
- formulate the main storyline of the planned materials;
- prepare reasonable schedules for each task and coordinate them;
- master the principles of effective communication;
- perform analysis of large information arrays;
- take photos and videos of events, backgrounds, individuals;
- organize the activities of the film crew;
- work in the frame and in front of the microphone;
- organize the work of other members of the reporting or film crew.
In the 21st century, many established ideas have changed significantly. Quite a few people managed to become correspondents even without education. In this case, it will be useful:
- copywriting or other text skills;
- solid stubbornness, allowing to break through barriers;
- deep knowledge of one topic, maximum two (it will be almost impossible to study more topics professionally).
But still much more likely to get a job if you get a specialized education. In this case, it is worth finding out what items you need to hand over. Admission to the faculty of journalism usually involves exams in:
- Russian language;
- English language (in other universities — social studies).
Do not think that you can only enter the faculty of journalism.
While special education is useful, a good number of outstanding journalists did not initially have specialized training. Among them are many:
- engineers and technicians.
The best profile training is conducted in:
- Moscow State University;
- National Research University Higher School of Economics;
- Plekhanov Russian University of Economics;
- St. Petersburg State University;
- Southern Federal University.
Place of work
A correspondent can get a job:
- on TV;
- in the newspaper;
- In the magazine;
- in the online edition;
- at the radio station
- in an advertising agency;
- in the publishing house;
- in the press service;
- as press secretary.
How much does he earn?
The salary of an ordinary correspondent varies from 35,000 to 60,000 rubles. Gradually reaching the position of editor-in-chief, it will be possible to receive at least 80,000 rubles. The demand for journalists is relatively low. But we must also take into account that journalists working on the road mostly have piecework pay. The tariff depends on the location of the event, the urgency and importance of the information; in some cases, they pay extra for the risk.
On average, by city, the minimum rates are as follows:
- in Moscow — 37500;
- in Kazan — 40,000;
- in Khabarovsk — 42,000;
- in Vladivostok — 43,000;
- in Voronezh — 33,000;
- Petersburg — 30,000 rubles.