All about the locksmith profession

Knowing everything about the profession of a locksmith, about what he does, is very important and interesting. In this case, the job description and description of the main jobs are of great importance.

It is necessary to clearly distinguish between locksmiths, testers and adjusters, construction specialists and masters of other areas.

Description

The idea of ​​most people about the profession of a locksmith is not too adequate. Some believe that this is a plumbing specialist, others only understand that he works with various mechanisms and metal. However, the important features of plumbing do not end there. The need for it arose immediately, as soon as attempts began to create somewhat complex mechanisms from metal. Today, such a need has become only sharper and larger; specialization within the profession.

You can meet locksmiths in industry, transport, energy, and construction. They are also needed by agriculture and many other areas — after all, complex equipment is used everywhere. But locksmith work involves with significant stress and injury. Strict adherence to safety standards is critical. This is not only about working methods, but also about personal protective equipment.

Unequivocal contraindications are:

  • bronchial asthma;
  • violation of the musculoskeletal function;
  • pathology of the central nervous system;
  • vision and hearing problems;
  • allergies of any kind;
  • cardiovascular abnormalities.


What are there?


Since it is impossible to thoroughly study all or even most branches of technology, there is a pronounced fragmentation among the holders of locksmith qualifications according to areas of activity. Anyway, Any mechanical device or fixture must be tested before use. This work is usually entrusted to testers. Basically, they find work in the field of armaments and military equipment, in aviation. The knowledge of testers is checked annually, and it is almost impossible to get around this requirement, enshrined in legislation.

Specializations such as patternmaker. Typically, these specialists deal with the complex finishing of mechanical parts. Compared to other categories of tool makers, pattern makers are a kind of elite. Over the past decades, their work has been largely mechanized. A machine operator is a professional who, on metal-cutting and machining machines, can produce parts that go to various mechanisms.

It is worth noting that such parts are obtained not only from metal, but also from:

  • plastic;
  • tree;
  • ceramics of special types;
  • glass.

The specialization of the adjuster, as its name implies, is designed to ensure the normal operation of technical systems and machine parks. Such a specialist is needed in woodworking and the food industry, the pharmacological workshop and aircraft assembly enterprises, wall block firms and clothing factories.


Servicemen are also responsible for the initial commissioning of the equipment. It is their word that is often decisive when determining what to repair and what to replace or leave unattended. At gas stations, at boiler houses and thermal power plants, at power plants and in transport organizations it is very often found fuel equipment fitter. He repairs various technical units and restores their performance. He is also responsible for regular maintenance and for the competent application of non-destructive testing methods.

But a locksmith can also be a construction worker. He repairs and adjusts various equipment, without which slingers and crane operators, bulldozers and painters, other builders and installers will not be able to fulfill the orders of the foreman. Locksmith work is also needed for underground facilities:

  • mines;
  • bunkers;
  • shelters;
  • subway;
  • gas pipelines and other pipelines.


Job description


This document cannot be ignored when servicing metal structures or dissimilar equipment. It prescribes who can appoint a specialist to a separate site or remove him, as well as issue specific instructions. The professional must know:

  • features of new and worn-out communications (devices), their signs externally and according to the indications of control equipment;
  • rules for starting and stopping equipment;
  • fire safety and labor protection standards;
  • other safety standards applicable to a particular facility or installation;
  • rules of action in case of emergency;
  • types of spare parts, the procedure for their removal and installation back;
  • temporary standards for the repair and maintenance of equipment;
  • spare parts consumption rates;
  • standards for the use of consumables.

The ETKS lists a number of specializations for locksmiths, each of which deals only with its own special profile and is incompetent outside of it. In addition, each profile has a division into digits. If we consider mechanics for fuel equipment of the 3rd category, then their duties according to the professional standard are:

  • disassembly and repair of carburetors;
  • adjustment of the same carburetors;
  • troubleshooting of fuel equipment and their elimination;
  • disassembly, assembly and repair of booster pumps.


For those who hold the position of an industrial equipment repairman, there is a professional standard under code 359. It prescribes the following basic functions and tasks of a 3rd category specialist:

  • repair, installation and dismantling of any equipment located on the site;
  • similar operations with any equipment;
  • rational use of control and measuring equipment;
  • skillful accounting of tolerances and landings, the correct determination of qualifications for accuracy.

Rank 4 Professional also does:

  • all troubleshooting work that reappeared during the repair;
  • commissioning preparation;
  • testing of industrial equipment in accordance with official test protocols.

The job description of a repairman instructs him to carry out:

  • scheduled preventive maintenance of equipment;
  • repair of technical equipment;
  • replacement of consumables and parts;
  • setting up machines;
  • search for the causes of premature wear and their elimination.


Education


Locksmith specialty is mastered at a decent level in institutions of secondary education. Education takes place on the basis of grades 9-11. The level of general education and the type of curriculum determines the duration of study — from 1 to 4 years. The fastest way to master a profession is when you enter after the 10th grade at the full-time department. But if we talk about training in the specialty «operation and installation of industrial equipment» in any industry, then here you will have to study for at least 3 years.

Attending courses is hardly justified. Many educational institutions organize coursework for 64 or 100 hours. This is suitable mainly for people who already own a technical specialty, who would like to master the skills of working in housing and communal services, repairing and adjusting household appliances. The necessary training is carried out at a high level:

  • Polytechnic College No. 8 in Moscow;
  • St. Petersburg College «Krasnoderevets»;
  • Ural Polytechnic College;
  • Industrial and Technological College of Yekaterinburg;
  • polytechnic Kazan and Ufa colleges;
  • engineering college of Ufa;
  • Engineering and Transport College of Vladivostok;
  • Tyumen College of Construction Industry and Municipal Economy.

Workplace


A locksmith can find a job in any company that specializes in locks. Such workshops and service organizations are even sometimes ready to accept specialists without experience. True, it is hardly possible to count on a high and even just a stable level of income. You can improve your chances if you immediately, even during training, look for a suitable place in industrial or heating enterprises or in a water utility. And ideally, it is advisable to immediately go to study according to the target set, combining training with work as an assistant, mastering the practical basics from scratch.

A very promising position — RTU, or more extensively, repair of technological installations. They work with the main equipment of the enterprise, make sure that it is cleaned and lubricated as it should be. It is also necessary to form threads on pipes, and prepare markings for further processing. Sometimes work goes with flanges, and with various other details. There are a number of other relevant manipulations.

Locksmiths are also promising in Russia:

  • NPO (oilfield equipment);
  • GPM (lifting mechanisms);
  • radio electronic equipment (REA).

The specific area of ​​the workplace is determined by the type of activity and types of equipment. The amount of work done is also important. When setting up a position indoors, the locksmith usually does not move far.

Outdoor venues can change frequently. Sometimes auxiliary workplaces are allocated, usually near the main equipment at the enterprise.

How much does he earn?


As with many other professions, the average salary of a locksmith is highly dependent on the region where they work. The professional level of a specialist and specialization also significantly affect. The average is like this:

  • a professional in mechanical assembly works receives 51,000 rubles;
  • when assembling metal structures, the monthly income reaches 45,000;
  • gas equipment repairmen can claim 42,000 per month;
  • locksmiths-welders are paid 49,000 each;
  • the salary of electricians is usually equal to 52,000 rubles.

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