work features. Job description and professional standard. Training, responsibilities by category. How much does he earn?

Tractor driver: description and place of work

The pro­fes­sion of a trac­tor dri­ver has been “afloat” for many years. Many young peo­ple are being trained to work in agri­cul­ture. Today we will con­sid­er how to become a trac­tor dri­ver, we will dwell on the descrip­tion of the pro­fes­sion itself and the place of work.


This pro­fes­sion has always been very pop­u­lar.. And even our age of uni­ver­sal com­put­er­i­za­tion is no excep­tion. The activ­i­ty of a trac­tor dri­ver has its own spe­cif­ic fea­tures, fea­tures. In order to mas­ter a pro­fes­sion, you need to under­go train­ing and get the appro­pri­ate crust. The pro­fes­sion of a trac­tor dri­ver appeared in the 30s of the last cen­tu­ry. This is the name of a per­son who dri­ves a vari­ety of trac­tors, includ­ing a vari­ety of high-tech machines.

The activ­i­ty includes work­ers of a wide pro­file, capa­ble of per­form­ing a large num­ber of very dif­fer­ent tasks. In our coun­try, many farms have old equip­ment, which should be con­stant­ly main­tained and repaired. Often, when apply­ing for a job, young trac­tor oper­a­tors are giv­en a trac­tor that is out of order or requires spe­cial main­te­nance.

Sub­se­quent­ly, the lev­el of wages depends on how suc­cess­ful the employ­ee is or how he wants to work.

Trac­tor dri­vers per­form a whole range of var­i­ous works:

  • load and unload agri­cul­tur­al prod­ucts, var­i­ous sub­stances for refu­el­ing and many oth­er things;
  • dri­ve a trac­tor equipped with a trail­er, which trans­ports var­i­ous goods;
  • oper­ate var­i­ous agri­cul­tur­al machines: from a grad­er to a bull­doz­er;
  • work sta­tion­ary, while using spe­cial equip­ment;
  • exam­ine the var­i­ous mech­a­nisms that are in the trac­tor;
  • refu­el the trac­tor and oth­er equip­ment with the nec­es­sary fuel;
  • if nec­es­sary, car­ry out repair work of the trac­tor, trail­ers, attach­ments.

Each trac­tor dri­ver must have a num­ber of pro­fes­sion­al qual­i­ties:

  • the spe­cial­ist must have inge­nu­ity, as he will have to solve the most com­plex tasks in a short time;
  • must have phys­i­cal strength, since in the process of work a per­son often con­nects or hooks a vari­ety of equip­ment;
  • have the skills to repair any vehi­cles and equip­ment;
  • have an accu­rate sen­so­ri­mo­tor reac­tion;
  • be inter­est­ed in trac­tor equip­ment and devices;
  • each of the trac­tor dri­vers is hardy, as he spends a large amount of time at the work­place — in excess of the norm;
  • the employ­ee must have excel­lent eye­sight and eye.

To work as a trac­tor dri­ver, a per­son must under­go an exam­i­na­tion in a med­ical insti­tu­tion every year, as a result of which it is con­firmed that he can engage in this activ­i­ty. Also shown is the annu­al brief­ing on how to work with agri­cul­tur­al machin­ery, units of attach­ments. The duties of the trac­tor dri­ver also include the need to check the equip­ment, whether it can work, and, if nec­es­sary, repair it. There are a num­ber of con­traindi­ca­tions, in the pres­ence of which a per­son can­not get a job as a trac­tor dri­ver. It is impos­si­ble to work on a trac­tor if there are dis­eases of the heart, blood ves­sels, with patholo­gies of vision and hear­ing, and ner­vous devi­a­tions.

The pro­fes­sion of a trac­tor dri­ver has a num­ber of pos­i­tive aspects: demand in var­i­ous areas of the nation­al econ­o­my, high wages, which increase sev­er­al times dur­ing har­vest­ing. Among the dis­ad­van­tages of the pro­fes­sion, pro­fes­sion­als note a high lev­el of respon­si­bil­i­ty. A per­son must be respon­si­ble not only for him­self, but also for oth­ers. The pro­fes­sion belongs to sea­son­al. In win­ter, wages are reduced sig­nif­i­cant­ly (in com­par­i­son with the sum­mer fig­ure).

The down­side is also the con­stant hard phys­i­cal labor. A per­son must make a lot of efforts to repair equip­ment.

Job description

All duties of a trac­tor dri­ver are spelled out in the job descrip­tion. The text makes it clear what the trac­tor dri­ver should focus on in the process of his work. There is also a list­ing of reg­u­la­tions, orders and instruc­tions used in the per­for­mance of duties. The job descrip­tion pre­scribes the knowl­edge that a trac­tor dri­ver must have, the mark­ing of the equip­ment that he must own. From the doc­u­ment it becomes clear what the employ­ee should do in the event of a break­down and an emer­gency.

The instruc­tion con­tains expla­na­tions on the orga­ni­za­tion of the work­place, com­pli­ance with hygiene rules. The types of labor duties of the trac­tor dri­ver are spelled out in the text, as well as infor­ma­tion when a spe­cial­ist must under­go safe­ty train­ing. Also, the trac­tor dri­ver needs knowl­edge of how to pro­vide first aid. Based on the instruc­tions, in order to work suc­cess­ful­ly, the trac­tor dri­ver must know the rules of the road. He also needs to under­stand how the key ele­ments and mech­a­nisms in tech­nol­o­gy are arranged. The spe­cial­ist must be able to oper­ate the trac­tor and var­i­ous devices nec­es­sary for the imple­men­ta­tion of the work process. A per­son must have the skills of a mechan­ic, and he must also be able to cope with any kind of break­down.

Anoth­er trac­tor dri­ver must man­age a cer­tain num­ber of peo­ple. For exam­ple, he may lead a group of stu­dents or assis­tants. At the same time, the spe­cial­ist is respon­si­ble for their health and the effec­tive­ness of the work process. This instruc­tion is used at the employ­er for a spe­cif­ic pur­pose, that is, it spec­i­fies and explains the items in the employ­ment con­tract.

The employ­ee is based in his work on the job descrip­tion, due to which he con­cen­trates on the com­plex of works pre­scribed in the text of the doc­u­ment. At the same time, he is giv­en the right to unlim­it­ed­ly use the pro­vi­sions pre­scribed here.

The doc­u­ment has legal sig­nif­i­cance. On its basis, judi­cial and admin­is­tra­tive labor pro­ceed­ings take place, which often end in favor of the employ­ee.

Responsibilities by category

Imme­di­ate­ly after train­ing, the trac­tor dri­ver takes an exam. A per­son gets a job when he receives a cer­tifi­cate. It pre­scribes what type of machines a spe­cial­ist can man­age, which is part of his duties. The duties of a trac­tor dri­ver include the per­for­mance of agri­cul­tur­al work. He knows how to dri­ve a trac­tor, trucks, trans­port car­go and load vehi­cles. He also car­ries out repairs of all avail­able equip­ment.

The spe­cial­ist also per­forms the same work, which con­sists in track­ing the equip­ment, in what con­di­tion it is. He also mon­i­tors the yield, and if prob­lems are found, he reports to the right per­son. The trac­tor dri­ver, if he finds sick pets, pro­vides them with emer­gency med­ical care, after which he tells the live­stock spe­cial­ists about this.

The dri­ver of a 4‑wheel agri­cul­tur­al trac­tor has fea­tures of work. It is cus­tom­ary to call him a min­der. He works on heavy-drawn equip­ment and machines used for off-road dri­ving.

The trac­tor dri­ver-machine oper­a­tor is direct­ly involved in agri­cul­tur­al work. He waters plants, plants seeds, plows the land and per­forms a whole range of oth­er jobs. The machine oper­a­tor man­ages work­ing machines, loads and unloads them, works on the ter­ri­to­ry of the farm. He can also repair all the equip­ment entrust­ed to him, refu­el it and lubri­cate var­i­ous ele­ments.

ETKS estab­lish­es uni­form ranks for trac­tor dri­vers. Each sub­se­quent is giv­en on the basis of exam­i­na­tion tests.

  • Trac­tor dri­ver’s license 2 dig­its allows work on equip­ment with an engine pow­er of less than 25.7 kW.
  • After the qual­i­fi­ca­tion exam, a trac­tor dri­ver receives 3rd rank. Since then, he has been able to con­trol a trac­tor equipped with an engine with a pow­er of 25.7–44.1 kW.
  • 4th cat­e­go­ry a spe­cial­ist receives after receiv­ing a cer­tifi­cate in which per­mis­sion is giv­en to dri­ve a trac­tor and oth­er equip­ment with a pow­er equal to 44–73.5 kW.
  • trac­tor dri­ver 5 dig­its can man­age all the equip­ment avail­able on the farm.
  • 6th cat­e­go­ry guar­an­tees the man­age­ment of all avail­able work­ers and equip­ment.

The pro­fes­sion­al stan­dard is designed for pro­fes­sion­als who know how to oper­ate trac­tors and oth­er agri­cul­tur­al equip­ment. It describes all the work that the spe­cial­ist must per­form.


The stan­dard guar­an­tees the employ­ee the pro­tec­tion of his inter­ests and pro­vides com­fort­able con­di­tions in the process of work:

  • if the equip­ment is bro­ken, the trac­tor dri­ver can refuse it;
  • the pos­si­bil­i­ty of com­mu­ni­ca­tion between the employ­ee and the man­age­ment, thanks to which the first one man­ages to com­mu­ni­cate impor­tant infor­ma­tion relat­ed to his activ­i­ties;
  • man­age­ment may receive a mes­sage about the imple­men­ta­tion of projects and plans that direct­ly relate to the activ­i­ties of a spe­cial­ist;
  • the employ­er pro­vides the trac­tor dri­ver with all the nec­es­sary tools, pro­tec­tive equip­ment and spe­cial cloth­ing;
  • the employ­er must pro­vide the spe­cial­ist with com­fort­able work­ing con­di­tions;
  • mak­ing sug­ges­tions to improve the pro­duc­tion process.

A responsibility

When break­ing the rules for the first time, an employ­ee may incur a small penal­ty.. In case of sys­tem­at­ic vio­la­tions, a per­son is pun­ished and fired. He may be fined heav­i­ly. If the employ­ee vol­un­tar­i­ly refus­es to pay for dam­age to prop­er­ty, the pun­ish­ment is imposed based on the results of the tri­al.

A per­son will bear admin­is­tra­tive respon­si­bil­i­ty if he spoiled work­ing equip­ment or any oth­er agri­cul­tur­al unit. This could have been done inten­tion­al­ly or by acci­dent. An employ­ee is pun­ished if he vio­lates the estab­lished fire safe­ty or labor pro­tec­tion rules, treats tools and mate­ri­als neg­li­gent­ly, and does not fol­low the instruc­tions of his supe­ri­ors. A spe­cial­ist can also be pun­ished if he refus­es or per­forms his work duties poor­ly, vio­lates the estab­lished inter­nal reg­u­la­tions of the enter­prise.


You can learn to be a trac­tor dri­ver after grad­u­at­ing from the 9th grade of high school. Study­ing takes place in spe­cial­ized edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tions. To get the spe­cial­ty of a trac­tor dri­ver, you should study here for 4 years. The cat­e­go­ry can also be assigned dur­ing the learn­ing process in some dri­ving schools. To get the next cat­e­go­ry, a per­son must take spe­cial cours­es. Retrain­ing takes place over sev­er­al months.

Fur­ther train­ing is also a nec­es­sary mea­sure. A trac­tor dri­ver must take cours­es in 3–4 years. To obtain a cat­e­go­ry, you must also go through cer­tain doc­tors in a med­ical insti­tu­tion. After that, a per­son writes an appli­ca­tion to Gostekhnad­zor with the pro­vi­sion of a doc­u­ment that con­firms that he has suc­cess­ful­ly com­plet­ed train­ing and passed the exam­i­na­tion tests.

It is also nec­es­sary to pay the state fee, after which the appli­cant is issued a cer­tifi­cate stat­ing what cat­e­go­ry he has and what equip­ment he can oper­ate.

Place of work

Trac­tor dri­ver with­out rel­e­vant expe­ri­ence when apply­ing for a job give a tri­al peri­od. As a result, the begin­ner must show how he knows how to dri­ve a trac­tor. In the econ­o­my, the spe­cial­ist is giv­en fea­si­ble work. If it is estab­lished that a per­son has the nec­es­sary work skills, he is offi­cial­ly employed. At the same time, it is estab­lished how much he should work dur­ing the day.

You should know that the rur­al day in sum­mer is irreg­u­lar. It is deter­mined how much he should work per shift. Every­thing else is paid extra. All works are reg­u­lat­ed with the instal­la­tion of the cost of each of them. The spe­cial­ist plows the land, man­ages the front loader, exca­va­tor and oth­er types of equip­ment. It is estab­lished how a per­son is encour­aged and what pun­ish­ments are reg­u­lat­ed for him in case of vio­la­tion of direct duties.

How much does he earn?

In Rus­sia and on the ter­ri­to­ry of the post-Sovi­et space, the pro­fes­sion of a trac­tor dri­ver is incred­i­bly in demand. They just pay dif­fer­ent­ly. Imme­di­ate­ly after receiv­ing the nec­es­sary edu­ca­tion, a spe­cial­ist is assigned a small salary. On aver­age, its val­ue rarely exceeds 15–20 thou­sand, depend­ing on the region. A year lat­er, the trac­tor dri­ver gets a lit­tle more. Fur­ther, the well-being of a per­son grows depend­ing on how well he per­forms his pro­fes­sion­al duties.

In cen­tral Rus­sia, the aver­age salary varies per sea­son from 30 to 50 thou­sand rubles. In win­ter, it decreas­es: a spe­cial­ist receives from 15 to 20 thou­sand rubles. In the north­ern regions, trac­tor dri­vers receive depend­ing on the cat­e­go­ry. Begin­ners are assigned a salary of 25 thou­sand rubles. If a per­son has passed retrain­ing and received a cer­tifi­cate, he is assigned a larg­er salary. Often it approach­es 100 thou­sand rubles.

Sev­er­al cri­te­ria have been devel­oped to deter­mine the aver­age wage. The lev­el of mate­r­i­al incen­tives depends on how well the trac­tor dri­ver copes with his duties. At the same time, an assess­ment is giv­en of the amount of work done, which a per­son per­formed dur­ing a cer­tain peri­od of time. The qual­i­ty of work affects the lev­el of wages, for how long the employ­ee com­plet­ed it, what he did to speed up the pro­duc­tion process.

The employ­er assess­es how care­ful­ly the spe­cial­ist han­dles equip­ment and inven­to­ry, whether or not he com­plies with the rules and reg­u­la­tions estab­lished at the enter­prise, whether or not the spe­cial­ist has vio­la­tions. All of the above adds up. Based on the results, wages are assigned. If the trac­tor dri­ver reg­u­lar­ly exceeds the plan, copes with his duties, he can be encour­aged. The lev­el of mon­e­tary reward is set on an indi­vid­ual basis. The pro­fes­sion of a trac­tor dri­ver is pop­u­lar. High school stu­dents are try­ing to mas­ter it.

The growth of pop­u­lar­i­ty is influ­enced by wages. It often reach­es 100 thou­sand rubles with the prop­er per­for­mance of the duties pre­scribed in the pro­fes­sion­al stan­dard.

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