How to learn speed reading: methods and techniques

Speed ​​reading is the skill of quickly reading texts. Using this technique, any person, whether an adult or a child, can expand his field of vision many times over, learn to filter out the unnecessary and highlight the most important information. It is noteworthy that you can learn speed reading even at home, if you practice regularly. We offer you a set of effective exercises and techniques that will allow you to quickly master this technique and avoid common mistakes.

What hinders fast reading?

Speaking to yourself

One of the most common problems is that the child reads to himself: that is, he does not just move his lips and tongue, but also reproduces the words in his head, while his eyes can remain on one point. This phenomenon significantly reduces the speed of information perception and reading.

Limited field of view

This problem is mostly faced by children. The fact is that the child’s eye, in comparison with the adult, has a relatively small field of view, that is, the child can only see the picture in front of him.

Unfortunately, there are not so many techniques that help eliminate the effect of this factor, however, you can always try to diversify them a little.


Return to read


A problem for children and adolescents at the time of reading is often the effect of regression. In this case, the eyes constantly return to the material that has already been read before — this is considered unacceptable. Let’s say more: such a defect is eradicated with great difficulty. It is very important not to confuse regression with reception, the latter is the same regression, but it occurs in order to rethink the read text or to better assimilate it. It can be justified if the child has questions about the material.

Distraction from the text

An important factor is that the vocabulary and general knowledge of children are small. It turns out that the baby is trying to mentally understand the essence of a word, the meaning of which he does not know, thus, the reading speed decreases. In this situation, it is very important to shorten the path between the text itself and its analysis; for this, it is very important to train the perception of information not through hearing, but visually. And finally Many children suffer from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Such inattention very often makes the children get away from the essence of the information, while reading is repeated in a circle several times.

Effective Techniques


Reading with a pointer

Unfortunately, it is impossible to forbid the organs of vision to return to a previously read text; this skill requires constant training. Usually, a pointer is used for this — then the eyes will automatically follow it, without being distracted by other text blocks. However, at first the student will have to force himself not to look up, it will be difficult for him.

For the very first lessons, it is better to choose a bookmark — they put it on the read fragment and continue to slide their eyes down the page. The principle here is simple: the top text will be hidden, so it’s impossible to return to it with your eyes. This is how the automatic skill of the patterns of movement only forward is developed.

Articulation suppression

Articulation suppression is a useful skill for developing speed reading. In this case, the pronunciation of words and expressions is minimized and even completely eliminated, since this is what takes up most of the time during reading. The fact is that pronunciation causes the brain to process the read data, as well as the received speech information. Thus, the functional load on the brain increases, respectively, this reduces the speed of reading.

As practice shows, in order to learn how to suppress articulation, you need at least 20 hours of practice using a special exercise: beating a given rhythm with a hand or a pencil.


Green dot method


To expand the field of perception of information, you need to take a piece of paper with some text and draw a green dot in its very center. The student should look at it carefully for 10 minutes, and then try to imagine it before going to bed. This concentration exercise should be done for two weeks. After that, you can proceed to the next stage — to begin to consider the text, which is located vertically and horizontally from the point.

At the same time, one should strive to cover as many words and expressions as possible with one’s gaze, they do not need to be read — just seeing is enough.

Gibberish training

A very effective exercise that can develop the ability to concentrate and improve thinking is training in the so-called gibberish language (Martian verses). In other words, it is reading from right to left. To begin with, you can train such skills using palindromes, that is, words and phrases that read the same way from right to left and from left to right. For example, “A rose fell on Azor’s paw”, “The cat will soon be forty days old”, etc. After that, you can proceed to the exercises with the most ordinary text.

Reception «upside down»

You can significantly increase your reading speed with a simple exercise — reading a book upside down. Initially, you need to read a small piece of text upside down, then return the book to its original state and re-read it again. Surely you will immediately feel how much faster and easier you can do it!


Exercise «tic-tac»


A rather original exercise, it assumes that while reading, the student will only look at the beginning of the line and its end, and not every word, as is done with traditional reading. Often this is enough to understand the meaning of the information presented. In addition, it significantly increases the speed of reading.

Diagonal method

The use of diagonal reading methods allows you to perceive the read data using various symbols and images. Of course, you can hardly get acquainted with the book of your favorite author in this technique. But for students and pupils, the method can be very relevant. In this case, reading starts from the upper left corner and moves towards the lower right, while the eye stops at the key phrases. In this way, It takes no more than 30 seconds to study each page.

Technique through the word

The technique is based on the ability to highlight key phrases and words in the text. Thanks to the exercise, the child learns to formulate the main meaning of the data read. Memory can store more information in the head, avoiding remembering facts and descriptions that are not of fundamental importance.

PhotoReading

This technique is not suitable for beginners, it can be used by those students who have already mastered the basics of speed reading. The essence of the technique is to study the text at a certain speed. Such a skill will allow the child to view a large data stream in a fairly short time and highlight their basic part. Such reading is rather superficial, it is not suitable for assimilation of information, but it is optimal when searching for information.


vertical


Vertical reading allows you to increase the radius of peripheral vision. During exercise the student’s gaze does not move along the traditional horizontal path, but vertically exactly in the center of the page. Such reading can be mastered using Schulte tables. They look like cards with columns with numbers written inside. The numbers can be in any order. — this is one of the most important conditions, it is in it that the development of skills in finding the required number consists.

If there is no table at hand, you can take any text, mentally draw a straight vertical line in the center and read the information provided, focusing your eyes on this line. It is best to start training with narrow texts, such as newspaper columns. As you progress through the training, the format of the text can be increased.

How can adults learn on their own?

It should be noted that you can learn speed reading at any age, and if you decide to get this skill as an adult, then your desire is very commendable. This ability will allow you to save a huge amount of time that can be freed up for other equally important things.. However, adult learners face a lot of difficulties, as they have to overcome already formed habits. This greatly complicates the process of obtaining skills, however, do not despair — if the motivation is strong enough, then you can master speed reading skills at any, even very mature age.

Adults can use any of the above methods to develop reading skills, it is best to choose 2-3 methods and alternate them every 10 days.

What methods are suitable for children?


Parents quite often face a problem when a child does not read well at school, this significantly affects the speed of doing homework, which cannot but affect overall academic performance. The situation escalates when, moreover, the child is restless and cannot sit quietly with a book. In this case, mastering the technique of speed reading can be a salvation.

However, to date there is no consensus on the age at which one can begin to master this technique. Some experts advocate early start of classes, motivating their position by the fact that in middle school and high school it will be much more difficult to break the formed reading skills. However, we draw your attention to the fact that for full-fledged mental development it is important not only that the baby can read the text, but also understand it. Do not forget about intonation, which is of fundamental importance when assessing reading ability in elementary school.

Speed ​​reading training can only be started if the child knows the alphabet and has already learned to read in words, not syllables.. That is why, from a logical point of view, the optimal age for the development of speed reading skills will be the period from 7 to 10 years. At this time, most children can read words well, and in addition, they capture the essence of the text.

The third group of psychologists advises to engage in speed reading only after the child is 10-12 years old. It is believed that from this age, children begin to memorize and understand information at the speed of speech. In addition, at this age it is much better to develop memory, because the student can not only read the text quickly, but also retell it. Anyway — the choice is only up to the parents, everyone should proceed from the characteristics of the development of their child and decide the issue with the start of teaching speed reading individually.

Tip: teaching speed reading to children will be more effective if combined with pronunciation of tongue twisters.

Features of speed reading with a high level of memorization


It was experimentally found that speed reading greatly contributes to the activation of thought processes. If you are determined to learn speed reading skills and at the same time increase the volume and quality of memorization, then first of all you need to assess the complexity of the task and calculate the amount of information. Focus on the reading speed you need. Estimate in advance the approximate amount of time it takes to assimilate the proposed material as firmly as possible. At this time, a certain period should be allocated for memorization, as well as another one for repeating what has been learned.

One of the most effective techniques is the figurative grouping method.. Its essence lies in the fact that in the proposed text it is necessary to single out 7 main semantic blocks. For each block, you should create your own mental image, that is, one or another key picture. Please note that each picture should contain no more than 7 basic details. The selected images should be as vivid and easy to remember as possible, each image is fixed in short-term memory for about 10-15 seconds — this is enough for information about them to come to the archive of long-term memory.

Recommendations

Speed ​​reading is a slow process. It requires regular practice, constant training and repetition.. If we are talking about an adult, as a rule, his self-motivation is enough to complete all the necessary tasks in a timely manner. Children do not have such an interest, so many parents begin to put pressure on them. You do not need to do this, any training should take place only in the form of a game. If you neglect this requirement, then at best you can simply not achieve the desired result, and at worst completely discourage the child from learning to read.

You should not sit for classes for hours, training will be much more effective, which will take 5 minutes, but at the same time will be repeated 4-5 times a day. Keep in mind that in 20 minutes the child’s brain can get very tired, respectively, the material will not be absorbed in the right amount.

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