November 27, 2020, 16:37
Loss of smells and tastes is one of the key symptoms of COVID-19. However, the violation also characterizes other diseases. We tell you in which cases you can lose your sense of smell and how to distinguish this symptom in a coronavirus disease.
Do not rush to diagnose yourself, having lost your sense of smell. This still does not mean infection with the coronavirus. If you suspect covid, be sure to contact your family doctor. Don’t panic and remember — loss of smell can also be caused by diseases from our list.
Before the coronavirus pandemic, we paid little attention to our scent receptors, so we could simply miss the fact that they were disturbed during a cold. However, anosmia also occurs due to nasal congestion with a severe runny nose, which directly occurs with influenza or SARS. Moreover, the scent is restored much faster than with COVID-19 — within 2–3 days.
2. Chronic diseases
Loss of smell is not excluded in chronic sinusitis or rhinitis. The work of receptors is disturbed, as with a cold, due to inflammatory processes in the nasal cavity. Tastes and smells return after the elimination of the disease.
3. Domestic causes and injuries
Smell problems are not uncommon among people with injuries to the bones or tissues in the nose. Any damage can disrupt the functionality of the receptors and thus cause loss of smell. In addition, the sense of smells can be lost after contact with household chemicals.
Seasonal allergy sufferers also find it very difficult to smell, especially in spring and summer. Airborne pollen causes nasal congestion, sneezing, itching, redness, watery eyes, coughing, and a scratchy throat.
Of course, under the pressure of such signs of problems with the sense of smell, one does not have to wait long. At the same time, people with allergies also have complaints about problems with the respiratory tract in the nasopharyngeal region. At the same time, with COVID-19, patients are more likely to suffer from disorders in the bronchi, trachea, and lungs.
Note that the former acting. Minister of Health Ulana Suprun devoted an entire post on her Facebook page to the loss of smell.
She called the key feature of the violation in coronavirus that it occurs abruptly, even when a person does not have a runny nose or nasal congestion.
After recovery, most people’s sense of smell returns in less than four weeks. But at the same time, not every person is able to fully restore olfactory functions.
Take care of your health and in case of any deterioration in well-being, consult a doctor!