Who is at risk of diabetes: test, risks, doctor’s advice

Novem­ber 14 is World Dia­betes Day. Take our quiz and find out if you are at risk of dia­betes and how to avoid this seri­ous dis­ease.

who is at risk of diabetes


“Eat less sweets, oth­er­wise you will get sick with dia­betes!” — moth­ers of over­weight daugh­ters scare. How real is the rea­son for these expe­ri­ences?

What is dangerous diabetes

Type I diabetes

Dia­betes is of two types. The first occurs main­ly in chil­dren and young peo­ple, and this dis­ease is most often detect­ed at the age of 16–24 years. It is based on the destruc­tion of beta-cells of the pan­creas (they pro­duce insulin), which devel­ops with a viral infec­tion (as a result of measles, rubel­la, mumps, etc.) or an attack of one’s own anti­bod­ies. With an absolute lack of insulin, glu­cose does not enter the cells, but remains in the blood. As a result, the cells starve and begin to break down fats, pro­duc­ing ketone bod­ies, which acid­i­fy the blood. This can lead to coma! In these cas­es, you can not do with­out life­long insulin injec­tions.

Type II diabetes

With type II dia­betes, things are dif­fer­ent. In clas­sic cas­es, it devel­ops after 40 years in those whose weight has devi­at­ed from the norm, and the fig­ure began to resem­ble an apple, after a fat fold appeared in the abdomen and waist. Insulin is pro­duced in the body enough (and some­times the pan­creas even exceeds the plan for its pro­duc­tion), but the trou­ble is that the tis­sues lose their sen­si­tiv­i­ty to this impor­tant hor­mone. This phe­nom­e­non is called insulin resis­tance.

Symptoms of Diabetes

diabetes symptoms photo


  • You suf­fer from weak­ness, fatigue, drowsi­ness.
  • You con­stant­ly want to eat, but at the same time you lose weight. Or, con­verse­ly, sud­den­ly gained 5 kg or more.
  • You feel con­stant­ly thirsty and drink more than 3 liters of water a day.
  • Blood sug­ar lev­el above 5.5 mmol/l (on an emp­ty stom­ach).
  • The skin itch dis­turbs, scratch­es and cuts heal for a long time.
  • You go to the toi­let every 30–60 min­utes.

Diabetes test


Your result

0–2 points: you are unlike­ly to be at risk of devel­op­ing type II dia­betes. Keep it up! No spe­cial pre­cau­tions are need­ed — a healthy diet and phys­i­cal activ­i­ty are enough.
3–14 points: the risk of devel­op­ing type II dia­betes is neg­li­gi­ble. To reduce it, give up fat­ty foods, keep the water bal­ance and do not for­get to con­trol your weight.
15–24 points: You are at risk. Review your lifestyle and get a com­pre­hen­sive exam­i­na­tion. By the way, tests (espe­cial­ly for glu­cose) must be tak­en on an emp­ty stom­ach, oth­er­wise the results will be blur­ry. Every­thing will have to be repeat­ed!

How to lower your risk of developing diabetes

But there is good news: the risk of devel­op­ing type II dia­betes can be min­i­mized.

Fol­low your diet. Review the diet, espe­cial­ly if some­one close to you has suf­fered or is over­weight, and also if there is a ten­den­cy to be over­weight. It is bet­ter to eat 5 times a day in small por­tions in order to pre­vent large fluc­tu­a­tions in blood glu­cose. Lim­it car­bo­hy­drates — sug­ar, hon­ey, sweets, flour. Replace white bread with cere­al or bran. Spaghet­ti — only from durum wheat (they do not get fat, unless, of course, they are abused and sea­soned with but­ter).

And more often include dairy prod­ucts in the menu. Cal­ci­um, pro­teins, fats, which are con­tained in cot­tage cheese or yogurt, not only pro­tect the body from type II dia­betes, but also help to lose weight, improve well-being, and at the same time reduce the like­li­hood of devel­op­ing hyper­ten­sion and coro­nary heart dis­ease.

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Get test­ed. The most infor­ma­tive test is the analy­sis for gly­cat­ed hemo­glo­bin (HbA1C). It shows the aver­age blood sug­ar lev­el over three months. The norm is up to 6.0%.
Man­age your mood. When a per­son is under con­stant stress, hor­mones that increase blood sug­ar lev­els pre­dom­i­nate in his body. Try to avoid con­tact with neg­a­tive peo­ple. If this is unavoid­able, con­trol your­self and remain calm. By the way, a great way to get rid of neg­a­tive emo­tions is phys­i­cal activ­i­ty. Join a gym, ride a bike, skip the ele­va­tor, dance, or just walk. Keep in mind, the fat-burn­ing effect of walk­ing is no less than that of exer­cis­ing on sim­u­la­tors.

avoid diabetes - photo


Quit smok­ing. Sci­en­tists have found that addic­tion to tobac­co increas­es the like­li­hood of devel­op­ing dia­betes and car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease. If you fol­low these rules, as well as get reg­u­lar check-ups, you will reduce the risk of devel­op­ing dia­betes and will always be in great shape.

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