Let’s talk frankly about things we are often embarrassed or afraid to discuss in the doctor’s office. But still, we advise you to never be shy to ask questions if something bothers you.
What discharge is considered normal?
The secretions change throughout the menstrual cycle. Normally, immediately after menstruation, there are few of them, they should be transparent, white and odorless. Closer to ovulation, their number and viscosity increase (they are similar in consistency to egg white). After ovulation, the discharge begins to resemble milk diluted with water. Closer to menstruation, lumps and a sour-milk smell may appear. All this is absolutely normal. Signs of pathological discharge are any color other than white, the presence of an odor (except for sour milk), an unusual consistency of discharge (curdled, watery, foamy).
Coitus interruptus: is it possible to get pregnant?
Coitus interruptus does not apply to contraceptive methods. However, if this happened strictly before the onset of ejaculation and the sperm did not enter the vagina, pregnancy is unlikely. Getting a small amount of sperm from the lubricant into the genital tract is unlikely to lead to conception. The inefficiency of this method is usually due to the fact that the reaction fails the partners, and the sperm still enters the vagina.
Sex during menstruation: is it safe?
Sex life during menstruation is highly undesirable. Blood is a good substrate for the reproduction of microorganisms, including pathogens. Through the open canal of the cervix, they can enter the uterine cavity from the vagina (normally, it should be sterile). Outside of menstruation, the vaginal flora is not able to penetrate into the uterine cavity, since the cervical canal is closed by a mucous plug, which acts as a filter. During menstruation, the canal is filled with blood, and the road to the uterine cavity is open … In addition, during intercourse, the risk of pathogenic flora entering the vagina and further into the uterine cavity increases.
What is the cause of pain and cramps during urination?
These are symptoms of cystitis. Treatment of acute acute cystitis that has arisen once is a simple task. As a rule, antibiotics and uroseptics are used, plentiful drinking is recommended. A big problem is often recurrent cystitis. He is able to torment a woman for years, aggravating several times a month, or after each sexual intercourse (the so-called postcoital cystitis). But even in this case, the problem can be solved: first, a urine culture is taken with the determination of sensitivity to antibiotics, then a long (up to a month) course of therapy with selected antibacterial drugs is carried out. After that, to prevent relapse, a drug is prescribed that creates local immunity in the bladder. It must be taken within 3 months.
Why does it hurt during intercourse?
Pain during the introduction of the penis, that is, in the area of the entrance to the vagina, as a rule, are associated with psychological problems, a crack in the posterior commissure of the labia minora, an inflammatory process, herpes, insufficient lubrication, cicatricial changes after childbirth. If pain occurs with deep penetration or in certain positions, then most often it can be manifestations of endometriosis, uterine fibroids, inflammation of the appendages, adhesions in the pelvis or ovarian cysts.
Discharge from the nipples: is it very serious?
If the discharge is purulent, this is a reflection of the inflammatory process in the mammary gland. Urgently address to the mammologist! Bloody — a sign that may indicate the development of a tumor. It is necessary to be surveyed at the oncologist. Milk-like discharge may indicate the development of a benign tumor in the pituitary gland (prolactinomas) and an increase in the hormone prolactin in the blood. In the vast majority of cases, it is harmless. It is not removed, and the treatment consists in taking a drug that reduces the level of prolactin. Rarely, these tumors are large enough to compress part of the optic nerve, resulting in visual field loss.
Why does sexual desire disappear?
The reasons can be divided into 2 groups: psychological and physiological. The first includes severe stress, conflicts with a partner, experienced traumas, and much more. To the second — taking hormonal contraceptives (you just need to change the drug), antidepressants. As well as the presence of gynecological diseases, in which sexual life becomes painful and unpleasant (after the cure, everything is restored), general serious diseases. In each case, you need to understand separately.
Advice from the editor: always and for all issues that bother you and are related to health, consult a doctor.