Cystitis. Treatment of cystitis — symptoms, prevention and warnings

Cys­ti­tis is one of the most pop­u­lar dis­eases among women. How to avoid inflam­ma­tion of the blad­der, which can occur due to banal hypother­mia? And how to treat cys­ti­tis if it was not pos­si­ble to pro­tect your­self? Is it pos­si­ble to treat cys­ti­tis at home? All answers are in our mate­r­i­al.

how to treat cystitis


In this arti­cle, you will learn about:

Cys­ti­tis is an inflam­ma­tion of the blad­der. Dur­ing the patho­log­i­cal process, for one rea­son or anoth­er (infec­tious agents, chem­i­cal and trau­mat­ic injuries), inflam­ma­tion of the blad­der mucosa occurs.

Types of cystitis

  • Based on the type of pathogen: bac­te­r­i­al cys­ti­tis (chlamy­dia, ure­aplas­ma, gon­or­rhea, oth­er causative agents of sex­u­al­ly trans­mit­ted dis­eases, as well as staphy­lo­coc­ci, strep­to­coc­ci, E. coli, and oth­ers) and non-bac­te­r­i­al cys­ti­tis (tox­ic, drug-induced, aller­gies);
  • By the nature of the course of the dis­ease: acute cys­ti­tis (occur­ring in the acute phase with the man­i­fes­ta­tion of typ­i­cal symp­toms) and chron­ic (occur­ring in a latent form or recur­rent);
  • Depend­ing on the pres­ence and type of organ­ic (mor­pho­log­i­cal) changes in the organ: ulcer­a­tive, catarrhal, cys­tic, etc.;
  • Based on the local­iza­tion of the patho­log­i­cal process: cys­ti­tis of the blad­der mucosa, affect­ing the sub­mu­cos­al lay­er, affect­ing the mus­cle lay­er.

cystitis treatment

Causes of cystitis

The main cul­prit of inflam­ma­tion is hypother­mia. If at the end of win­ter and at the begin­ning of spring you flaunt in thin tights and short skirts, you risk being exposed to a sea­son­al exac­er­ba­tion of cys­ti­tis.
Chron­ic gyne­co­log­i­cal dis­eases — the gen­i­touri­nary organs are close­ly con­nect­ed with us, and there­fore often “sick col­lec­tive­ly.”
Non-com­pli­ance with the rules of hygiene of inti­mate life — the bac­te­ria that get inside are not dan­ger­ous for the gen­i­tals, but can cause cys­ti­tis. By the way, the dis­ease often starts with the onset of sex­u­al life: if the girl’s vagi­nal microflo­ra is dis­turbed, inflam­ma­tion devel­ops imme­di­ate­ly after inter­course (there is even the term “hon­ey­moon cys­ti­tis”).
Cli­max. Dur­ing this dif­fi­cult peri­od for the female body, a change in the hor­mon­al back­ground occurs, defens­es decrease, which means that the road for inflam­ma­to­ry dis­eases is open.
Vio­la­tion of immu­ni­ty that occurs against the back­ground of cer­tain dis­eases (dia­betes mel­li­tus, dys­func­tion of the thy­roid gland, obe­si­ty), as well as against the back­ground of severe phys­i­cal and men­tal stress.
Long-term use of cer­tain med­ica­tions, chron­ic con­sti­pa­tion and a seden­tary lifestyle.

Symptoms of cystitis

  • Slight pain in the pubic region.
  • Fre­quent urge to uri­nate, accom­pa­nied by pain, burn­ing or itch­ing.
  • Urine is excret­ed in small por­tions, has a cloudy col­or, maybe even with an admix­ture of blood.
  • Pain (cut­ting) at the end of uri­na­tion, some­times “dag­ger” (pierc­ing) pain, radi­at­ing to the rec­tum.
  • An admix­ture of blood in the urine (in some cas­es, blood is vis­i­ble only on toi­let paper).
  • Dis­com­fort or aching pain in the low­er abdomen.
signs of cystitis

Read more: Why sin­gle-par­ent fam­i­lies have become the norm, includ­ing for chil­dren? Life Sto­ries

How to treat cystitis

If you have symp­toms of cys­ti­tis, con­tact your urol­o­gist. Self-med­ica­tion can slight­ly reduce dis­com­fort, but not com­plete­ly elim­i­nate the dis­ease. Anti­spas­mod­ics are rec­om­mend­ed to reduce pain. And to fight infec­tion and inflam­ma­tion, uroan­tisep­tic and antibac­te­r­i­al agents are select­ed.

You also need to stay in bed, drink more and stick to a diet. To treat cys­ti­tis, infu­sions of diuret­ic herbs (kid­ney tea, half-fall­en, bear­ber­ry), cran­ber­ry juice, non-con­cen­trat­ed com­potes and pure water with­out gas are pre­scribed.

cystitis medicine
  • In recent years, drugs from the flu­o­ro­quinolone group, such as ciprofloxacin, and nitro­fu­rans, have proven their effec­tive­ness. Tak­ing these antibi­otics is pos­si­ble only for the direct appoint­ment of a spe­cial­ist;
  • If spe­cif­ic pathogens are iden­ti­fied accord­ing to the diag­nos­tic results, appro­pri­ate anti­fun­gal, antimi­cro­bial or antivi­ral drugs are pre­scribed;
  • To elim­i­nate severe pain, anti­spas­mod­ics and anal­gesics are rec­om­mend­ed;
  • In the absence of aller­gies to med­i­c­i­nal herbs, it is allowed to take herbal teas based on lin­gonber­ries, horse­tail, bear­ber­ry. Pref­er­ence should be giv­en to unpack­aged prod­ucts;
  • To quick­ly remove tox­ins from the body, it is rec­om­mend­ed to increase the dai­ly vol­ume of flu­id intake.

Important advice from doctors about the treatment of cystitis

  1. Don’t self-med­icate. Even if you know the drug that helped cure cys­ti­tis in the pre­vi­ous time, it is bet­ter to start the fight against the dis­ease with a vis­it to your doc­tor.
  2. For effec­tive treat­ment of cys­ti­tis, it is extreme­ly impor­tant to under­stand the cause of its occur­rence. It is often dif­fi­cult to do this on your own — for exam­ple, not all women know that cys­ti­tis appears not only when you “caught every­thing there” — there is also viral cys­ti­tis, post­coital cys­ti­tis, which man­i­fests itself after inter­course, and even psy­chogenic cys­ti­tis. Treat­ment and pre­ven­tion for dif­fer­ent species, as you under­stand, will be com­plete­ly dif­fer­ent.
  3. Remem­ber that folk meth­ods, baths and grand­moth­er’s herbal infu­sions are not the first thing to be used for cys­ti­tis. They can be use­ful adjuncts, but the doc­tor should select first-line drugs.
  4. Cys­ti­tis is one of the infa­mous emerg­ing dis­eases. If treat­ed bad­ly or incor­rect­ly for the first time, cys­ti­tis tends to become chron­ic, with which many women suf­fer for years. To pre­vent this from hap­pen­ing, it is extreme­ly impor­tant to com­plete the entire course of treat­ment and strict­ly fol­low the pre­scrip­tions of doc­tors.

How to help yourself at home with cystitis

Believ­ing in the pow­er of “Perun” is cer­tain­ly great, but once again, we strong­ly rec­om­mend that you imme­di­ate­ly go to the doc­tor, espe­cial­ly when it comes to the inner­most (pause) — health!

We write about these meth­ods pure­ly for review.

The first and most impor­tant rem­e­dy that will alle­vi­ate an acute attack of cys­ti­tis is to drink plen­ty of flu­ids. Many believe that with cys­ti­tis you need to drink less water, then the pain and oth­er man­i­fes­ta­tions will go away, but this is an erro­neous opin­ion !!!

Here are some home reme­dies that can help reduce the inten­si­ty of pain and dis­com­fort:

1. St. John’s wort. Pour 1 tbsp. a spoon­ful of St. John’s wort with a glass of boil­ing water, boil for 15 min­utes. Let it brew for 40–60 min­utes, strain. Drink 1/4 cup three times a day for a month.

2. Lin­gonber­ry. Pour 2 tea­spoons of lin­gonber­ry leaves with a glass of boil­ing water. Boil on low heat for 15 min­utes, cool and strain. Drink through­out the day in small sips. The course is 7–10 days.

How to help yourself at home with cystitis

If the case is more severe, and the pain is unbear­able, urgent­ly seek pro­fes­sion­al med­ical help. In no case should you take antibac­te­r­i­al drugs on your own, only pre­scribed by a doc­tor after con­firm­ing the diag­no­sis!

How to prevent cystitis

Don’t sit in the cold, dress warm­ly and refrain from cold show­ers in win­ter and spring.

Dur­ing your peri­od, change your pads or tam­pons every two hours, after wash­ing your hands thor­ough­ly before doing so.

Try to stick to prop­er nutri­tion: min­i­mize spicy, fat­ty, fried, spicy, salty, sour, pick­led foods and alco­hol.

Drink at least 2 liters of flu­id per day — it is it that pro­vides the body with time­ly detox­i­fi­ca­tion, includ­ing the fight against path­o­gen­ic microor­gan­isms.

Make sure you have nor­mal and reg­u­lar bow­el move­ments and try to wash your­self every time (away from the gen­i­tals, not towards them).

Exer­cise or at least take a 10-minute dai­ly walk (don’t for­get warm clothes).


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