causes, symptoms, treatment, checklist

An unpleas­ant burn­ing sen­sa­tion behind the ster­num after eat­ing is famil­iar to many. Why does heart­burn occur, why is it dan­ger­ous and how to get rid of it?

causes of heartburn


Heartburn symptoms

How heart­burn man­i­fests itself:

  • Severe burn­ing sen­sa­tion in the upper abdomen
  • some­times reach­es the esoph­a­gus and throat,
  • aggra­vat­ed by bend­ing over or lying down
  • belch­ing sour,
  • bit­ter or sour taste in the mouth.

Heart­burn starts when acid pass­es from the stom­ach into the esoph­a­gus. Between these organs there is a mus­cu­lar sphinc­ter, which should nor­mal­ly con­tract.

If it does not close tight­ly, the acid enters the esoph­a­gus and begins to cor­rode its mucous mem­brane.

Causes of heartburn

In most cas­es, heart­burn is the main symp­tom of gas­troe­sophageal reflux dis­ease (GERD), which dis­rupts the sphinc­ter.

But even if the sphinc­ter is in order, there is no guar­an­tee that heart­burn will not appear.

Heart­burn can even occur due to banal stress! In a stress­ful sit­u­a­tion, the ner­vous sys­tem changes the motil­i­ty of the stom­ach, caus­ing its strong and fre­quent con­trac­tions. As a result, the con­tents of the stom­ach are thrown into the esoph­a­gus.

citrus fruits for heartburn photo

Aver­age Bur­da

Anoth­er cause of heart­burn is a large meal or cer­tain foods and drinks.

Most often:

  • strong tea and cof­fee
  • sour food.

But it’s not always so obvi­ous. The list of prod­uct provo­ca­teurs can be very indi­vid­ual.

How to calculate them?

The eas­i­est way to cal­cu­late them is to keep a food diary. Every day write down in it what you ate and drank. And you will quick­ly under­stand the rea­son. And to find out if you’re at risk for heart­burn, take this sim­ple test.

Checklist: Do you suffer from heartburn?

  • Do you often expe­ri­ence stress?
  • Do you some­times have chest pain that radi­ates to your back?
  • Do you have a lot of fat­ty foods on your menu?
  • Do you some­times wake up at night with a sour taste in your mouth?


If you answered yes to at least 2 ques­tions, there is a high risk that you will devel­op heart­burn.

What is the danger of heartburn

Heart­burn can be a symp­tom of many dis­eases:

  • inflam­ma­to­ry dis­eases of the esoph­a­gus,
  • stom­ach ulcers,
  • func­tion­al dis­or­ders of the gall­blad­der,
  • cholelithi­a­sis.

Gas­troen­terol­o­gists believe that peo­ple who suf­fer from burn­ing in the esoph­a­gus more than 1–2 times a week have an increased risk of esophageal can­cer.

This dis­ease is espe­cial­ly sus­cep­ti­ble to those who more often com­mit two “crimes” against the esoph­a­gus:

  • drink­ing scald­ing hot tea (65° and above),
  • abus­es strong alco­hol.

So it should­n’t be ignored. In any case, if you have heart­burn from time to time, you need to see a doc­tor. He will con­duct endo­scop­ic stud­ies and iden­ti­fy its cause.

How to get rid of heartburn

Let’s look at sev­er­al ways to over­come heart­burn, but first we note that it is best to con­sult a spe­cial­ist, because most folk meth­ods will only help for a short time, or even can harm! They are just ancil­lary activ­i­ties. For starters, before deal­ing with heart­burn, con­sult your doc­tor.

baking soda solution

With heart­burn, it only exac­er­bates the prob­lem. Soda is “built into” acid metab­o­lism, increas­ing acid­i­ty and inten­si­fy­ing heart­burn. Remem­ber how soda starts to siz­zle when you extin­guish it with vine­gar in the kitchen. The same vol­cano occurs in our stom­ach!

baking soda photo


potato juice

Some experts rec­om­mend fresh­ly squeezed pota­to juice for heart­burn. It con­tains fiber, which active­ly absorbs hydrochlo­ric acid and neu­tral­izes it. Unlike soda and milk, pota­to juice does not pro­voke a relapse, which means it can be used at home.

potato juice for heartburn


A few more ways that work

Here are a few oth­er ways that can ease heart­burn flare-ups:

Sunflower oil

Dur­ing an exac­er­ba­tion, drink 1 table­spoon, it will cre­ate a pro­tec­tive film on the esoph­a­gus and pre­vent irri­ta­tion.

Pumpkin or sunflower seeds

Eat some seeds on an emp­ty stom­ach: you will not only sat­is­fy your hunger, but also pre­vent heart­burn.

Coal and warm water

Drink 1 tablet of coal per 10 kg. weight with warm water.

Rice congee

Boil rice with­out salt and spices, drink the chilled liq­uid in which it was boiled.

If there is nothing at hand

To get rid of heart­burn, you can drink plain water. It will wash away irri­tat­ing sub­stances from the walls of the esoph­a­gus, dilute the con­tents of the stom­ach and, there­by, alle­vi­ate the con­di­tion.

And do not pro­voke heart­burn: do not wear too tight clothes that put pres­sure on the inter­nal organs, do not lie down to rest imme­di­ate­ly after eat­ing, do not overeat.

And if you have your own meth­ods of deal­ing with heart­burn, share them with us in the com­ments!

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