What is chlamydia: symptoms, treatment and prevention

Chlamy­dia is an STD (sex­u­al­ly trans­mit­ted dis­ease) caused by the microor­gan­ism Chlamy­dia tra­choma­tis. Its pecu­liar­i­ty is that at a cer­tain stage of devel­op­ment it can behave like a bac­teri­um, and at anoth­er — like a virus.

what is chlamydia

Pho­to: Foto­lia

The dis­ease is often asymp­to­matic and quite dif­fi­cult to diag­nose and dif­fer­en­ti­ate. It can affect not only the gen­i­tals, but also the ure­thra (ure­thra), rec­tum, joints, eyes. The phar­ynx is rarely affect­ed.

chlamydia photo

Infec­tion usu­al­ly occurs through sex­u­al con­tact of a per­son infect­ed with chlamy­dia with a healthy per­son, through the mucous mem­brane of the vagi­na or rec­tum. The risk of infec­tion in this way, espe­cial­ly in the pres­ence of micro­trau­ma, is very high.

Less com­mon­ly, chlamy­dia is trans­mit­ted through the house­hold. But this microor­gan­ism does not live long out­side a per­son, and it may not accu­mu­late enough bac­te­ria to inter­vene in a healthy per­son. This reduces the like­li­hood of such a method of infec­tion, but such cas­es still occur.
Infec­tion, for exam­ple, can occur through bath acces­sories (wash­cloth, tow­el), toi­let bowl, and some­times through bed linen.

chlamydia diagnosis

Pho­to: Foto­lia

In rare cas­es, infec­tion can occur by air­borne droplets, with chlamy­di­al bron­chi­tis or pneu­mo­nia in a patient. But such cas­es are very dif­fi­cult to prove and diag­nose.
Some­times chlamy­dia can be passed from moth­er to child. It occurs dur­ing child­birth when the baby pass­es through an infect­ed birth canal. In such sit­u­a­tions, con­junc­tivi­tis, bron­chi­tis and pneu­mo­nia occur in chil­dren. It must be remem­bered that a moth­er infect­ed with chlamy­dia is a high risk for the child.

Signs of chlamydia

Chlamy­dia can be called one of the most con­tro­ver­sial dis­eases, since the dis­ease can occur with vir­tu­al­ly no symp­toms. If they do appear, they may not dif­fer in any way from ordi­nary inflam­ma­to­ry process­es (mucus, puru­lent dis­charge, aching pain in the pelvis, burn­ing dur­ing uri­na­tion).

chlamydia signs

Pho­to: Foto­lia

There­fore, in the pres­ence of these signs, it is often not pos­si­ble to iden­ti­fy chlamy­dia. To diag­nose this dis­ease, it is nec­es­sary to resort to tar­get­ed ana­lyzes on the DNA of the pathogen by poly­mer chain reac­tion.
The prob­lem is that most patients are diag­nosed long after the onset of symp­toms. After all, over time, the activ­i­ty of symp­toms fades away, the dis­ease flows into a chron­ic form, which is more dif­fi­cult to cure. There is also a risk of delayed com­pli­ca­tions with dam­age to the pelvic organs and oth­er organs and sys­tems.
For women, this form of chlamy­dia is fraught with infer­til­i­ty, which occurs due to inflam­ma­tion in the fal­lop­i­an tubes and the for­ma­tion of an adhe­sive process in them. In men, chlamy­dia can cause pro­sta­ti­tis (inflam­ma­tion of the prostate gland), ure­thri­tis. The course of ther­a­py is more volu­mi­nous and longer than with oth­er pathogens. This is due to the fact that they quick­ly devel­op resis­tance to drugs or are ini­tial­ly insen­si­tive to them due to the uncon­trolled use of antibi­otics by our patients, who pre­scribe them them­selves.
Despite this, urgent treat­ment of chlamy­dia is a pre­req­ui­site to avoid com­pli­ca­tions in the long term. The course of treat­ment is pre­scribed only by a doc­tor.


Giv­en that in 90% of cas­es, chlamy­dia is sex­u­al­ly trans­mit­ted, it is nec­es­sary to use bar­ri­er con­tra­cep­tion. Sex­u­al con­tacts with unfa­mil­iar or unfa­mil­iar part­ners must be pro­tect­ed. In the treat­ment of any inflam­ma­to­ry process­es of the gen­i­touri­nary sys­tem (cys­ti­tis, ure­thri­tis, etc.), espe­cial­ly when they recur, you need to pay atten­tion to the scheme of drug use.

Chlamydia prevention

Pho­to: Foto­lia

Self-treat­ment or diag­no­sis for sus­pect­ed chlamy­dia is unac­cept­able, as this com­pli­cates the diag­nos­tic search and increas­es the per­cent­age of delayed com­pli­ca­tions.

Diet Features

There is no spe­cial diet for chlamy­dia. But for the dura­tion of antibi­ot­ic treat­ment, it is rec­om­mend­ed to exclude fer­ment­ed milk prod­ucts and alco­hol from the diet (they reduce the effect of antibi­otics) in order to avoid the for­ma­tion of chlamy­dia addic­tion to drugs.

chlamydiosis diet

Pho­to: Foto­lia

It is very impor­tant that the nutri­tion dur­ing treat­ment is bal­anced. The diet should include both fish and meat. It is also desir­able to eat dif­fer­ent cere­als, cere­als. As many fruits and veg­eta­bles as pos­si­ble.


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The opin­ion of the edi­tors may not coin­cide with the opin­ion of the author of the arti­cle.

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