6 myths and facts about cholesterol that you need to know

Octo­ber 17, 2017, 22:52

Cho­les­terol is tra­di­tion­al­ly asso­ci­at­ed with all prob­lems of the heart and blood ves­sels. With­out real­ly under­stand­ing why it appears in the human body at all, many attribute an excep­tion­al­ly harm­ful effect to this meta­bol­ic prod­uct.

cholesterol level


We con­sid­er it one of the main ene­mies of health. But in fact, every­thing is not so cat­e­gor­i­cal …

Dis­pel myths and learn impor­tant facts about cho­les­terol with Lisa!

1. And he is good

High blood cho­les­terol is real­ly bad. But it is nec­es­sary to rec­og­nize its par­tic­i­pa­tion in many process­es of the body. First, cho­les­terol pro­vides build­ing mate­r­i­al for cell mem­branes. Sec­ond­ly, the body uses it to pro­duce bile acids need­ed for diges­tion. Third­ly, it is involved in the pro­duc­tion of vit­a­min D and female sex hor­mones — prog­es­terone and estro­gen.

2. Good and bad

There is no pure cho­les­terol in the body. It usu­al­ly works togeth­er with fats and pro­teins — lipopro­teins. They can be low den­si­ty (LDL) and high den­si­ty (HDL). The for­mer are con­sid­ered to be “bad”, since they are involved in the for­ma­tion of plaques on the walls of blood ves­sels. And the sec­ond, “good”, remove cho­les­terol deposits. Ide­al­ly, the lev­els of LDL and HDL are the same — then the ves­sels remain clean. But if the metab­o­lism is dis­turbed, and LDL ris­es, there is a risk of ath­er­o­scle­ro­sis.

3. Where are you from?



It is believed that cho­les­terol enters the body with food. But it’s not. Up to 80% of cho­les­terol is pro­duced by the body itself (this sub­stance is pro­duced by the liv­er, adren­al glands, small intes­tine, ovaries). The rest of the cho­les­terol we get from food of ani­mal ori­gin, it is found in large quan­ti­ties in:

  • but­ter, durum mar­garine, lard;
  • whole and con­densed milk, fat­ty cot­tage cheese, ice cream, cheeses with a fat con­tent of more than 30%;
  • sausages, frank­furters, smoked meats, fat­ty meats, pates, offal.

4. Don’t fall for the bait!

Cho­les­terol is found only in ani­mal cell mem­branes, while plant cell mem­branes are made up of plant fibers (fiber) and not cho­les­terol. So when you see “Cho­les­terol Free” on an olive oil pack­age, be sure it’s just a pub­lic­i­ty stunt. The man­u­fac­tur­er did not have to remove cho­les­terol from plant prod­ucts because it could not be there by nature.

5. Gold­en mean



Many peo­ple think that the low­er the cho­les­terol lev­el, the bet­ter the heart and blood ves­sels. But if we take into account the fact that cho­les­terol is the most impor­tant prod­uct of metab­o­lism, the con­tent of which in the blood is deter­mined by clear lim­its, this opin­ion is fun­da­men­tal­ly wrong.

In order for the body to func­tion nor­mal­ly, the amount of this sub­stance should not exceed 5 mmol / l. But keep in mind that too low cho­les­terol is also not very good. Amer­i­can sci­en­tists have found that in those who eat almost no fat, the con­tent of not only “bad”, but also “good” cho­les­terol in the blood decreas­es (and the lat­ter pro­tects blood ves­sels from ath­er­o­scle­ro­sis). There are also stud­ies that prove that low cho­les­terol pro­vokes depres­sion.

6. What should I do if my cho­les­terol lev­el is high?

Car­di­ol­o­gists advise in this case to adjust your lifestyle.

  • Bring your weight back to nor­mal. Hav­ing lost 2–5 kg, you will already sig­nif­i­cant­ly reduce the lev­el of cho­les­terol in the blood.
  • More move­ment. Phys­i­cal activ­i­ty reduces the risk of car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease.
  • Eat less ani­mal prod­ucts. Include more fruits and veg­eta­bles rich in fiber and pectins in your diet. They bind and remove excess cho­les­terol from the body. For exam­ple, avo­ca­dos con­tain fats that reduce the lev­el of “bad” cho­les­terol in the blood as effec­tive­ly as drugs. And gar­lic is able to thin the blood, besides, allicin in its com­po­si­tion per­fect­ly removes cho­les­terol. Fish con­tains the most ben­e­fi­cial omega‑3 fat­ty acids, which low­er cho­les­terol and triglyc­erides.

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The opin­ion of the edi­tors may not coin­cide with the opin­ion of the author of the arti­cle.

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