Do you love animals, but prefer to avoid close contact with them? It is worth visiting a friend who has a cute fluffy creature, as tears immediately begin to flow, and stuffy nose? Allergies to animals are quite common. You can and should fight it. Learn about simple ways to prevent and treat.
It is generally accepted that the main cause of allergies to animals is their fur. This is not entirely true. Scientists have proven that an allergic reaction does not appear in response to wool, but to the protein contained in the saliva, urine and dander of the animal. That is why even “naked” or animals with very short hair can be dangerous for an allergic person.
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Allergy to animals is most often manifested by symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, nasal congestion; tearing, itching and redness of the eyes (so-called allergic conjunctivitis); cough, shortness of breath, shortness of breath and asthma attacks; itching and redness of the skin. In severe cases, anaphylactic shock may develop.
Therefore, if you or someone you know has life-threatening symptoms such as severe choking, rapid heartbeat, low blood pressure, loss of consciousness, urgently call an ambulance!
Of course, if you’re allergic to animals, it’s best not to have four-legged friends in your home. If the pet already exists and is a member of the family, then a compromise must be sought. Contact an allergist. He will help assess the risks and offer options for solving the problem. And so that coexistence with an animal does not have serious health consequences, adhere to the following recommendations:
- Avoid direct contact with the animal. Entrust the care of a pet to someone from the household.
- Don’t let your pet into the bedroom.
- Keep clean. Be especially careful to clean the house of wool. By itself, although it is non-allergenic, it is wool that is the main “carrier” of saliva, urine and skin particles of the animal.
- Get rid of carpets, thick curtains and other “dust collectors”.
How to relieve symptoms
Always have medications for the treatment and prevention of allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis in your first-aid kit.
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You should start taking the drug at the first manifestations of an allergic rhinitis, and continue until the symptoms are completely relieved or until the end of the allergy season.
The opinion of the editors may not coincide with the opinion of the author of the article.