Four factors that make PMS worse

Pre­men­stru­al syn­drome occurs dif­fer­ent­ly in women. How­ev­er, there are fac­tors that can aggra­vate the course of PMS. Next, we will talk in more detail about each of the fac­tors.

Woman lying - photo


1. Oral contraceptives

Oral con­tra­cep­tives usu­al­ly con­tain prog­estins that pre­vent fer­til­iza­tion, a syn­thet­ic ana­logue of prog­es­terone. But these prog­estins and prog­es­terone are metab­o­lized dif­fer­ent­ly in the body. Among the break­down prod­ucts of prog­es­terone is a metabo­lite called allo­preg­nanolone, which has a pro­nounced anti-anx­i­ety effect. And in the metab­o­lism of prog­estins, it is absent. Fur­ther more. Prog­estins inhib­it the pro­duc­tion of their own prog­es­terone (no mat­ter how small the dosage it is pro­duced), by a neg­a­tive feed­back mech­a­nism. And due to a decrease in its syn­the­sis, the con­tent of allo­preg­nanolone also decreas­es, as a result, anx­i­ety increas­es, which is already high dur­ing PMS. Not to men­tion the dete­ri­o­ra­tion of the trophism of the ner­vous tis­sue.

Read also: PMS: how to help your­self?

2. Excess salt in the diet

sea ​​salt photo


With an excess of salt in the diet, pre­men­stru­al syn­drome also inten­si­fies. Here again, the mat­ter is again in metabo­lites, but of anoth­er hor­mone — deoxy­cor­ti­cos­terone (one of the min­er­alo­cor­ti­coids). They bind to the same CNS recep­tors as prog­es­terone metabo­lites and also have an anti-anx­i­ety effect. Salty food inhibits the pro­duc­tion and secre­tion of min­er­alo­cor­ti­coids, in par­tic­u­lar deoxy­cor­ti­cos­terone, and, accord­ing­ly, its metabo­lites, which leads to an increase in PMS. In addi­tion to men­tal dis­or­ders, the con­sump­tion of excess salt dur­ing this peri­od can lead to impaired water-salt metab­o­lism. As a result — weight gain, swelling, swelling in the abdomen, dizzi­ness and pain.

Also Read: PMS Diet

3. Carbohydrate control

PMS can be exac­er­bat­ed by poor con­trol of car­bo­hy­drates in the diet. This is observed both with insuf­fi­cient con­sump­tion (as a result of which the lev­el of glu­cose in the blood decreas­es, fol­lowed by symp­toms of hypo­glycemia: dizzi­ness, chills, tremor), and with exces­sive con­sump­tion of car­bo­hy­drates, in par­tic­u­lar fast (sweet), which leads to hypo­glycemia, but already due to increased reac­tiv­i­ty of the pan­creas and ele­vat­ed insulin lev­els dur­ing this peri­od. The intake of a large amount of fast car­bo­hy­drates sharply increas­es the lev­el of already ele­vat­ed insulin, and sub­se­quent­ly caus­es its sharp drop some­what below the phys­i­o­log­i­cal lev­el. All this great­ly affects the cen­tral ner­vous sys­tem and trig­gers a strong food moti­va­tion, in par­tic­u­lar for sim­ple car­bo­hy­drates (for the fastest rise in insulin), and a vicious cir­cle appears.

Also Read: What Foods Can Help PMS?

4. Alcohol

Balanced diet, Photo


And final­ly, with PMS, alco­hol should be com­plete­ly exclud­ed. This is due to a drop in glu­cose lev­els and block­ing glu­co­neo­ge­n­e­sis (the process of metab­o­liz­ing glu­cose from pro­teins and fats, which is very impor­tant dur­ing a calo­rie deficit).

Coun­cil. If you’re tak­ing PMS too hard, it’s best to con­sume your max­i­mum com­fort­able car­bo­hy­drate lev­el to pre­vent a relapse. Per­haps, if you con­trol the process, you will gain a lit­tle weight dur­ing this peri­od, tak­ing a small step back for the next leap for­ward. And even if you break loose — there is noth­ing wrong with that! But if you blame your­self for the break­down, then you can’t do with­out con­se­quences.


PMS: the most mys­te­ri­ous syn­drome

How to get rid of pre­men­stru­al syn­drome

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The opin­ion of the edi­tors may not coin­cide with the opin­ion of the author of the arti­cle.

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