When it comes to losing weight, women have a much harder time than men. In view of their physiology, they are simply sharpened for storing energy and created for bearing and feeding a child.
Women have low testosterone levels, low insulin sensitivity, and fewer mitochondria in muscle fibers than men. And in general — muscle mass is much less, as a result — a lower metabolism.
The main reason is female physiology
A very important role is played by the menstrual cycle, which must be taken into account for building the right workouts and diet.
Nature dictates its conditions to us, and it is pointless to fight it, and it is not necessary. It is only necessary to take into account some features and adapt to them.
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Let’s take a closer look at some of the features of female physiology. And the first thing to pay attention to is menstrual cycle. Here the primary role is played by a change in hormonal levels: a rapid increase in the level of estradiol in the last days of menstruation, its consistently high level before ovulation and the almost complete absence of progesterone production — follicular phase. After ovulation — the subsequent decline in the level of estradiol and a sharp rise in the level of progesterone with its further sharp decrease before menstruation — the luteal phase of the cycle. Well, the beginning of a new cycle, the beginning of menstruation.
It is these alternating jumps of estradiol and progesterone that change the physiology and psychology of a woman.
Estradiol and progesterone
Let’s look at the functions of these individual hormones.
Estradiol – it is one of 3 types of estrogens, steroid female sex hormones. He is the main and most active of them. Estradiol increases the elasticity of bones, increases the activity of the thyroid gland. As a result, overall energy increases, the amount of adipose tissue decreases, the concentration of cholesterol and low-density lipoproteins (LDL — “bad” cholesterol) in the blood decreases, and the blood supply to the brain increases. It also increases the protection of the myocardium from various kinds of ischemic factors. And this is only a small part of the functions that estradiol performs.
Estradiol for a woman is like testosterone for a man
Concerning progesterone, it’s not all bright and colorful. Progesterone, on the contrary, increases the amount of adipose tissue by increasing insulin sensitivity, while reducing insulin sensitivity of other tissues (muscle). Increases the breakdown of proteins (muscles) and increases blood glucose levels, all of which increase food motivation. In addition, it relaxes the ligaments and lowers the overall muscle tone.
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In addition to physiology, the psyche of a woman is also subject to changes. This period accounts for the largest number of disruptions, especially during PMS, due to a sharp drop in progesterone secretion on the eve of menstruation. Emotional disorders very often (about 80% of cases) contribute to breakdowns. And oddly enough, dieting can increase PMS symptoms, in part due to psychological effects. Therefore, it is highly discouraged to comply with strict dietary restrictions during PMS. It is better to take a short break in the diet, so that later with renewed vigor to continue the fight against extra pounds.
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The opinion of the editors may not coincide with the opinion of the author of the article.