How to choose a diet according to your temperament

06 March 2017, 18:05

Photo: David Saddler

Pho­to: David Sad­dler

Psy­chol­o­gists dis­tin­guish four types of peo­ple: cho­ler­ic, san­guine, melan­cholic and phleg­mat­ic. Clear­ly defined traits of a cer­tain tem­pera­ment are rare — the char­ac­ter of most peo­ple com­bines sev­er­al types, but one of them, as a rule, pre­vails.

Nutri­tion­ists believe that it is bet­ter to choose your diet accord­ing to tem­pera­ment.


Peo­ple of this type are impul­sive, unbal­anced, with fre­quent mood swings and emo­tion­al out­bursts. Their impa­tience often makes them “pris­on­ers” of fast foods and processed foods — because in this way they do not have to spend time cook­ing.

To achieve har­mo­ny and main­tain an ide­al fig­ure, cho­ler­ic peo­ple should “restrain” their tem­pera­ment and spend a cou­ple of days a week prepar­ing hot meals — lat­er they can only be warmed up. Street food in the form of pies and chips is bet­ter to replace with fresh veg­eta­bles and fruits. For snacks, you can also use dried fruits and nuts. Cho­ler­ic fit any not very strict diet. It is bet­ter if it does not need to metic­u­lous­ly count the num­ber of calo­ries — an impetu­ous cho­ler­ic sim­ply can­not with­stand such scrupu­lous­ness.


These peo­ple are hot, mobile, calm. They have a quick reac­tion to events and eas­i­ly come to terms with fail­ures and upheavals. As a rule, they are gourmets who love every­thing new and unusu­al. The “culi­nary” prob­lem of san­guine peo­ple is that they con­sume extra calo­ries because of the con­stant desire to try an exot­ic sauce or a new gravy.

Want­i­ng to keep a slim fig­ure, san­guine peo­ple must strict­ly mon­i­tor what com­po­nents are includ­ed in a par­tic­u­lar exot­ic dish and not abuse too high-calo­rie ingre­di­ents of unusu­al dish­es. They are suit­able for diets that include veg­etable or grain-based dish­es or dish­es that require a long cook­ing time.


Melan­cholics are nat­ur­al pes­simists, prone to var­i­ous expe­ri­ences with or with­out cause. Impres­sive, over­ly emo­tion­al and very vul­ner­a­ble. Long and too rigid diets can increase the already strong pes­simism of melan­cholics, so instead of diets, it is bet­ter for them to arrange fast­ing days, and if they go on a diet, then only for a short-term and not very strict one. Nutri­tion­ists rec­om­mend that melan­cholic peo­ple include hon­ey, fruits and choco­late in their diet — sweets will cheer you up and add vig­or for vig­or­ous activ­i­ty and sports.


These calm, bal­anced and imper­turbable peo­ple do not like fuss and noise. Cook­ing for them is a waste of time and ener­gy. They are more like­ly to pre­fer a sand­wich or ready-made food from fast food to a full meal.

Twen­ty snacks dur­ing the day dri­ve phleg­mat­ic peo­ple into the trap of being over­weight. They must pull them­selves togeth­er and force them­selves to eat ful­ly, and one meal must be hot. Peo­ple with this tem­pera­ment would be best suit­ed for a diet based on cere­als and soups.

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The opin­ion of the edi­tors may not coin­cide with the opin­ion of the author of the arti­cle.

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