How to deal with cystitis?

Cys­ti­tis is an eter­nal com­pan­ion of cold weath­er. At dif­fer­ent times of life, about 30% of women suf­fer from it. To resist the insid­i­ous dis­ease, do not self-med­icate!

Cystitis, photo

Pho­to: Legion‑Media

The blad­der is a stor­age organ. Cys­ti­tis — noth­ing more than inflam­ma­tion of its mucous mem­brane. It is not dif­fi­cult to rec­og­nize this dis­ease. The clas­sic pic­ture of acute cys­ti­tis is pain in the low­er abdomen and fre­quent urge to uri­nate. The process itself is accom­pa­nied by severe pain in the gen­i­tal area, the urine becomes cloudy, and some­times with an admix­ture of blood. If at first you miss the dis­ease, then the inflam­ma­to­ry process can spread high­er to the kid­neys (you should be alert­ed by pain in the lum­bar region, fever, chills). BUT untreat­ed cys­ti­tis often becomes chron­ic. How to avoid it?

Con­duit for infec­tion
Usu­al­ly we asso­ciate the appear­ance of cys­ti­tis with hypother­mia. In fact, there are many rea­sons for this dis­ease. The most fre­quent — bac­te­r­i­al infec­tion. The struc­ture of the female uri­nary tract con­tributes to the pen­e­tra­tion of path­o­gen­ic microbes into the body. The short and wide ure­thra (ure­thra) is a good con­duit for infec­tion. In case of vio­la­tion of the norms of per­son­al hygiene or sex­u­al inter­course, microbes can get from the exter­nal gen­i­talia into the ure­thra, and from there into the blad­der.

Cys­ti­tis also often wor­ries dur­ing puber­ty, dur­ing preg­nan­cy, menopause, and is also a fre­quent com­pan­ion of inflam­ma­to­ry process­es in the kid­neys and pelvic organs. The dis­ease is pro­voked by mal­nu­tri­tion, dys­bac­te­rio­sis, decreased immu­ni­ty, phys­i­cal inac­tiv­i­ty.

In any case, to deter­mine the cause, refer to urol­o­gist or gyne­col­o­gist. The doc­tor will pre­scribe gen­er­al urine and blood tests, PCR diag­nos­tics, bac­te­ri­o­log­i­cal urine cul­ture (to iden­ti­fy the pathogen). You may need to study the microflo­ra of the vagi­na, as well as ultra­sound of the gen­i­touri­nary organs. If you sus­pect a tumor or stones in the uri­nary organs, you will be offered to per­form a cys­toscopy — an exam­i­na­tion of the blad­der using a spe­cial instru­ment (cys­to­scope). The cys­to­scope is insert­ed into the blad­der through the ure­thra. An anes­thet­ic gel is used for a pain­less pro­ce­dure. After the study, an antibi­ot­ic is pre­scribed. Based on the results of the exam­i­na­tion, the urol­o­gist will pre­scribe the nec­es­sary treat­ment. It can be antibac­te­r­i­al, anti-inflam­ma­to­ry and oth­er drugs.

What can you do?
If in the morn­ing you feel dis­com­fort, you need to imme­di­ate­ly take action. Sup­port drug treat­ment with a num­ber of pre­ven­tive mea­sures.
First of all, it is nec­es­sary plen­ti­ful drink. Water “wash­es” the infec­tion out of the body. Get ready to drink at least 16 glass­es of water a day. Elim­i­nate alco­hol, lim­it cof­fee and juices — these drinks irri­tate the blad­der. But you should not give up sour. Buy fresh (or frozen) cran­ber­ries, make juice or fruit drink from them and drink in small por­tions. Cran­ber­ry has an anti­sep­tic effect and pre­vents bac­te­ria from set­tling on the walls of the mucosa. Replace your usu­al drinks with phar­ma­cy herbal prepa­ra­tions. It is good if the col­lec­tion con­tains bear­ber­ry, lin­gonber­ry, mead­owsweet, plan­tain. Refuse smoked meats, spicy, fat­ty and salty foods. Eat soups, cere­als, fresh veg­eta­bles, fruits, greens.

To relieve pain, you can spend a few min­utes under hot show­er or hold a heat­ing pad in the abdomen. But lying with a heat­ing pad all day is not worth it! As well as vis­it­ing a sauna or bath until recov­ery. The steam room is an excel­lent way to pre­vent, but in the acute form of cys­ti­tis, it can aggra­vate the con­di­tion.

And the last. Many peo­ple think that endure the urge to uri­nate means to train the blad­der. This is not true. The more often you abstain, the more it stretch­es. As a result, blood cir­cu­la­tion in its wall is dis­turbed, the pro­tec­tive prop­er­ties of the mucous mem­brane weak­en and the risk of infec­tion increas­es. Draw con­clu­sions!

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The opin­ion of the edi­tors may not coin­cide with the opin­ion of the author of the arti­cle.

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