Very often, parents force their children to read, and in the summer they do it with a double effort. After all, a son or daughter has so much free time! Some adults have the impression that their child simply has to read quickly. And it’s one thing when a son or daughter manages to increase the speed of reading, and it’s quite another when a child tries, tries, but nothing works out for him. So there are good reasons for this. How to be?
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Psychologists advise parents to watch their son or daughter more often. Pay special attention to how, what and what the child likes to talk about, as well as how often he pauses during a conversation. Why is it important? One of the reasons for a child’s slow reading may be a small vocabulary. In this case, many words that will be found in the text will be unfamiliar, and this, in turn, slows down the reading process. What to do? In this case, mom or dad should enrich the baby’s vocabulary, talk more with him, communicate, and also read diverse literature. Another reason for “bad reading”: lack of attention.
If a child reads inattentively, if he is constantly distracted by something, he will not be able to concentrate on pronouncing the text and will not be able to understand its meaning.
Parents should also pay attention to whether the proposed literature is selected according to age and how much it corresponds to the level of development of the child.
An interesting observation: a child will not read faster than he speaks. If in life the child is slow, melancholic, then you should not expect a quick reaction from him as a choleric. This applies to everything, reading in this case is no exception. A balanced and “impenetrable” phlegmat is also unlikely to be in a hurry and “swallow” page after page. If in ordinary life a child thinks for a long time before answering a question, draws out words, then he will read more slowly than usual. And there is nothing bad and terrible in this.
The most important thing, experts are sure: not the number of words read, but awareness. What is the use of the fact that one of the children will read a given passage of text in a minute, but will not be able to answer questions about what they have read? And also what is the point of mixing words together, not seeing any dots or commas, and then making big eyes, surprised that the child himself did not understand anything.
How to encourage and motivate?
In no case should you laugh at mistakes, reproach for misread words, and even more so: stand over your soul “with a belt”. Many parents have this habit of punishing their child for bad behavior by reading. Phrases are especially popular: “you won’t go out for a walk if you don’t read from now to…”, “you won’t get a toy (ice cream) if you don’t read 30–40 words per minute” or “now rewrite this text…”. Familiar? If yes, then psychologists are sure that such methods do not work.
But motivation works, namely: encouraging the reading of any printed materials: children’s magazines, children’s jokes, comics, horoscopes, etc. Let the children choose what interests them! The main thing is that children’s literature should always be available. By the way, such techniques as a book with bright pictures accidentally forgotten on the table or a magazine opened on the page with the announcement of a new children’s cartoon work effectively. The child should have a desire to pick up, look through, read and learn something new.
If a child is interested in a cartoon or a TV show, parents should pick up a book on this topic and offer to find out if the author’s version differs from the television one.
The most important thing is that parents themselves love to read, but whether it will happen quickly or slowly is not so important. Think about how often you yourself take a book in your hand. It is very important that children see their parents with a book as often as possible!
Author: Lisa Women’s magazine
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The opinion of the editors may not coincide with the opinion of the author of the article.