February 29, 2016, 04:13 PM
A banal runny nose is fraught with a serious complication — sinusitis. How to prevent it and how to cure if sinusitis still developed?
The most common complication of rhinitis, influenza, measles is sinusitis — inflammation of the mucous membrane of the maxillary (maxillary) sinus, which, without adequate treatment, can become chronic.
Symptoms of sinusitis
It is very important not to miss signs of sinusitisthat distinguish it from the common cold, and start treatment as soon as possible. At the onset of inflammation of the maxillary sinus, there may be tension or pain on the side of the lesion, mucopurulent discharge from the nose, and nasal breathing disorders. Lachrymation and photophobia, decreased sense of smell, increased body temperature, as well as swelling of the cheeks and swelling of the eyelids are possible.
On examination, the doctor notes soreness on palpation of the points of the maxillary sinuses, purulent or mucopurulent discharge in the middle nasal passage, flowing down the back of the pharynx. To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes radiographywhich reveals a darkening of the sinus or even a fluid level.
What to do with sinusitis?
At the first sign of sinusitis, it is important to consult a doctor as soon as possible. With a mild course of the disease, they are prescribed vasoconstrictor dropsthat reduce swelling of the nasal and sinus mucosa, and drugs that improve the outflow of fluid from the nasopharynx. You need to rinse your nose saline solutions and instill antibacterial agents in both nostrils. Physiotherapy also helps: solux, UHF therapy, Minin’s lamp. In severe cases, prescribed antibiotics inside or intramuscularly, sinus puncture and washing with antiseptic solutions.
Home remedies for sinusitis
Washing. Dissolve a few drops of iodine and half a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water. Draw the solution into a large syringe without a needle and insert its tip into the right nostril. Tilt your head to the right and empty the syringe under gentle pressure. Do the same with the left nostril. Blow your nose. The procedure allows you to clear the nose of the accumulation of mucus and prepare it for further treatment procedures.
Laurel compresses. Pour 30 g of bay leaves (3 packs) with water so that it covers the leaves, bring to a boil. Let cool slightly, moisten a napkin, wring out and attach to the bridge of your nose. Change napkins as they cool. Compresses do in the evening before going to bed. Laurel compresses effectively cleanse the sinuses and relieve inflammation.
Aloe juice. Squeeze the juice from fresh aloe leaves, dilute it with water in a ratio of 1: 2 and instill 3 drops in each nostril 2 times a day. Aloe juice has an anti-inflammatory effect.
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