The correct posture of the child is his health … Few adults treat this issue responsibly. Most often, parents begin to worry when they notice that their child has begun to stoop. Anxiety can also be caused by the fact that one shoulder of the baby has become lower than the other, and the child’s shoulder blades bulge noticeably forward. The experiences of adults are quite appropriate, because all these symptoms can indicate a violation of posture. If you do nothing, then the curvature of the spine in a child can lead to visual impairment, fatigue, disruption of the cardiovascular system, breathing and cause oxygen starvation of the body.
What is called correct posture?
Posture is the habitual position of the body while standing, sitting and walking. The posture is considered correct if the head is slightly raised, the chest is deployed, the shoulders are at the same level. Causes of posture disorders can be both congenital and acquired. Congenital causes of posture disorders are not very common. Basically, these are violations of intrauterine development, leading to underdevelopment of the vertebrae, the formation of various defects and pathologies. Acquired disorders are the most common. What factors lead to poor posture?
Many children, especially during their school years, develop signs that may indicate poor posture. Most often they arise due to the habit of taking incorrect body positions while sitting at a table or desk. This contributes to the development of the muscles of one half of the body and weakness of the muscles of the other, which leads to uneven pressure on the vertebrae and curvature of the body to one side.
The posture when writing is considered correct if the child sits upright, leaning back against the back of the chair. Shoulders should be at the same level, forearms lean on the table. The head is slightly tilted forward. Notebook when writing should lie at a distance of 35–40 cm from the eyes. It is important to ensure that the table lamp is on the table to the left of the student, at which time the overhead light must also be turned on. The posture when reading is the same as when writing: it is better to put the book at an angle to the table on a stand.
Some children have a habit of sitting with their legs tucked under them while leaning heavily to the side. This can lead to curvature of the spine. If the table does not correspond to the growth of the student, the child is forced to sit bent over. Therefore, choosing furniture for training, it is important to approach this moment responsibly. The design of the table and chair should provide, firstly, support for the torso, arms and legs, and secondly, the symmetrical position of the head and shoulder girdle. The size of the furniture should correspond to the height of the child: the length of the seat of the chair — the length of the hips, the height of its legs — the length of the legs. It is good if the back of the chair has a slight tilt back, which allows you to lean back, relax, and give rest to the spine. Feet should be on the floor.
Posture disorders can develop due to the habit of carrying a heavy briefcase in one hand. Often, especially among high school students, there is such a habit. What happens to the body in this case? The body is tilted towards the briefcase, the head is in the opposite direction, the back is stooped. Over time, due to the constantly incorrect position of the body, a curvature of the spine may develop. Therefore, it is better for both high school students and elementary school students to wear a satchel on their backs. The benefits are clear: the arms remain free, the weight of the pack is evenly distributed and the back remains straight.
If your child is involved in a sport that promotes muscle development on one side of the body and muscle weakness on the other. For example, playing tennis leads to uneven pressure on the vertebrae and curvature of the torso in one direction.
With flat feet, posture is often disturbed. How does this happen? The center of gravity of the body shifts back, so the whole body has to lean forward to maintain balance. Because of this, the child begins to slouch. Of course, flat feet is not a fatal disease, but it can also provide a lot of problems: legs get tired quickly, knees suffer — the load on them increases.
A soft bed contributes to the curvature of the spine, which means a change in posture and stoop. When choosing a bed and mattress for a child, it is worth considering this factor. The bed should not be too soft, the pillow should be large. The length of the bed should be 20–25 cm longer than the height of the child so that he can stretch out freely. The child is not only more pleasant, but also more useful to sleep on an even, dense mattress.
The baby should not be allowed to sleep curled up, with legs pulled up to the chest. In this position, the shoulder blades are displaced, the upper ribs in the chest cavity are compressed, the spine is bent. The entire weight of the body falls on two points — the shoulder and hip joints, and the spine sags between them. It is best when the child sleeps on his back.
Most often, children, in order to correct their posture, just start attending physiotherapy exercises and doing massage. Parents are encouraged to take their child to a specialist once a year.
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The opinion of the editors may not coincide with the opinion of the author of the article.